Jin-Song von Storch

Department Climate Variability
Group Ocean Energetics
Position Group Leader
phone +494041173155
Email jin-song.von.storch@mpimet.mpg.de
Room B217

About my research

In my research, I study the Earth's climate as a high-dimensional forced dissipative system.  In doing so, I take two approaches. One is process-oriented. I focus on the ocean and study the processes that control and maintain the ocean's general circulation. From an energetics perspective, these are (a) processes that provide mechanical energy for diapycnal mixing in the ocean interior and thus support the upwelling required to close an overturning circulation, and (b) processes that dissipate mechanical energy and thus can counteract the constant supply of energy from wind and buoyancy forcing at the sea surface.  I believe that understanding these processes is essential for understanding how the ocean works. The other approach is systems-oriented. A climate model is a set of discretized differential equations that have the same general structure as, say, a many-particle system considered in statistical physics. Climate variables exhibit random fluctuations similar to those observed in phenomena such as Brownian motion in statistical physics. These similarities suggest that the methods and concepts developed for statistical physics may also be applicable to climate and vice versa. The goal is to produce probabilistic climate predictions that describe changes in climate statistics caused by changes in an external forcing. Here we use probability as a measure of the inherent randomness of the climate system (most evident when considering internal climate variability) rather than as a measure of uncertainties arising from the lack of knowledge (a standard argument used to justify probabilistic reasoning).





Prof. Jin-Song von Storch (née Xu) is Deputy Director of the Climate Variability Department and leads the Egergetics of Climate Working Group. She is also a professor (§17) at the University of Hamburg

Personal data

Born December 12, 1961 in Beijing, China
Married to Hans von Storch


PhD (1990): Meteorology, University of Hamburg. Dissertation: "Analysis and Prediction of El Niño Southern Oscilaltion Phenomenon Using Principal Oscillation Pattern Analysis".

Diploma (1987): Meteorology, University of Hamburg

Vordiplom (1987): Physics, University of Hamburg


  • Heisenberg Program of the DFG (1999-2004)
  • Scholarship granted by the Chinese government (1981-1987)


  • Hohenegger, C., Korn, P., Linardakis, L., Redler, R., Schnur, R., Adamidis, P., Bao, J., Bastin, S., Behravesh, M., Bergemann, M., Biercamp, J., Bockelmann, H., Brokopf, R., Brüggemann, N., Casaroli, L., Chegini, F., Datseris, G., Esch, M., George, G., Giorgetta, M., Gutjahr, O., Haak, H., Hanke, M., Ilyina, T., Jahns, T., Jungclaus, J., Kern, M., Klocke, D., Kluft, L., Kölling, T., Kornblueh, L., Kosukhin, S., Kroll , C., Lee, J., Mauritsen, T., Mehlmann, C., Mieslinger , T., Naumann, A., Paccini, L., Peinado, A., Praturi, D., Putrasahan, D., Rast, S., Riddick, T., Roeber, N., Schmidt, H., Schulzweida, U., Schütte, F., Segura, H., Shevchenko, R., Singh, V., Specht, M., Stephan, C., von Storch, J., Vogel, R., Wengel, C., Winkler, M., Ziemen, F., Marotzke, J. & Stevens, B. (2023). ICON-Sapphire: simulating the components of the Earth System and their interactions at kilometer and subkilometer scales. Geoscientific Model Development, 16, 779-811. doi:10.5194/gmd-16-779-2023 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S. & Lüschow, V. (2023). Wind power input to ocean near-inertial waves diagnosed from a 5-km coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 128: e2022JC019111. doi:10.1029/2022JC019111 [supplementary-material][supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S., Hertwig, E., Lüschow, V., Brüggemann, N., Haak, H., Korn, P. & Singh, V. (2023). Open-ocean tides simulated by ICON-O. Geoscientific Model Development, 16, 5179-5196. doi:10.5194/gmd-16-5179-2023 [supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Schmidt, H., Brovkin, V., Brüggemann, N., Chegini, F., Crueger, T., de Vrese, P., Gayler, V., Giorgetta, M., Gutjahr, O., Haak, H., Hagemann , S., Hanke, M., Ilyina, T., Korn, P., Kröger, J., Linardakis, L., Mehlmann, C., Mikolajewicz, U., Müller, W., Nabel, J., Notz, D., Pohlmann, H., Putrasahan, D., Raddatz, T., Ramme , L., Redler, R., Reick, C., Riddick, T., Sam, T., Schneck, R., Schnur, R., Schupfner, M., von Storch, J.-S., Wachsmann, F., Wieners, K.-H., Ziemen, F., Stevens, B., Marotzke, J. & Claussen, M. (2022). The ICON Earth System Model Version 1.0. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14: e2021MS002813. doi:10.1029/2021MS002813 [publisher-version]
  • Korn, P., Brüggemann, N., Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Gutjahr, O., Haak, H., Linardakis, L., Mehlmann, C., Mikolajewicz, U., Notz, D., Putrasahan, D., Singh, V., von Storch, J.-S., Zhu , X. & Marotzke, J. (2022). ICON-O: The Ocean Component of the ICON Earth System Model - Global simulation characteristics and local telescoping capability. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems: e2021MS002952. doi:10.1029/2021MS002952 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S. (2022). On equilibrium fluctuations. Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 74, 364-381. doi:10.16993/tellusa.25 [publisher-version][supplementary-material][supplementary-material]
  • Gutjahr, O., Brüggemann , N., Haak, H., Jungclaus, J., Putrasahan, D., Lohmann, K. & von Storch, J.-S. (2021). Comparison of ocean vertical mixing schemes in the Max Planck Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM1.2). Geoscientific Model Development, 14, 2317-2349. doi:10.5194/gmd-14-2317-2021 [supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D., von Storch, J.-S., Gutjahr, O., Jungclaus, J. & Haak, H. (2021). Response of northern North Atlantic and Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to reduced and enhanced wind stress forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126: e2021JC017902. doi:10.1029/2021JC017902 [supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • Lüschow, V., Marotzke, J. & von Storch, J.-S. (2021). Overturning response to a surface wind stress doubling in an eddying and a non-eddying ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51, 1007-1020. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-20-0176.1 [publisher-version]
  • Putrasahan, D., Gutjahr, O., Haak, H., Jungclaus, J., Lohmann, K., Roberts, M. & von Storch, J.-S. (2021). Effect of resolving ocean eddies on the transient response of global mean surface temperature to abrupt 4xCO2 forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL092049. doi:10.1029/2020GL092049 [any-fulltext][supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • Putrasahan, D. & von Storch, J.-S. (2021). Piecewise evolutionary spectra: A practical approach to understanding projected changes in spectral relationships between circulation modes and regional climate under global warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2021GL093898. doi:10.1029/2021GL093898 [publisher-version][supplementary-material]
  • Huang, X., Zhou, T., Dai, A., Li, H., Li, C., Chen, X., Lu, J. & von Storch, J.-S. (2020). South Asian summer monsoon projections constrained by the Intedacadal Pacific Oscillation. Science Advances, 6: eaay6546. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aay6546 [publisher-version][supplementary-material]
  • Li, Z. & von Storch, J.-S. (2020). M2 internal-tide generation in STORMTIDE2. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125: e2019JC015453. doi:10.1029/2019JC015453 [supplementary-material][supplementary-material][supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • Löb, J., Köhler, J., Mertens, C., Walter, M., Li, Z., von Storch, J.-S., Zhao, Z. & Rhein, M. (2020). Observations of the low-mode internal tide and its interaction with mesoscale flow south of the Azores. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125: e2019JC015879. doi:10.1029/2019JC015879 [publisher-version]
  • Reimann, L. & von Storch, J.-S. (2020). A phase-space consideration of changing climate-PDF. Climate Dynamics, 54, 2633-2662. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05130-8
  • Gutjahr, O., Putrasahan, D., Lohmann, K., Jungclaus, J., von Storch, J.-S., Brüggemann , N., Haak, H. & Stoessel, A. (2019). Max Planck Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM1.2) for High-Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP). Geoscientific Model Development, 12, 3241-3281. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-3241-2019 [publisher-version]
  • Köhler, J., Walter, M., Mertens, C., Stiehler, J., Li, Z., von Storch, J.-S. & Rhein, M. (2019). Energy flux observations in an internal tide beam in the eastern North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 124, 5747-5764. doi:10.1029/2019JC015156 [publisher-version]
  • Lüschow, V., von Storch, J.-S. & Marotzke, J. (2019). Diagnosing the influence of mesoscale eddy fluxes on the deep western boundary current in the 1/10° STORM / NCEP simulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49, 751-764. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-18-0103.1 [publisher-version]
  • Mauritsen, T., Bader, J., Becker, T., Behrens, J., Bittner, M., Brokopf, R., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Crueger, T., Esch, M., Fast, I., Fiedler, S., Popke, D., Gayler, V., Giorgetta, M., Goll, D., Haak, H., Hagemann, S., Hedemann, C., Hohenegger, C., Ilyina, T., Jahns, T., Jiménez de la Cuesta Otero, D., Jungclaus, J., Kleinen, T., Kloster, S., Kracher, D., Kinne, S., Kleberg, D., Lasslop, G., Kornblueh, L., Marotzke, J., Matei, D., Meraner, K., Mikolajewicz, U., Modali, K., Möbis, B., Müller, W., Nabel, J., Nam, C., Notz, D., Nyawira, S., Paulsen, H., Peters, K., Pincus, R., Pohlmann, H., Pongratz, J., Popp, M., Raddatz, T., Rast, S., Redler, R., Reick, C., Rohrschneider, T., Schemann, V., Schmidt, H., Schnur, R., Schulzweida, U., Six, K., Stein, L., Stemmler, I., Stevens, B., von Storch, J.-S., Tian, F., Voigt, A., de Vrese, P., Wieners, K.-H., Wilkenskjeld, S., Roeckner, E. & Winkler, A. (2019). Developments in the MPI-M Earth System Model version 1.2 (MPI-ESM1.2) and its response to increasing CO2. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 998-1038. doi:10.1029/2018MS001400 [publisher-version]
  • Putrasahan, D., Lohmann, K., von Storch, J.-S., Jungclaus, J., Gutjahr, O. & Haak, H. (2019). Surface flux drivers for the slowdown of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a high resolution global coupled climate model. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 1349-1363. doi:10.1029/2018MS001447 [supplementary-material][publisher-version]
  • Tian, F., von Storch, J.-S. & Hertwig, E. (2019). Impact of SST diurnal cycle on ENSO asymmetry. Climate Dynamics, 52, 2399-2411. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4271-7 [publisher-version]
  • Stössel, A., von Storch, J.-S., Notz, D., Haak, H. & Gerdes, R. (2018). High-frequency and meso-scale winter sea-ice variability in the Southern Oscillation in a high resolution global ocean model. Ocean Dynamics, 68, 347-361. doi:10.1007/s10236-018-1135-y
  • Yuan, D., Li, X., Wang, Z., Li, Y., Wang, J., Yang, Y., Hu, X., Tan, S., Zhou, H., Wardana, A., Surinati, D., Purwandana, A., Ismail, M., Avianto, P., Dirhamsyah, D., Arifin, Z. & von Storch, J.-S. (2018). Observed transport variations in the Maluku Channel of the Indonesian Seas associated with western boundary current changes. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 48, 1803-1813. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-17-0120.1 [publisher-version]
  • Berner, J., Achatz, U., Batte, L., Bengtsson, L., De La Camara, A., Christensen, H., Colangeli, M., Coleman, D., Crommelin, D., Dolaptchiev, S., Franzke, C., Friederichs, P., Imkeller, P., Järvinen, H., Juricke, S., Kitsios, V., Lott, F., Lucarini, V., Mahajan, S., Palmer, T., Penland, C., Sakradzija, M., von Storch, J.-S., Weisheimer, A., Weniger, M., Williams, P. & Yano, J.-I. (2017). Stochastic parameterization: Towards a new view of weather and climate models. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 565-587. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00268.1 [publisher-version]
  • Li, Z., von Storch, J.-S. & Müller , M. (2017). The K1 internal tide simulated by a 1/10° OGCM. Ocean Modelling, 113, 145-156. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.04.002
  • Tian, F., von Storch, J.-S. & Hertwig, E. (2017). Air–sea fluxes in a climate model using hourly coupling between the atmospheric and the oceanic components. Climate Dynamics, 48, 2819-2836. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3228-y [publisher-version]
  • Haarsma, R., Roberts, M., Vidale, P., Senior, C., Bellucci, A., Bao, Q., Chang, P., Corti, S., Fučkar, N., Guemas, V., von Hardenberg, J., Hazeleger, W., Kodama, C., Koenigk, T., Leung, L., Lu, J., Luo, J.-J., Mao, J., Mizielinski, M., Mizuta, R., Nobre, P., Satoh, M., Scoccimarro, E., Semmler, T., Small, J. & von Storch, J.-S. (2016). High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP v1.0) for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 4185-4208. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-66 [publisher-version]
  • Rimac, A., von Storch, J.-S. & Eden, C. (2016). The total energy flux leaving the ocean's mixed layer. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1885-1900. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0115.1 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S., Haak, H., Hertwig, E. & Fast, I. (2016). Vertical heat and salt fluxes due to resolved and parameterized meso-scale eddies. Ocean Modelling, 108, 1-18. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.10.001
  • Boers, N., Bookhagen, B., Marengo, J., Marwan, N., von Storch, J.-S. & Kurths, J. (2015). Extreme rainfall of the South American monsoon system: A dataset comparison using complex networks. Journal of Climate, 28, 1031-1056. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00340.1 [publisher-version]
  • Corti, S., Palmer, T., Balmaseda, M., Weisheimer, A., Drijfhout, S., Dunstone, N., Hazeleger, W., Kröger, J., Pohlmann, H., Smith, D., von Storch, J.-S. & Wouters, B. (2015). Impact of initial conditions versus external forcing in decadal climate predictions: A sensitivity experiment. Journal of Climate, 28, 4454-4470. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00671.1 [publisher-version]
  • Hertwig, E., von Storch, J.-S., Handorf, D., Dethloff, D. & Krismer, T. (2015). Effect of horizontal resolution on ECHAM6-AMIP performance. Climate Dynamics, 45, 185-211. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2396-x
  • Krismer, T., Giorgetta, M., Fast, I. & von Storch, J.-S. (2015). The influence of the spectral truncation on the simulation of waves in the tropical stratosphere. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72, 3819-3828. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0240.1 [publisher-version]
  • Li, Z., von Storch, J.-S. & Müller, M. (2015). The M2 internal tide simulated by a 1/10° OGCM. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 3119-3135. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0228.1 [publisher-version]
  • Exarchou, E., von Storch, J.-S. & Jungclaus, J. (2014). Sensitivity of transient climate change to tidal mixing : Southern Ocean heat uptake in climate change experiments performed with MPI ECHAM/MPIOM. Climate Dynamics, 42, 1755-1773. doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1776-y
  • Liu , C., Wang, F., Chen, X. & von Storch, J.-S. (2014). Interannual variability of the Kuroshio onshore intrusion along the East China Sea shelf break: Effect of the Kuroshio volume transport. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 6190-6209. doi:10.1002/2013JC009653 [publisher-version]
  • Müller, M., Cherniawsky, J., Foreman, M. & von Storch, J.-S. (2014). Seasonal variation of the M2 tide. Ocean Dynamics, 64, 159-177. doi:10.1007/s10236-013-0679-0
  • Hazeleger, W., Wouters, B., van Oldenborgh, G., Corti, S., Smith, D., Dunstone, N., Kröger, J., Pohlmann, H. & von Storch, J.-S. (2013). Predicting multi-year North Atlantic ocean variability. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 118, 1087-1098. doi:10.1002/jgrc.20117 [publisher-version]
  • Jungclaus, J., Fischer, N., Haak, H., Lohmann, K., Marotzke, J., Matei, D., Mikolajewicz, U., Notz, D. & von Storch, J.-S. (2013). Characteristics of the ocean simulations in MPIOM, the ocean component of the MPI Earth System Model. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 422-446. doi:10.1002/jame.20023 [publisher-version]
  • Li, C., von Storch, J.-S. & Marotzke, J. (2013). Deep-ocean heat uptake and equilibrium climate response. Climate Dynamics, 40, 1071-1086. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1350-z
  • Li, H. & von Storch, J.-S. (2013). On the fluctuating buoyancy fluxes simulated in a 1/10° OGCM. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1270-1287. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-080.1 [publisher-version]
  • Rimac, A., von Storch, J.-S., Eden, C. & Haak, H. (2013). The influence of high-resolution wind forcing on the power input to near-inertial waves in the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 4882-4886. doi:10.1002/grl.50929 [publisher-version]
  • Exarchou, E., von Storch, J.-S. & Jungclaus, J. (2012). Impact of tidal mixing with different scales of bottom roughness on the general circulation. Ocean Dynamics, 62, 1545-1563. doi:10.1007/s10236-012-0573-1
  • Hernandez-Deckers, D. & von Storch, J.-S. (2012). Impact of the warming pattern on global energetics. Journal of Climate, 25, 5223-5240. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00468.1
  • Kröger, J., Müller, W. & von Storch, J.-S. (2012). Impact of different ocean reanalyses on decadal climate prediction. Climate Dynamics, 39, 795-810. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7
  • Miller, M., Cherniawsky, J., Foreman, M. & von Storch, J.-S. (2012). Global M 2 internal tide and its seasonal variability from high resolution ocean circulation and tide modeling. Geophysical Research Letters, 39: L19607. doi:10.1029/2012GL053320 [publisher-version]
  • Müller, W., Baehr, J., Haak, H., Jungclaus, J., Kröger, J., Matei, D., Notz, D., Pohlmann, H., von Storch, J.-S. & Marotzke, J. (2012). Forecast skill of multi-year seasonal means in the decadal prediction system of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. Geophysical Research Letters, 39: L22707. doi:10.1029/2012GL053326 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S., Eden, C., Fast, I., Haak, H., Hernández-Deckers, D., Maier-Reimer, E., Marotzke, J. & Stammer, D. (2012). An estimate of Lorenz energy cycle for the world ocean based on the 1/10º STORM/NCEP simulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 2185-2205. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-079.1 [publisher-version]
  • Hernandez-Deckers, D. & von Storch, J.-S. (2011). The energetics response to a warmer climate: Relative contributions from the transient and stationary eddies. Earth System Dynamics, 2, 105-120. doi:10.5194/esd-2-105-2011 [publisher-version][any-fulltext]
  • Krueger, O. & von Storch, J.-S. (2011). A simple empirical model for decadal climate prediction. Journal of Climate, 24, 1276-1283. doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3726.1 [publisher-version]
  • Hernandez-Deckers, D. & von Storch, J.-S. (2010). Energetics responses to increases in greenhouse gas concentration. Journal of Climate, 23, 3874-3887. doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3176.1 [publisher-version]
  • Seiffert, R. & von Storch, J.-S. (2010). A stochastic analysis of the impact of small-scale fluctuations on the tropospheric temperature response to CO2 doubling. Journal of Climate, 23, 2307-2319. doi:10.1175/2009JCLI3043.1 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S. (2010). Variations of vertical velocity in the deep oceans simulated by 1/10 degree OGCM. Ocean Dynamics, 60, 759-770. doi:10.1007/s10236-010-0303-5
  • Beena, B. & von Storch, J.-S. (2009). Effects of fluctuating daily surface fluxes on the time-mean oceanic circulation. Climate Dynamics, 33, 1-18. doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0575-y [publisher-version]
  • Haerter, J., Roeckner, E., Tomassini, L. & von Storch, J.-S. (2009). Parametric uncertainty effects on aerosol radiative forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L15707. doi:10.1029/2009GL039050 [publisher-version]
  • Seiffert, R. & von Storch, J.-S. (2008). Impact of atmospheric small-scale fluctuations on climate sensitivity. Geophysical Research Letters, 35: L10704. doi:10.1029/2008GL033483 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S. & Haak, H. (2008). Impact of daily fluctuations on long-term predictability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 35: L01609. doi:10.1029/2007GL032385 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S. (2008). Toward climate prediction: Interannual potential predictability due to an increase in CO2 concentration as diagnosed from an ensemble of AO-GCM integrations. Journal of Climate, 35, 4607-4628. [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S., Botzet, M. & Ehlert, I. (2008). What balances the decrease in net upward thermal radiation at the surface in climate change experiments?. The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, 2, 79-90. doi:10.2174/1874282300802010079. [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S., Sasaki, H. & Marotzke, J. (2007). Wind-generated power input to the deep ocean: An estimate using a (1)/(10)degrees general circulation model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 657-672. doi:10.1175/JPO3001.1 [publisher-version]
  • Stenzel, O. & von Storch, J.-S. (2005). The effect of orography on the global atmospheric angular momentum and the general circulation. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 14, 387-393. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0041 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S., Montavez, J. & Beena, B. (2005). EMAD: an empirical model of air-sea fluxes. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 14(Special Issue of the SFB 512), 755-762. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0080 [publisher-version]
  • Stenzel, O. & von Storch, J.-S. (2004). On the effect of the thermal forcing on the global AAM and the general circulation. Climate Dynamics, 22, 415-427. doi:10.1007/s00382-003-0384-7
  • von Storch, J.-S. (2004). On statistical dissipation in GCM-climate. Climate Dynamics, 23, 1-15. doi:10.1007/s00382-004-0404-2
  • von Storch, J.-S., Kharin, V., Cubasch, U., Hegerl, G., Schriever, D., von Storch, H. & Zorita, E. (1997). A description of a 1260-year control integration with the coupled ECHAM1/LSG general circulation model. Journal of Climate, 10, 1525-1543. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<1525:ADOAYC>2.0.CO;2 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, H., Bürger, G., Schnur, R. & von Storch, J.-S. (1995). Principal oscillation patterns: a review. Journal of Climate, 8, 377-400. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0377:POPAR>2.0.CO;2 [publisher-version]
  • Latif, M., Barnett, T., Cane, M., Flügel, M., Graham, N., von Storch, H., Xu, J.-S. & Zebiak, S. (1994). A review of ENSO prediction studies. Climate Dynamics, 9, 167-179. doi:10.1007/BF00208250
  • Tahvonen, O., von Storch, H. & von Storch, J.-S. (1994). Economic efficiency of CO2 reduction programs. Climate Research, 4, 127-141. doi:10.3354/cr004127 [publisher-version]
  • von Storch, J.-S. (1994). Interdecadal variability in a global coupled model. Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 46, 419-432. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0870.1994.t01-2-00007.x [publisher-version][pre-print]
  • von Storch, H., Weese, U. & Xu, J.-S. (1990). Simultaneous analysis of space-time variability: Principal Oscillation Patterns and Principal Interaction Patterns with applications to the Southern Oscillation. Zeitschrift für Meteorologie, 40, 99-103. [publisher-version]
  • Xu, J.-S., von Storch, H. & van Loon, H. (1990). The Performance of four spectral GCMs in the Southern Hemisphere: The January and July climatology and the semi-annual wave. Journal of Climate, 3, 53-70. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1990)003<0053:TPOFSG>2.0.CO;2 [publisher-version]
  • Xu, J.-S. & von Storch, H. (1990). Predicting the state of the Southern Oscillation using Principal Oscillation Pattern analysis. Journal of Climate, 3, 1316-1329. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1990)003<1316:PTSOTS>2.0.CO;2 [publisher-version]
  • Xu, J.-S., von Storch, H. & van Loon, H. (1990). The performance of four spectral GCMs in the southern hemisphere: the January and July climatology and the semiannual wave. Journal of Climate, 3, 53-70. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1990)003<0053:TPOFSG>2.0.CO;2 [publisher-version]

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