Veröffentlichungen 1995 bis 2003 der früheren MPI-M-Ozeangruppe


  • Gehlen M, Heinze C, Maier-Reimer E, and C.I. Measures: Coupled Al-Si geochemistry in an ocean general circulation model: A tool for the validation of oceanic dust deposition fields? GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEM CY 17 (1): art. no. 1028 MAR 19 2003.
  • Aumont,O., E. Maier-Reimer,S.Blain, and P. Monfray. An ecosystem model of the global ocean icluding Fe, Si, P co-limitations GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEM CY 17 (2): art. no. 1060 JUN 4 2003.
  • Heinze, C., A.Hupe, E. Maier-Reimer,N.Dittert, O. Ragueneau, 2003: Sensitivity of the marine biospheric Si cycle for biogeochemical parameter variations. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 17(3), 1086.
  • Wischmeyer AG., Dela Rocha CL, Maier-Reimer E., Wolf-Gladrow DA, 2003: Control mechanisms for oceanic distribution of silicon isotopes. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 17(3), 1083.


  • Henderson G. and E. Maier-Reimer, 2002: Advection and removal of Pb 210 and stable isotopes in the oceans: A general circulation model study. Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta 66, 257-272.
  • J.-C. Dutay et al.,2002, Evaluation of ocean model ventilation with CFC-11: comparison of 13 global ocean models , Ocean Modelling, Volume 4, Issue 2 , 89-120.
  • S. Legutke and E. Maier-Reimer,2002: The impact of a downslope water-transport parametrization in a global ocean general circulation model. Clim.Dyn. 18, 611-623.
  • Winguth, A. M. E.; Heinze, C.; Kutzbach, J. E.; Maier-Reimer, E.; Mikolajewicz, U.; Rowley, D.; Rees, A.; Ziegler, A. M.,2002 Simulated warm polar currents during the middle Permian Paleoceanography, 1057.
  • Bell N.; Hsu L.; Jacob DJ.; Schultz MG.; Blake DR.; Butler JH.; King DB.; Lobert JM.; Maier-Reimer E. (2002): Methyl iodide: Atmospheric budget and use as a tracer of marine convection in global models Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 107 (2002), D17, 4340.
  • Heinze, C., 2002, Assessing the importance of the Southern Ocean for natural atmospheric pCO2 variations with a global biogeochemical general circulation model, Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 3105-3125.
  • Heinze, C., 2002, Das marine Sediment als Klimazeuge und Komponente des Klimasystems - eine Modellstudie, Habilitationsschrift, Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, University of Hamburg, GCA-Verlag, Serie Forschen und Wissen - Physik, ISBN 3-89863-084-6, Herdecke, Germany, 124 p.
  • I. Kriest, 2002. Different parameterizations of marine snow in a 1D-model and their influence on representation of marine snow, nitrogen budget and sedimentation. Deep-Sea Res. I, 49, 2133-2162.


  • Thomas, M., J. Suendermann, and E. Maier-Reimer, 2001: Consideration of ocean tides in an OGCM and impacts on subseasonal to decadal polar motion excitation. Geoph. Res. Letters 28, 2457 - 2460.
  • Orr, J. C., O. Aumont, A. Yool, K. Plattner, F. Joos, E. Maier-Reimer, M.-F. Weirig, R. Schlitzer, K. Caldeira, M. Wickett, and R. Matear, Ocean CO2 sequestration efficiency from 3-d ocean model comparison, in Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, (Proceedings of the 5th Inter. Conf. on Green-house Gas Control Technologies), edited by D. Williams, B. Durie, P. McMullan, C. Paulson, and A. Smith, CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia, pp. 469-474, 2001.
  • Hooss,G., R. Voss, K.Hasselmann, E.Maier-Reimer, and F.Joos, 2001: A nonlinear impulse response model for the coupled carbon cycle-climate system (NICCS). Clim. Dyn. 18, 189 - 202.
  • England, M.H., and E. Maier-Reimer, 2001: Using chemical tracers to assess ocean models. Reviews of Geophysics, 39, 29-70.
  • Orr, J. C., E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, P. Monfray, J. L. Sarmiento, J. R. Toggweiler, N. K. Taylor, J. Palmer, N. Gruber, C. L. Sabine, C. Le Quéré, R. M. Key, and J. Boutin, Estimates of anthropogenic carbon uptake from four three-dimensional global ocean models, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, Vol. 15, No. 1, 43-60, 2001.
  • Voss R. and U. Mikolajewicz (2001). The Climate of 6000 Years BP in Near-Equilibrium Simulations with a Coupled AOGCM.Geophysical Research Letters, 28,11, 2213-2216. html-version of the article .
  • Voss R. and U. Mikolajewicz (2001). Long-term climate changes due to increased CO2 concentration in the coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model ECHAM3/LSG. Climate Dynamics 17, 45-60.


  • Cubasch U., R. Voss and U. Mikolajewicz (2000). Precipitation: a parameter changing climate and modified by climate change. Climatic Change 46, 257-276.
  • Hofmann, M., D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, T.Takahashi, S. C. Sutherland, K. D. Six, E.Maier-Reimer, 2000: Stable carbon isotope dirstribution of particulate organic matter in the ocean: a model study. Marine Chemistry 72, 131 - 150
  • Latif M., E. Roeckner, U. Mikolajewicz and R. Voss (2000) Tropical stabilisation of the thermohaline circulation in a greenhouse warming simulation. Journal of Climate 13, 1809-1813.
  • Mikolajewicz U. and R. Voss (2000). The role of the individual air-sea flux components in CO2-induced changes of the ocean's circulation and climate. Climate Dynamics 16, 627-642.
  • Mueller, D. and E. Maier-Reimer, 2000: Trapped Rossby waves. Physical Review B 61, 1468 - 1485.
  • Ragueneau, O., P. Tréguer, A. Leynaert, R. F. Anderson, M. A. Brzezinski, D. J. DeMaster, R.C. Dugdale, J. Dymond, G. Fischer, R. Francois, C. Heinze, E. Maier-Reimer, V. Martin-Jézéquel, D. M. Nelson, and B. Quéguiner, A review of the Si cycle in the modern ocean: recent progress and missing gaps in the application of biogenic opal as a paleoproductivity tracer, Global and Planetary change, accepted for publication.
  • Sarmiento, J. L., P. Monfray, E. Maier-Reimer, O. Aumont, R. Murnane and J. C. Orr, Sea-air CO2 fluxes and carbon transport: a comparison of three ocean general circulation models, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1267-1281, 2000.
  • Werner M., U. Mikolajewicz, G. Hoffmann and M. Heimann (2000). Borehole versus Isotope Temperatures on Greenland: Seasonality Does Matter. Geophysical Research Letters 27, 5, 723-726.
  • Werner M., U. Mikolajewicz, G. Hoffmann and M. Heimann (2000). Possible Changes of delta O-18 in Precipitation Caused by a Meltwater Event in the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D8. 10,161-10,167.
  • Winguth, A. M. E., D. Archer, E. Maier-Reimer, and U. Mikolajewicz, 2000: Paleonutrient Data Analysis of the Glacial Atlantic Using an Adjoint Ocean General Circulation Model. In: Inverse Methods in Global Biogeochemical Cycles: Geophysical Monograph 114, 171 - 183


  • Aumont, O., J. C. Orr, P. Monfray, G. Madec and E. Maier-Reimer, 1999. Nutrient trapping in the equatorial Pacific:the ocean circulation solution, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 13, 351-369.
  • Broecker, W., J. Lynch-Stieglitz, D. Archer, M. Hofmann, E. Maier-Reimer, O. Marchal, T. Stocker, and N. Gruber, 1999: How strong is the Harvardton-Bear constraint? Glob. Biogeoch. Cycles 13, 817 - 820.\\
  • Dickson, R.R., J. Meincke, I. Vassie, J. H. Jungclaus, and S. Osterhus, 1999. Possible predictability of the Denmark Strait overflow, Nature, 397, 243 - 246.
  • Heinze, C., E. Maier-Reimer, A. M. E. Winguth and D. Archer, 1999. A global oceanic sediment model for long-term climate studies, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13, 221-250.
  • Heinze, C., and E. Maier-Reimer, 1999: The Hamburg Oceanic Carbon Cycle Circulation Model Version ``HAMOCC2s'' for long time integrations, Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum, Technical Report No. 20, 71 pp.
  • Henderson, G. M., C. Heinze, R. F. Anderson, and A. M. E. Winguth, 1999: Global distribution of the 230Th flux to ocean sediments constrained by GCM modelling, Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 46(1), 1861-1893.
  • Jungclaus, J. H., 1999, A three-dimensional simulation of the formation of anticyclonic lenses (meddies) by the instability of an intermediate depth boundary current, in press, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29, 1579-1598.
  • Jungclaus, J. H., and M. Vanicek, 1999, Frictionally modified flow in a deep ocean channel: Application to the Vema channel, Journal of Geophysical Research, WOCE South Atlantic special issue, 104, C9, 21123-21136.
  • Jungclaus, J. H., and G. L. Mellor, 1999, A three-dimensional model study of the Mediterranean outflow, accepted, Journal of Marine Systems, special issue on the circulation of marginal and semi-enclosed seas 24(1), 41-66.
  • Le Quéré, C., J. C. Orr, P. Monfray, O.Aumont, and G. Madec, 1999 (accepted). Interannual-to-interdecadal variability of the oceanic sink of CO2 from 1979 to 1993. Global Biogeochemical Cycles.
  • Orr, J.C., and O. Aumont, 1999 (in press). Exploring the capacity of the ocean to retain artificially sequesterd CO2, in Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, edited by Elsevier Ltd.
  • Sarmiento, J.L., P. Monfray, E. Maier-Reimer, O. Aumont, and J.C. Orr, 1999 (accepted). Spatial distribution of oceanic CO2 sources and sinks: A comparison of three ocean general circulatiuon models, Global Biogeochemical Cycles.
  • Sein, D.V., J.O.Backhaus, P.Brandt, A.Izquierdo, B.A.Kagan, A.Rubino, L.Tejedor, Flow exchange and tidally induced dynamics in the Strait of Gibraltar as derived from a two-layer boundary-fitted coordinate model. In: Ocean fronts and related phenomena, UNESCO Workshop, 1999 (in press).
  • Tejedor,L., A.Izquierdo, B.A.Kagan, and D.V.Sein, 1999:Simulation of the semidiurnal tides in the Strait of Gibraltar, J.Geophys.Res., 104, N. C6, 13541-13557.
  • Weisse, R., U. Mikolajewicz, A. Sterl and S. Drijfhout, 1999. Stochastically forced variability in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 11049-11064. abstract
  • Winguth, A.M.E., D. Archer, E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz and J.-C. Duplessy, 1999. Sensitivity of paleonutrient tracer distributions and deep sea circulation to glacial conditions. Paleoceanography, 14, 304-323. ps-file,
  • Winguth A. M. E. , D. Archer, E. Maier-Reimer and U. Mikolajewicz (1999). Paleonutrient data analysis of the glacial Atlantic using an adjoint ocean general circulation model. In: P. Kasibhatla, M. Heimann, P. Rayner, N. Mahowald, R. G. Prinn and D. E. Hartley (Eds.) Inverse methods in global biogeochemical cycles. AGU Geophysical Monograph Series Vol. 114, 171-183.


  • Aumont, O., J. C. Orr, D. Jamous, P. Monfray, O. Marti, and G. Madec, 1998. A degradation approach to accelerate simulations to steady state in a 3-D tracer transport model of the global ocean, Clim. Dyn., 14, 101-116.
  • Archer,D., H. Kheshgi, and E. Maier-Reimer, 1998: Dynamics of neutralization of fossil fuel CO2 . by marine CaCO3 Glob. Biogeoch. Cycl. 12, 259 - 276
  • Bareille, G., M. Labracherie, R. A. Mortlock, E. Maier-Reimer, and P. N. Froelich, 1998: A test of (Ge/Si)opal as a paleorecorder of (Ge/Si)seawater, Geology, 26, 179-182.
  • Broecker, W. S., S. Peacock, S. Walker, R. Weiss, E. Fahrbach, M. Schroeder, U. Mikolajewicz, C. Heinze, R. Key, T.-H. Peng, and S. Rubin, 1998: How much deep water is formed in the Southern Ocean ? Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (C8), 15833-15844.
  • Heinze, C., E. Maier-Reimer, and P. Schlosser, 1998: Transient tracers in a global OGCM - source functions and simulated distributions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (C8), 15903-15922.
  • Maier-Reimer, E. and G. Henderson, 1998. 210Pb in the Ocean: a pilot tracer for modeling particle reactive elements. Ind. Acad. Sc. Earth and Planetary Sciences 107, 351-357.
  • Mikolajewicz, U., 1998. Effect of meltwater input from the Antarctic ice sheet on the thermohaline circulation, Annals of Glaciology, 27, 311-316. abstract,
  • Muennich, M., M. Latif, S. Venzke, and E. Maier-Reimer,1998: Decadal Oscillations in a Simple Coupled Model. J. Climate, 11, 3309 - 3319
  • Stephens, B. B., R. F. Keeling, M. Heimann, K. D. Six, R. Murnane, and K. Caldeira, 1998: Testing global ocean cycle models using measurements of atmospheric O2 and CO2 concentrations, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12, 213-230.


  • Archer, D., H. Kheshgi, and E. Maier-Reimer, 1997: Multiple timescales for neutralization of fossil fuel CO2, Geophysical Research Letters 24, 405 - 408.
  • Brosche, P., E. Maier-Reimer, J. Segschneider, J. Sündermann, and J. Wünsch, 1997: The axial angular momentum of the general circulation of the oceans, Astron. Nachr. 318, 193 - 199.
  • Heinze, C., and T. J. Crowley, 1997: Sedimentary response to ocean gateway circulation changes, Paleoceanography, 12, 742-754.
  • Mikolajewicz, U., T. J. Crowley, A. Schiller, and R. Voss, 1997: Modeling North Atlantic/North Pacific teleconnections during the Younger Dryas, Nature 387, 384-387. 429-442.
  • Schiller, A., U. Mikolajewicz, and R. Voss, 1997: The Stability of the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Model, Climate Dynamics, 13, 325-347.


  • Drijfhout, S., C. Heinze, M. Latif, and E. Maier-Reimer, 1996, Mean circulation and internal variability in an ocean primitive equation model, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 559-580.
  • Drijfhout, S. S., E. Maier-Reimer, and U. Mikolajewicz, 1996: Tracing the conveyor belt in the Hamburg large-scale geostrophic ocean general circulation model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101 (C10), 22563 - 22575.
  • Erickson III, D. J., P. J. Rasch, P. P. Tans, P. Friedlingstein, P. Ciais, E. Maier-Reimer, K. Six, C. A. Fischer, and S. Walters, 1996: The seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2: A study based on the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM2), Journal of Geophysical Research, 101 (D10), 15,079 - 15,097.
  • Heimann, M. and E. Maier-Reimer, 1996: On the relations between the oceanic uptake of CO2 and its carbon isotopes, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10, 89 - 110.
  • Maier-Reimer, E. 1996: Dynamic vs. apparent Redfield ratio in the oceans: A case for 3D models, Journal of Marine Systems 9, 113 - 120.
  • Maier-Reimer, E., U. Mikolajewicz, and A. Winguth, 1996: Future ocean uptake of CO2: interaction between ocean circulation and biology, Climate Dynamics, 12, 711 - 721.
  • Maier-Reimer, E., U. Mikolajewicz, and A. Winguth, 1996: Interactions between ocean circulation and the biological pumps in the global warming, Climate Dynamics 12, 711-721.
  • Six, K. D. and E. Maier-Reimer,1996: Effects of plankton dynamics on seasonal carbon fluxes in an ocean general circulation model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10, 559 - 583.
  • Stössel, A., J. M. Oberhuber, and E. Maier-Reimer, 1996: On the representation of sea ice in global ocean general circulation models, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, C8, 18193 - 18212.


  • Cubasch, U., G. Hegerl, A. Hellbach, H. Höck, U. Mikolajewicz, B. D. Santer, and R. Voss, 1995: A Climate Change Simulation Starting at an Early Time of Industrialization, Climate Dynamics 11, 71-84.
  • Farley, K. A., E. Maier-Reimer, P. Schlosser, and W. S. Broecker, 1995: Constraints on mantle 3He fluxes and deep-sea circulation from an oceanic general circulation model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, B3, 3829 - 3839.
  • Heinze, C., and W. S. Broecker, 1995: Closing-off the Southern Ocean surface, Paleoceanography, 10, 49-58.
  • Pierce, D. W., T. P. Barnett, and U. Mikolajewicz, 1995: Competing Roles of Heat and Fresh Water Flux in Forcing Thermohaline Oscillations, Journal of Physical Oceanography 25, 2046-2064.
  • Santer, B. D., U. Mikolajewicz, W. Brüggemann, U. Cubasch, K. Hasselmann, H. Höck, E. Maier-Reimer, and T. M. L. Wigley, 1995: Ocean variability and its influence on the detectability of greenhouse warming signals, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, C6, 10693 - 10725.