Publikationen der Forschungsgruppe des Direktors (LES)


  • Adloff, M., Reick, C. & Claussen, M. (2018). Earth system model simulations show different feedback strengths of the terrestrial carbon cycle under glacial and interglacial conditions. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 413-425. doi:10.5194/esd-9-413-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S., Claussen, M. & Reick, C. (2018). Rapid increase in simulated North Atlantic dust deposition due to fast change of northwest African landscape during Holocene. Climate of the Past, 14, 1051-1066. doi:10.5194/cp-14-1051-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S. (2018). Linking marine dust records to Saharan landscape evolution during the Holocene: a theoretical study. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2552057 [ Fulltext]
  • Ghosh, R., Müller, W., Eichhorn, A., Baehr, J. & Bader, J. (2018). Atmospheric pathway between Atlantic multidecadal variability and European summer temperature in the atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM6. Climate Dynamics, available online.. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4578-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Kalidindi, S., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2018). Two drastically different climate states on an Earth-like terra-planet. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 739-756. doi:10.5194/esd-9-739-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Marquer, L., Dallmeyer, A., Poska, A., Pongratz, J., Smith, B. & Gaillard, M.-J. (2018). Modeling past human-induced vegetation change is a challenge – the case of Europe. Past Global Changes Magazine, 26, 12-13. doi:1022498/pages.26.1.12 [ Fulltext]
  • Mikolajewicz, U., Ziemen, F., Cioni, G., Claussen, M., Fraedrich, K., Heidkamp, M., Hohenegger, C., Jiménez de la Cuesta, D., Kapsch, M.-L., Lemburg, A., Mauritsen, T., Meraner, K., Röber, N., Schmidt, H., Six, K., Stemmler, I., Tamarin-Brodsky, T., Winkler, A., Zhu, X. & Stevens, B. (2018). The climate of a retrograde rotating earth. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 1191-1215. doi:10.5194/esd-9-1191-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian , F., Cao, X., Dallmeyer, A., Lohmann, G., Zhang, X., Ni, J., Andreev, A., Anderson, P., Lozhkin, A., Bezrukova, E., Rudaya, N., Xu, Q. & Herzschuh, U. (2018). Biome changes and their inferred climatic drivers in northern and eastern continental Asia at selected times since 40 cal ka bp. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 27, 365-379. doi:10.1007/s00334-017-0653-8
  • Viehberg, F., Just, J., Dean, J., Wagner, B., Franz, S., Klasen, N., Kleinen, T., Ludwig, P., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Leng, M., Rethemeyer, J., Milodowski, A., Claussen, M. & Schäbitz, F. (2018). Environmental change during MIS4 and MIS3 opened corridors in the Horn of Africa for Homo sapiens expansion. Quaternary Science Reviews, 202, 139-153. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.09.008 [ Fulltext]
  • von Storch, H., Meinke, I. & Claussen, M. (Eds.). (2018). Hamburger Klimabericht – Wissen über Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Hamburg. Berlin: Springer Spektrum. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-55379-4 [ Fulltext]
  • von Storch, H., Meinke, I. & Claussen, M. (2018). Einleitung und Zusammenfassung. In von Storch, H., Meinke, I. & Claussen, M. (Eds.), Hamburger Klimabericht – Wissen über Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Hamburg (pp.1-11). Springer Spektrum. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-55379-4_1


  • Brasseur, G., Becker, P., Claussen, M., Jacob, D., Schellhuber, H.-J. & Schuck-Zöller, S. (2017). Klimawandel in Deutschland: Einführung. In Brasseur, G., Jacob, D. & Schuck-Zöller, S. (Eds.), Klimawandel in Deutschland: Entwicklung, Folgen, Risiken und Perspektiven (pp.1 -4). Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-50397-3_1
  • Cao, X., Tian, F., Telford, R., Ni, J., Xu, Q., Chen, F., Liu, X., Stebich, M., Zhao, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Impacts of the spatial extent of pollen-climate calibration-set on the absolute values, range and trends of reconstructed Holocene precipitation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 178, 37-53. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.10.030
  • Claussen, M., Dallmeyer, A. & Bader, J. (2017). Theory and modeling of the African humid period and the green Sahara. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.532
  • Claussen, M. (2017). Klimawandel – spekulative Theorien, Kontroversen, Paradigmenwechsel?. Debatte, 17, 16-24.
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Ni, J., Cao, X., Wang, Y., Fischer , N., Pfeiffer, M., Jin , L., Khon, V., Wagner, S., Haberkorn, K. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Holocene biome changes in Asia - an analysis of different transient Earth system model simulations. Climate of the Past, 13, 107-134. doi:10.5194/cp-13-107-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S., Claussen, M., Reick, C. & Stanelle, T. (2017). Could gradual changes in Holocene Saharan landscape have caused the observed abrupt shift in North Atlantic dust deposition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 473, 104-112. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.06.010
  • Eichhorn, A. & Bader, J. (2017). Impact of tropical Atlantic sea-surface temperature biases on the simulated atmospheric circulation and precipitation over the Atlantic region: An ECHAM6 model study. Climate Dynamics, 49, 2061-2075. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3415-x [ Fulltext]
  • Ghosh, R., Müller, W., Baehr, J. & Bader, J. (2017). Impact of observed North Atlantic multidecadal variations to European summer climate: a linear baroclinic response to surface heating. Climate Dynamics, 38, 3547-3563. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3283-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Groner, V. (2017). Effects of plant diversity on simulated climate-vegetation interaction towards the end of the African Humid Period. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2479574 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., Cao, X., Dallmeyer, A., Zhao, Y., Ni, J. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Pollen-climate relationships in time (9 ka, 6 ka, 0 ka) and space (upland vs. lowland) in eastern continental Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 156, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.027
  • Wang, Y., Bekeschus, B., Handorf, D., Liu, X., Dallmeyer, A. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Coherent tropical-subtropical Holocene see-saw moisture patterns in the eastern hemisphere monsoon systems. Quaternary Science Reviews, 169, 231-242. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.06.006


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Scheffer, M., Dakos, V. & van Nes, E. (2016). Simple tipping or complex transition? Lessons from a green Sahara. PAGES Magazine, 24, 20-21. [ Fulltext]
  • Brücher, T., Brzoska, M., Claussen, M., Cook, K., Link, P., Link, J., Mbow, C. & Scheffran, J. (Eds.). (2016). Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa [Special Issue].Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa
  • Crippa, M., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Dentener, F., Guizzardi, D., Sindelarova, K., Muntean, M., Van Dingenen, R. & Granier, C. (2016). Forty years of improvements in European air quality: Regional policy-industry interactions with global impacts. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, 3825-3841. doi:10.5194/acp-16-3825-2016 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • de Vrese, P., Hagemann, S. & Claussen, M. (2016). Asian irrigation, African rain: remote impacts of irrigation. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3737-3745. doi:10.1002/2016GL068146 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S., Claussen, M., Reick, C. & Stanelle, T. (2016). The link between marine sediment records and changes in Holocene Saharan landscape: simulating the dust cycle. Climate of the Past, 12, 1009-1027. doi:10.5194/cp-12-1009-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Lasslop, G., Brovkin, V., Reick, C., Bathiany, S. & Kloster, S. (2016). Multiple stable states of tree cover in a global land surface model due to a fire-vegetation feedback. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 6324-6331. doi:10.1002/2016GL069365 [ Fulltext]
  • Latif, M., Claussen, M., Schulz, M. & Brücher, T. (2016). Comprehensive Earth system models of the last glacial cycle. EOS, 97. doi:10.1029/2016EO059587
  • Milinski, S., Bader, J., Haak, H., Siongco, A. & Jungclaus, J. (2016). High atmospheric horizontal resolution eliminates the wind-driven coastal warm bias in the southeastern tropical Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 10,455 -10,462. doi:10.1002/2016GL070530 [ Fulltext]
  • Omrani, N.-E., Bader, J., Keenlyside, N. & Manzini, E. (2016). Troposphere–stratosphere response to large-scale North Atlantic Ocean variability in an atmosphere/ocean coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 46, 1397-1415. doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2654-6
  • Park, J.-Y., Bader, J. & Matei, D. (2016). Anthropogenic Mediterranean warming essential driver for present and future Sahel rainfall. Nature Climate Change, 6, 941-945. doi:10.1038/nclimate3065
  • Port, U., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V. (2016). Radiative forcing and feedback by forests in warm climates – a sensitivity study. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 535-547. doi:10.5194/esd-7-535-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., Cao, X., Dallmeyer, A., Ni, J., Zhao, Y., Wang, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2016). Quantitative woody cover reconstructions from eastern continental Asia of the last 22 kyr reveal strong regional peculiarities. Quaternary Science Reviews, 137, 33-44. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.001
  • Voigt, A., Biasutti, M., Scheff, J., Bader, J., Bordoni, S., Codron, F., Dixon, R., Jonas, J., Kang, S., Klingaman, N., Leung, R., Lu, J., Mapes, B., Maroon, E., McDermid, S., Park, J.-Y., Roehrig, R., Rose, B., Russell, G., Seo, J., Toniazzo, T., Wei, H.-H., Yoshimori, M. & Zeppetello, L. (2016). The tropical rain belts with an annual cycle and a continent model intercomparison project: TRACMIP. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 8, 1868-1891. doi:10.1002/2016MS000748 [ Fulltext]


  • Bruecher, T., Claussen, M. & Raddatz, T. (2015). Implications of land use changes in tropical West Africa under global warming. Earth System Dynamics, 6, 769-780. doi:10.5194/esd-6-769-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M. (2015). Das große Fliegengewicht: Vegetation und ihre Wechselwirkungen mit dem globalen Klima. In Marotzke, J. & Stratmann, M. (Eds.), Die Zukunft des Klimas (pp.137-152). München: C.H. Beck.
  • Claussen, M., Scheffran, J. & Bruecher, T. (2015). Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa. EOS - Earth and Space Science News, 95.
  • Dallmeyer, A., Herzschuh, U., Claussen, M., Ni, J., Wang, Y., Mischke, S. & Cao, X. (2015). Vegetation, climate, man—Holocene variability in monsoonal Central Asia. In Schulz, M. & Paul, A. (Eds.), Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC) (pp.97-102). Cham: Springer .
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Fischer, N., Haberkorn, K., Wagner , S., Pfeiffer, M., Jin, L., Khon, V., Wang, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2015). The evolution of sub-monsoon systems in the Afro-Asian monsoon region during the Holocene comparison of different transient climate model simulations. Climate of the Past, 11, 305-326. doi:10.5194/cp-11-305-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Deutsches Klimakonsortium (2015). Perspektiven für die Klimaforschung 2015 bis 2025: Positionspapier. Berlin: DKK. [ Fulltext]
  • Drijfhout, S., Bathiany, S., Beaulieu, C., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Huntingford, C., Scheffer, M., Sgubin, G. & Swingedouw, D. (2015). Catalogue of abrupt shifts in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 112, E5777-E5786. doi:10.1073/pnas.1511451112 [ Fulltext]
  • Groner, V., Claussen, M. & Reick, C. (2015). Palaeo plant diversity in subtropical Africa – ecological assessment of a conceptual model of climate–vegetation interaction. Climate of the Past, 11, 1361-1374. doi:10.5194/cp-11-1361-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Link, M., Bruecher, T., Claussen, M., Link, J. & Scheffran, J. (2015). The nexus of climate change, land use, and conflict: complex human-environment interactions in Northern Africa. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1561-1564. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00037.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Port, U. & Claussen, M. (2015). Transitivity of the climate–vegetation system in a warm climate. Climate of the Past, 11, 1563-1574. doi:10.5194/cp-11-1563-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Port, U., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V. (2015). Radiative forcing by forest and subsequent feedbacks in the early Eocene climate. Climate of the Past Discussions, 11, 997-1029. doi:10.5194/cpd-11-997-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Seitzinger, S., Gaffney, O., Brasseur, G., Broadgate, W., Ciais, P., Claussen, M., Erisman, J., Kiefer, T., Lancelot, C., Monks, P., Smyth, K., Syvitski, J. & Uematsu, M. (2015). International Geosphere–Biosphere Programme and Earth system science: Three decades of co-evolution. Anthropocene, 12, 3-16. doi:10.1016/j.ancene.2016.01.001 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V. (2014). CO2-induced Sahel greening in CMIP5 Earth System Models. Journal of Climate, 27, 7163-7184. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00528.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M., Bathiany, S., Brovkin, V. & Kleinen, T. (2014). Abrupt or not abrupt - biodiversity affects climate-vegetation interaction at the end of the African Humid Period. In European Geoscience Union (EGU), General Assembly: Geophysical Research Abstracts (pp.EGU2014-13398-). [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Houghton, R. & House, J. (2014). Terminology as a key uncertainty in net land use and land cover change carbon flux estimates. Earth System Dynamics, 5, 177-195. doi:10.5194/esd-5-177-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Port , U. (2014). Vegetation-atmosphere interactions in the early Eocene climate. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. [ Fulltext]
  • Vamborg, F., Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M. (2014). Background albedo dynamics improve simulated precipitation variability in the Sahel region. Earth System Dynamics, 5, 89-101. doi:10.5194/esdd-4-595-2013 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S. (2013). Analysis of multistability and abrupt transitions - method studies with a global atmosphere-vegetation model simulating the end of the African Humid Period. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Hamburg University. doi:10.17617/2.1602269 [ Fulltext]
  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Fraedrich, K. (2013). Detecting hotspots of atmosphere-vegetation interaction via slowing-down. Part 2: Applications to a global climate model. Earth System Dynamics, 4, 79-83. doi:10.5194/esd-4-79-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Fraedrich, K. (2013). Detecting hotspots of atmosphere-vegetation interaction via slowing down. Part 1: A stochastic approach. Earth System Dynamics, 4, 63-78. doi:10.5194/esd-4-63-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Brovkin, V., Boysen, L., Raddatz, T., Gayler, V., Loew, A. & Claussen, M. (2013). Evaluation of vegetation cover and land-surface albedo in MPI-ESM CMIP5 simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 48-57. doi:10.1029/2012MS000169 [ Fulltext]
  • Brovkin, V., Boysen, L., Arora, V., Boisier, J., Cadule, P., Chini, L., Claussen, M., Friedlingstein, P., Gayler, V., van den Hurk, B., Hurtt, G., Jones, C., Kato, E., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Pacifico, F., Pongratz, J. & Weiss, M. (2013). Effect of anthropogenic land-use and land cover changes on climate and land carbon storage in CMIP5 projections for the 21st century. Journal of Climate, 26, 6859-6881. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00623.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M., Bathiany, S., Brovkin, V. & Kleinen, T. (2013). Simulated climate-vegetation interaction in semi-arid regions affected by plant diversity. Nature Geoscience, 6, 954-958. doi:10.1038/ngeo1962
  • Claussen, M., Selent, K., Brovkin, V., Raddatz, T. & Gayler, V. (2013). Impact of CO2 and climate on Last Glacial maximum vegetation – a factor separation. Biogeosciences, 10, 3593-3604. doi:10.5194/bg-10-3593-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Wang, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2013). Spatial variability of Holocene changes in the annual precipitation pattern - a model-data synthesis for the Asian monsoon region. Climate Dynamics, 40, 2919-2936. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1550-6 [ Fulltext]
  • Giorgetta, M., Jungclaus, J., Reick, C., Legutke, S., Bader, J., Böttinger, M., Brovkin, V., Crueger, T., Esch, M., Fieg, K., Glushak, K., Gayler, V., Haak, H., Hollweg, H.-D., Ilyina, T., Kinne, S., Kornblueh, L., Matei, D., Mauritsen, T., Mikolajewicz, U., Mueller, W., Notz, D., Pithan, F., Raddatz, T., Rast, S., Redler, R., Roeckner, E., Schmidt, H., Schnur, R., Segschneider, J., Six, K., Stockhause, M., Timmreck, C., Wegner, J., Widmann, H., Wieners, K.-H., Claussen, M., Marotzke, J. & Stevens, B. (2013). Climate and carbon cycle changes from 1850 to 2100 in MPI-ESM simulations for the coupled model intercomparison project phase 5. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 572-597. doi:10.1002/jame.20038 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J. (2013). Plant a tree, but tend it well. Nature, 498, 47-48. doi:10.1038/498047a
  • Schneider, N., Quaas, J., Claussen, M. & Reick, C. (2013). Satellite-based analysis of clouds and radiation properties of different vegetation types in the Brazilian Amazon region. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1531, 428-431.
  • Seneviratne, S., Wilhelm, M., Stanelle, T., van den Hurk, B., Hagemann, S., Berg, A., Cheruy, F., Higgins, M., Meier, A., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Dufresne, J.-L., Findell, K., Lawrence, D., Malyshev, S. & Smith, B. (2013). Impact of soil moisture-climate feedbacks on CMIP5 projections: First results from the GLACE-CMIP5 experiment. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 5212-5217. doi:10.1002/grl.50956 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., Herzschuh, U., Dallmeyer, A., Xu, Q., Mischke, S. & Biskaborn, B. (2013). Environmental variability in the monsoon-westerlies transition zone during the last 1200 years: Lake sediment analyses from central Mongolia and supra-regional synthesis. Quaternary Science Reviews, 73, 31-47. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.05.005 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Fraedrich, K. (2012). Implications of climate variability for the detection of multiple equilibria and for rapid transitions in the atmosphere-vegetation system. Climate Dynamics, 38, 1775-1790. doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1037-x [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M. (2012). Palaeoclimate: Hidden glacial carbon. Nature Geoscience, 5(1), 6-7. doi:10.1038/ngeo1351
  • Port, U., Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M. (2012). The influence of vegetation dynamics on anthropogenic climate change. Earth System Dynamics, 3, 233-243. doi:10.5194/esd-3-233-2012 [ Fulltext]


  • Berger, A., Claussen, M. & Yin, Q. (2011). Factor separation methodology and paleoclimates. In Factor separation in the atmosphere (pp.28-52). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Claussen, M. (2011). Von der Arrheniusschen Energiebilanz zum Erdsystemmodell - Gedankenmodelle und quasi-realistische numerische Klimalabore. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 110(377), 83-97. [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Herzschuh, U. & Fischer, N. (2011). Holocene vegetation and biomass changes on the Tibetan Plateau: a model-pollen data comparison. Climate of the Past, 7, 881-901. doi:10.5194/cp-7-881-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A. & Claussen, M. (2011). The influence of land cover change in the Asian monsoon region on present-day and mid-Holocene climate. Biogeosciences, 8, 1499-1519. doi:10.5194/bg-8-1499-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A. (2011). Holocene climate and vegetation change in the Asian monsoon region. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: University of Hamburg. [ Fulltext]
  • Junk, C. & Claussen, M. (2011). Simulated climate variability in the region of Rapa Nui during the last millennium. Climate of the Past, 7(2), 579-586. doi:10.5194/cp-7-579-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2011). Strength of forest-albedo feedback in mid-Holocene climate simulations. Climate of the Past, 7, 1027-1039. doi:10.5194/cp-7-1027-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Caldeira, K., Reick, C. & Claussen, M. (2011). Coupled climate-carbon simulations indicate minor global effects of wars and epidemics on atmospheric CO2 between ad 800 and 1850. The Holocene, 21, 843 -851. doi:10.1177/0959683610386981
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2011). Past land use decisions have increased mitigation potential of reforestation. Geophysical Research Letters, 38: L15701 . doi:10.1029/2011GL047848 [ Fulltext]
  • Rietkerk, M., Brovkin, V., van Bodegom, P., Claussen, M., Dekker, S., Dijkstra, H., Goryachkin, S., Kabat, P., van Nes, E., Neutel, A.-M., Nicholson, S., Nobre, C., Petoukhov, V., Provenzale, A., Scheffer, M. & Seneviratne, S. (2011). Local ecosystem feedbacks and critical transitions in the climate. Ecological Complexity, 8(3), 223-228. doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2011.03.001
  • Roeckner, E., Giorgetta, M., Crueger, T., Esch, M. & Pongratz, J. (2011). Historical and future anthropogenic emission pathways derived from coupled climate-carbon cycle simulations. Climatic Change, 105, 91-108. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9886-6
  • Schmidt, G., Jungclaus, J., Ammann, C., Bard, E., Braconnot, P., Crowley, T., Delaygue, G., Joos, F., Krivova, N., Muscheler, R., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pongratz, J., Shindell, D., Solanki, S., Steinhilber, F. & Vieira, L. (2011). Climate forcing reconstructions for use in PMIP simulations of the last millennium (v1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 4, 33-45. doi:10.5194/gmd-4-33-2011 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Vamborg, F., Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M. (2011). The effect of dynamic background albedo scheme on Sahel/Sahara precipitation during the Mid-Holocene. Climate of the Past, 7, 117-131. doi:10.5194/cp-7-117-2011 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Raddatz, T. & Gayler, V. (2010). Combined biogeophysical and biogeochemical effects of large-scale forest cover changes in the MPI earth system model. Biogeosciences, 7, 1383-1399. doi:10.5194/bg-7-1383-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M. & Otto, J. (2010). Contribution of oceanic and vegetation feedbacks to Holocene climate change in Central and Eastern Asia. Climate of the Past, 6, 195-218. doi:10.5194/cp-6-195-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Ganopolski, A., Calov, R. & Claussen, M. (2010). Simulation of the last glacial cycle with a coupled climate ice-sheet model of intermediate complexity. Climate of the Past, 6(2), 229-244. doi:10.5194/cp-6-229-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Hibbard, K., Janetos, A., van Vuuren, D., Pongratz, J., Rose, S., Betts, R., Herold, M. & Feddema, J. (2010). Research priorities in land use and land-cover change for the Earth system and integrated assessment modelling. International Journal of Climatology, 30(13), 2118-2128. doi:10.1002/joc.2150
  • Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Timmreck, C., Reick, C., Brovkin, V., Six, K., Segschneider, J., Giorgetta, M., Crowley, T., Pongratz, J., Krivova, N., Vieira, L., Solanki, S., Klocke, D., Botzet, M., Esch, M., Gayler, V., Haak, H., Raddatz, T., Roeckner, E., Schnur, R., Widmann, H., Claussen, M., Stevens, B. & Marotzke, J. (2010). Climate and carbon-cycle variability over the last millennium. Climate of the Past, 6, 723-737. doi:10.5194/cp-6-723-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J. (2010). Interactions between climate and vegetation at high northern latitudes during the mid-Holocene. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Hamburg University. doi:10.17617/2.993697 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2010). Biogeophysical versus biogeochemical climate response to historical anthropogenic land cover change. Geophysical Research Letters, 37: L08702. doi:10.1029/2010GL043010 [ Fulltext]
  • Reick, C., Raddatz, T., Pongratz, J. & Claussen, M. (2010). Contribution of anthropogenic land cover change emissions to preindustrial atmospheric CO2. Tellus B, 62, 329-336. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00479.x [ Fulltext]
  • Ries, H., Schluenzen, K., Bruemmer, B., Claussen, M. & Mueller, G. (2010). Impact of surface parameter uncertainties on the development of a trough in the Fram Strait region. Tellus - A, 62, 377-392. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00451.x [ Fulltext]
  • Wohlfahrt, J. (2010). Validation of climate system models with mid-Holocene palaeobotanic data for the Northern Extratropics. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Hamburg University. doi:10.17617/2.993720 [ Fulltext]


  • Brovkin, V., Raddatz, T., Reick, C., Claussen, M. & Gayler, V. (2009). Global biogeophysical interactions between forest and climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L07405. doi:10.1029/2009GL037543 [ Fulltext]
  • Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., Kubatzki, C. & Claussen, M. (2009). Mechanisms and time scales of glacial inception simulated with an earth system model of intermediate complexity. Climate of the Past, 5(2), 245-258. doi:10.5194/cp-5-245-2009 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M. (2009). Late Quaternary vegetation-climate feedbacks. Climate of the Past, 5, 203-216. doi:10.5194/cp-5-203-2009 [ Fulltext]
  • Crucifix, M., Claussen, M., Ganssen, G., Guiot, J., Guo, Z., Kiefer, T., Loutre, M., Rousseau, D. & Wolff, E. (2009). Preface 'Climate change: from the geological past to the uncertain future - a symposium honouring André Berger. Climate of the Past, 5, 707-711.
  • Otto, J., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2009). Climate variability-induced uncertainty in mid-Holocene atmosphere-ocean-vegetation feedbacks. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L23710. doi:10.1029/2009GL041457 [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J., Raddatz, T., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V. & Gayler, V. (2009). Separation of atmosphere-ocean-vegetation feedbacks and synergies for mid-Holocene climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L09701. doi:10.1029/2009GL037482. [ Fulltext]
  • Pitman, A., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Cruz, F., Davin, E., Bonan, G., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Delire, C., Ganzefeld, L., Gayler, V., van den Hurk, B., Lawrence, P., van der Molen, M., Müller, C., Reick, C., Seneviratne, S., Strengers, B. & Voldoire, A. (2009). Uncertainties in climate responses to past land cover change: First results from the LUCID intercomparison study. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L14814. doi:10.1029/2009GL039076 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2009). Effects of anthropogenic land cover change on the carbon cycle of the last millennium. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23: GB4001. doi:10.1029/2009GB003488
  • Pongratz, J. & Reick, C. (2009). Landwirtschaft pflügt das Klima um. Max Planck Forschung, 2009(4), 77-82. [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Reick, C., Esch, M. & Claussen, M. (2009). Radiative forcing from anthropogenic land cover change since AD 800. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L02709. doi:10.1029/2008GL03639 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J. (2009). A model estimate on the effect of anthropogenic land cover change on the climate of the last millennium. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: University of Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.993955 [ Fulltext]


  • Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M. (2008). Comment on “Climate-Driven Ecosystem Succession in the Sahara: The Past 6000 Years". Science, 322, 1326b-1326b. doi:10.1126/science.1163381
  • Claussen, M. (2008). Holocene rapid land cover change – evidence and theory. In Battarbee, R. & Binney, H. (Eds.), Natural Climate Variability and Global Warming (pp.232-253). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Claussen, M. (2008). Dynamik der Sahara im Klimawandel des mittleren und späten Holozäns. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 108(373), 151-164.
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2008). A reconstruction of global land use and land cover for the last millennium. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22: GB3018. doi:10.1029/2007GB003153 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M. (2008). A global land cover reconstruction AD 800 to 1992: Technical description. Berichte zur Erdsystemforschung, 51. [ Fulltext]
  • Tjallingii, R., Claussen, M., Stuut, J.-B., Fohlmeister, J., Jahn, A., Bickert, T., Lamy, F. & Ohl, U. (2008). Coherent high- and low-latitude control of the northwest African hydrological balance. Nature Geoscience, 1, 670-675. doi:10.1038/ngeo289
  • Trusilova, K., Jung, M., Churkina, G., Karstens, U., Heimann, M. & Claussen, M. (2008). Urbanization impacts on the climate in Europe: Numerical experiments by the PSU-NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5). Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 1442-1455. doi:10.1175/2007JAMC1624.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Wohlfahrt, J., Harrison, S., Braconnot, P., Hewitt, C., Kitoh, A., Mikolajewicz, J., Otto-Bliesner, B. & Weber, S. (2008). Evaluation of coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations of the mid-Holocene using palaeovegetation data from the northern hemisphere extratropics. Climate Dynamics, 31(6), 871-890. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0415-5 [ Fulltext]


  • Jin, L., Chen, F., Ganopolski, A. & Claussen, M. (2007). Response of East Asian climate to Dansgaard/Oeschger and Heinrich events in a coupled model of intermediate complexity. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D6). doi:10.1029/2006JD007316 [ Fulltext]
  • Kubatzki, C., Claussen, M., Calov, R. & Ganopolski, A. (2007). Modelling the end of an interglacial (MIS 1, 5, 7, 9, 11). In Sirocko, F., Claussen, M., Goni, M. & Litt, T. (Eds.), The climate of past interglacials (pp.583-593). Amsterdam: Elsevier.


  • Claussen, M., Fohlmeister, J., Ganopolski, A. & Brovkin, V. (2006). Vegetation dynamics amplifies precessional forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 33: L09709. doi:10.1029/2006GL026111 [ Fulltext]
  • Kubatzki, C., Claussen, M., Calov, R. & Ganopolski, A. (2006). Sensitivity of the last glacial inception to initial and surface conditions. Climate Dynamics, 27(4), 333-344. doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0136-6
  • Pongratz, J., Bounoua, L., DeFries, R., Morton, D., Anderson, L., Mauser, W. & Klink, C. (2006). The impact of land cover change on surface energy and water balance in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Earth Interactions, 10: 19. doi:10.1175/EI176.1