• Mechanisms of seasonal-to-decadal climate variability, predictability and predictions.
  • The potential of sub-seasonal-to-decadal scale inter-linkages in the Arctic, Mid-latitudes and Tropics to enhance the prediction of climate variations and trends in extreme weather events.
  • Mechanisms driving the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation variations, their potential predictability and associated impacts. Ocean’s role in seasonal-to-decadal climate variations and predictions.
  • Tropical climate interannual variability. ENSO dynamics and its potential changes under global warming conditions.
  • Deciphering the role of natural versus anthropogenic forcings in driving historical/last millenium climate variations.
  • Ocean-Atmosphere interactions and their representation in the state-of-art climate models.
  • Seasonal-to-decadal ecosystem predictions