Publications of the Department The Ocean in the Earth System
  • Ayarzaguena, B., Manzini, E., Calvo, N. & Matei, D.(2021). Interaction between decadal-to-multidecadal oceanic variability and sudden stratospheric warmings. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, early view. doi:10.1111/nyas.14663
  • Barbi, D., Wieters, N., Gierz, P., Andrés-Martínez, M., Ural, D., Chegini, F., Khosravi, S. & Cristini, L. (2021). ESM-Tools version 5.0: A modular infrastructure for stand-alone and coupled Earth system modelling (ESM). Geoscientific Model Development, 14, 4051-4067. doi:10.5194/gmd-14-4051-2021 [ Fulltext]
  • Becker, M., Olsen, A., Landschützer, P., Omar, A., Rehder, G., Rödenbeck, C. & Skjelvan, I. (2021). The northern European shelf as an increasing net sink for CO2. Biogeosciences, 18, 1127-1147. doi:10.5194/bg-18-1127-2021 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Bloch-Johnson, J., Rugenstein, M., Stolpe, M., Rohrschneider, T., Zheng , Y. & Gregory, J. (2021). Climate sensitivity increases under higher CO2 levels due to feedback temperature dependence. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL089074. doi:10.1029/2020GL089074 [ Fulltext]
  • Burt, D., Fröb, F. & Ilyina, T.(2021). The sensitivity of the marine carbonate system to regional ocean alkalinity enhancement. Frontiers in Climate, 3: 624076. doi:10.3389/fclim.2021.624075 [ Fulltext]
  • Couldrey, M., Gregory, J., Boeira Dias, F., Dobrohotoff, P., Domingues, C., Garuba, O., Griffies, S., Haak, H., Hu, A., Ishii, M., Jungclaus, J., Köhl, A., Marsland, S., Ojha, S., Saenko, O., Savita, A., Shao, A., Stammer, D., Suzuki, T., Todd, A. & Zanna, L. (2021). What causes the spread of model projections of ocean dynamic sea-level change in response to greenhouse gas forcing?. Climate Dynamics, 56, 155-187. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05471-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Fröhlich, K., Dobrynin, M., Isensee, K., Gessner, C., Paxian, A., Pohlmann, H., Haak, H., Brune, S., Früh, B. & Baehr, J. (2021). The German Climate Forecast System: GCFS. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13: e2020MS002101. doi:10.1029/2020MS002101 [ Fulltext]
  • Giesse , C., Notz, D. & Baehr, J. (2021). On the origin of discrepancies between observed and simulated memory of Arctic Sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL091784. doi:10.1029/2020GL091784 [ Fulltext]
  • Gloege, L., McKinley, G., Landschuetzer, P., Fay, A., Froelicher, T., Fyfe, J., Ilyina, T., Jones, S., Lovenduski, N., Rodgers, K., Schlunegger, S. & Takano, Y.(2021). Quantifying errors in observationally based estimates of ocean carbon sink variability. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 35: e2020GB006788. doi:10.1029/2020GB006788 [ Fulltext]
  • Gutjahr, O., Brüggemann , N., Haak, H., Jungclaus, J., Putrasahan, D., Lohmann, K. & von Storch, J.(2021). Comparison of ocean vertical mixing schemes in the Max Planck Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM1.2). Geophysical Model Development, 14, 2317-2349. doi:10.5194/gmd-14-2317-2021 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hansen, E., Sandvik, H., Erikstad, K., Yoccoz, N., Anker-Nilssen, T., Bader, J., Descamps, S., Hodges, K., Mesquita, M., Reiertsen, T. & Varpe, Ø. (2021). Centennial relationships between ocean temperature and Atlantic puffin production reveal shifting decennial trends. Global Change Biology, early view. doi:10.1111/gcb.15665
  • Heinrich, H., Schmidt, C., Roettig, C., Ziemen, F., Mikolajewicz, U. & Faust, D. (2021). Massive deposition of Sahelian dust on the Canary Island Lanzarote during North Atlantic Heinrich Events. Quaternary Research, 101, 51-66. doi:10.1017/qua.2020.100
  • Held, H., Engels, A., Marotzke, J. & Stammer, D. (2021). Implications for climate futures. In Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J. & et al, . (Eds.), Hamburg Climate Futures Outlook 2021: Assessing the plausibility of deep decarbonization by 2050 (pp.63-64). Hamburg: Cluster of Excellence Climate, Climatic Change, and Society (CLICCS). [ Fulltext]
  • Held, H., Aykut, S., Hedemann, C., Li, C., Marotzke, J., Petzold, J. & Schneider, U. (2021). Plausibility of model-based emissions scenarios. In Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J. & et al, . (Eds.), Hamburg Climate Futures Outlook 2021: Assessing the plausibility of deep decarbonization by 2050 (pp.21-26). Hamburg: Cluster of Excellence Climate, Climatic Change, and Society (CLICCS). [ Fulltext]
  • Ilyina, T., Li, H., Spring, A., Müller, W., Bopp, L., Chikamoto, M., Danabasoglu, G., Dobrynin, M., Dunne, J., Fransner, F., Friedlingstein, P., Lee, W.-S., Lovenduski, N., Merryfield, W., Mignot, J., Park, J.-Y., Séférian, R., Sospedra-Alfonso, R., Watanabe, M. & Yeager, S. (2021). Predictable variations of the carbon sinks and atmospheric CO2 growth in a multi-model framework. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL090695. doi:10.1029/2020GL090695 [ Fulltext]
  • Jones, C., Hickman, J., Rumbold, S., Walton, J., Lamboll, R., Skeie, R., Fiedler, S., Forster, P., Rogelj, J., Abe, M., Botzet, M., Calvin, K., Cassou, C., Cole, J., Davini, P., Deushi, M., Dix, M., Fyfe, J., Gillett, N., Ilyina, T., Kawamiya, M., Kelley, M., Kharin, S., Koshiro, T., Li, H., Mackallah, C., Müller, W., Nabat, P., van Noije, T., Nolan, P., Ohgaito, R., Olivié, D., Oshima, N., Parodi, J., Reerink, T., Ren, L., Romanou, A., Séférian, R., Tang, Y., Timmreck, C., Tjiputra, J., Tourigny, E., Tsigaridis, K., Wang, H., Wu, M., Wyser, K., Yang, S., Yang, Y. & Ziehn, T. (2021). The climate response to emissions reductions due to COVID-19: Initial results from CovidMIP. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL091883. doi:10.1029/2020GL091883
  • Kageyama, M., Harrison, S., Kapsch, M.-L., Lofverstrom, M., Lora, J., Mikolajewicz, U., Sherriff-Tadano, S., Vadsaria, T., Abe-Ouchi, A., Bouttes, N., Chandan, D., Gregoire, L., Ivanovic, R., Izumi, K., LeGrande, A., Lhardy, F., Lohmann, G., Morozova, P., Ohgaito, R., Paul, A., Peltier, W., Poulsen, C., Quiquet, A., Roche, D., Shi, X., Tierney, J., Valdes, P., Volodin, E. & Zhu, J. (2021). The PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments: preliminary results and comparison with the PMIP3-CMIP5 simulations. Climate of the Past, 17, 1065-1089. doi:10.5194/cp-17-1065-2021 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Kapsch, M.-L., Mikolajewicz, U., Ziemen, F., Rodehacke, C. & Schannwell, C.(2021). Analysis of the surface mass balance for deglacial climate simulations. The Cryosphere, 15, 1131-1156. doi:10.5194/tc-15-1131-2021 [ Fulltext]
  • Karthäuser, C., Ahmerkamp , S., Marchant, H., Bristow, L., Hauss, H., Kiko, R., Maerz, J., Lavik, G. & Kuypers, M. (2021). Small sinking particles control anammox rates in the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone. Nature Communications, 12: 3235. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23340-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Koenigk, T., Fuentes-Franco, R., Meccia, V., Gutjahr, O., Jackson, L., New, A., Ortega, P., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Arsouze, T., Iovino, D., Moine, M.-P. & Sein, D. (2021). Deep mixed ocean volume in the Labrador Sea in HighResMIP models. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-021-05785-x
  • Korn, P.(2021). Strong solvability of a variational data assimilation problem for the primitive equations of large-scale atmosphere and ocean dynamics. Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31: 56. doi:10.1007/s00332-021-09707-3 [ Fulltext]
  • Korn, P.(2021). Global well-posedness of the ocean primitive equations with nonlinear thermodynamics. Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics, 23: 71. doi:10.1007/s00021-021-00596-w [ Fulltext]
  • Lacroix, F., Ilyina, T., Laruelle, G. & Regnier, P. (2021). Reconstructing the preindustrial coastal Carbon cycle through a global ocean circulation model: was the global continental shelf already both autotrophic and a CO2 sink?. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 35: e2020GB006603. doi:10.1029/2020GB006603 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Liu , F., Mikolajewicz, U. & Six, K.(in press). Drivers of the decadal variability of the North Ionian Gyre upper layer circulation during 1910-2010: a regional modelling study. Climate Dynamics, online first. doi:10.1007/s00382-021-05714-y
  • Lüschow, V., Marotzke, J. & von Storch, J.(2021). Overturning response to a surface wind stress doubling in an eddying and a non-eddying ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51, 1007-1020. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-20-0176.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Maher, N., Milinski, S. & Ludwig, R. (2021). Large ensemble climate model simulations: Introduction, overview, and future prospects for utilising multiple types of large ensemble. Earth System Dynamics, 12, 401-418. doi:10.5194/esd-12-401-2021 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Maher, N., Power, S. & Marotzke, J.(2021). More accurate quantification of model-to-model agreement in externally forced climatic responses over the coming century. Nature Communications, 12: 788. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20635-w [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J., Hedemann, C., Milinski, S. & Suarez-Gutierrez, L.(2021). Which temperature trends can we expect for the 21st century. In Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J. & et al, . (Eds.), Hamburg Climate Futures Outlook 2021: Assessing the plausibility of deep decarbonization by 2050 (pp.53-59). Hamburg: Cluster of Excellence Climate, Climatic Change, and Society (CLICCS). [ Fulltext]
  • Mayer, B., Duesterhus, A. & Baehr, J. (2021). When does the Lorenz 1963 model exhibit the signal-to-noise paradox?. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL089283. doi:10.1029/2020GL089283 [ Fulltext]
  • McGregor, S., Khodri, M., Maher, N., Ohba, M., Pausata, F. & Stevenson, S. (2021). The effect of strong volcanic eruptions on ENSO. In El Niño Southern Oscillation in a changing climate (pp.267-287). Hoboken; Washington: Wiley / American Geophysical Union. doi:10.1002/9781119548164.ch12
  • Moemken, J., Feldmann, H., Pinto, J., Buldmann, B., Laube, N., Kadow, C., Paxian, A., Tiedje, B., Kottmeier, C. & Marotzke, J.(2021). The regional MiKlip decadal prediction system for Europe: Hindcast skill for extremes and user-oriented variables. International Journal of Climatology, 41, E1944-E1958. doi:10.1002/joc.6824 [ Fulltext]
  • Müller, O., Vidale, P., Vannière, B., Schiemann, R., Senan, R., Haarsma, R. & Jungclaus, J.(2021). Land–atmosphere coupling sensitivity to GCMs resolution: a multimodel assessment of local and remote processes in the Sahel hot spot. Journal of Climate, 34, 967-985. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0303.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Pihl, E., Alfredsson, E., Bengtsson, M., Bowen, K., Broto, V., Chou, K., Cleugh, H., Ebi, K., Edwards, C., Fisher, E., Friedlingstein, P., Godoy-Faúndez, A., Gupta, M., Harrington, A., Hayes, K., Hayward, B., Hebden, S., Hickmann, T., Hugelius, G., Ilyina, T., Jackson, R., Keenan, T., Lambino, R., Leuzinger, S., Malmaeus, M., McDonald, R., McMichael, C., Miller, C., Muratori, M., Nagabhatla, N., Nagendra, H., Passarello, C., Penuelas, J., Pongratz, J., Rockström, J., Romero-Lankao, P., Roy, J., Scaife, A., Schlosser, P., Schuur, E., Scobie, M., Sherwood, S., Sioen, G., Skovgaard, J., Sobenes Obregon, E., Sonntag, S., Spangenberg, J., Spijkers, O., Srivastava, L., Stammer, D., Torres, P., Turetsky, M., Ukkola, A., van Vuuren, D., Voigt, C., Wannous, C. & Zelinka, M. (2021). Ten new insights in climate science 2020 - A Horizon scan. Global Sustainability, 4: e5. doi:10.1017/sus.2021.2 [ Fulltext]
  • Putrasahan, D., Gutjahr, O., Haak, H., Jungclaus, J., Lohmann, K., Roberts, M. & von Storch, J.(2021). Effect of resolving ocean eddies on the transient response of global mean surface temperature to abrupt 4xCO2 forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 48: e2020GL092049. doi:10.1029/2020GL092049 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Ruprich-Robert, Y., Moreno-Chamarro, E., Levine, X., Bellucci, A., Cassou, C., Castruccio, F., Davini, P., Eade, R., Gastineau, G., Hermanson, L., Hodson, D., Lohmann, K., Lopez-Parages, J., Monerie, P.-A., Nicoli, D., Qasmi, S., Roberts, C., Sanchez-Gomez, E., Danabasoglu, G., Dunstone, N., Martin-Rey, M., Msadek, R., Robson, J., Smith, D. & Tourigny, E. (2021). Impacts of Atlantic multidecadal variability on the tropical Pacific: a multi-model study. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 4: 33. doi:10.1038/s41612-021-00188-5 [ Fulltext]
  • Spring, A.(2021). Internal variability and potential predictability of the global carbon cycle in a perfect-model framework. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3289580 [ Fulltext]
  • Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J., Gresse, E., Hedemann, C. & Petzold, J. (2021). Epistemological challenges for assessing plausibility. In Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J. & et al, . (Eds.), Hamburg Climate Futures Outlook 2021: Assessing the plausibility of deep decarbonization by 2050 (pp.15-18). Hamburg: Cluster of Excellence Climate, Climatic Change, and Society (CLICCS). [ Fulltext]
  • Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J., Gresse, E., Hedemann, C. & Petzold, J. (Eds.). (2021). Hamburg Climate Futures Outlook 2021: Assessing the plausibility of deep decarbonization by 2050. Hamburg: Cluster of Excellence Climate, Climatic Change, and Society (CLICCS). doi:10.25592/uhhfdm.9104 [ Fulltext]
  • Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J., Gresse, E., Hedemann, C. & Petzold, J. (2021). Introduction. In Stammer, D., Engels, A., Marotzke, J. & et al, . (Eds.), Hamburg Climate Futures Outlook 2021: Assessing the plausibility of deep decarbonization by 2050 (pp.11-13). Hamburg: Cluster of Excellence Climate, Climatic Change, and Society (CLICCS). [ Fulltext]
  • Stephan, C., Schnitt, S., Schulz, H., Bellenger, H., de Szoeke, S., Acquistapace, C., Baier , K., Dauhut, T., Laxenaire, R., Morfa-Avalos, Y., Person, R., Meléndez, E., Bagheri, G., Böck, T., Daley, A., Güttler, J., Helfer, K., Los, S., Neuberger, A., Röttenbacher, J., Raeke, A., Ringel, M., Ritschel, M., Sadoulet, P., Schirmacher, I., Stolla, M., Wright, E., Charpentier, B., Doerenbecher, A., Wilson, R., Jansen, F., Kinne, S., Reverdin, G., Speich, S., Bony, S. & Stevens, B.(2021). Ship- and island-based atmospheric soundings from the 2020 EUREC4A field campaign. Earth System Science Data, 18, 491-514. doi:10.5194/essd-13-491-2021 [ Fulltext]
  • Stevens, B., Bony, S., Farrell, D., Ament, F., Blyth, A., Fairall, C., Karstensen, J., Quinn, P., Speich, S., Acquistapace, C., Aemisegger, F., Albright, A., Bellenger, H., Bodenschatz, E., Caesar, K.-A., Chewitt-Lucas, R., de Boer, G., Delanoë, J., Denby, L., Ewald, F., Fildier, B., Forde, M., George, G., Gross, S., Hagen, M., Hausold, A., Heywood, K., Hirsch, L., Jacob, M., Jansen, F., Kinne, S., Klocke, D., Kölling, T., Konow, H., Lothon, M., Mohr, W., Naumann, A., Nuijens, L., Olivier, L., Pincus, R., Pöhlker, M., Reverdin, G., Roberts, G., Schnitt, S., Schulz, H., Siebesma, A., Stephan, C., Sullivan, P., Touzé-Peiffer, L., Vial, J., Vogel, R., Zuidema, P., Alexander, N., Alves, L., Arixi, S., Asmath, H., Bagheri, G., Baier , K., Bailey, A., Baranowski, D., Baron, A., Barrau, S., Barrett, P., Batier, F., Behrendt, A., Bendinger, A., Beucher, F., Bigorre, S., Blades, E., Blossey, P., Bock, O., Böing, S., Bosser, P., Bourras, D., Bouruet-Aubertot, P., Bower, K., Branellec, P., Branger, H., Brennek, M., Brewer, A., Brilouet, P.-E., Brügmann, B., Buehler, S., Burke, E., Burton, R., Calmer, R., Canonici, J.-C., Carton, X., Cato, G., Charles, J., Chazette, P., Chen, Y., Chilinski, M., Choularton, T., Chuang, P., Clarke, S., Coe, H., Cornet, C., Coutris, P., Couvreux, F., Crewell, S., Cronin, T., Cui, Z., Cuypers, Y., Daley, A., Damerell, G., Dauhut, T., Deneke, H., Desbios, J.-P., Dörner, S., Donner, S., Douet, V., Drushka, K., Dütsch, M., Ehrlich, A., Emanuel, K., Emmanouilidis, A., Etienne, J.-C., Etienne-Leblanc, S., Faure, G., Feingold, G., Ferrero, L., Fix, A., Flamant, C., Flatau, P., Foltz, G., Forster, L., Furtuna, I., Gadian, A., Galewsky, J., Gallagher, M., Gallimore, P., Gaston, C., Gentemann, C., Geyskens, N., Giez, A., Gollop, J., Gouirand, I., Gourbeyre, C., de Graaf, D., de Groot, G., Grosz, R., Güttler, J., Gutleben, M., Hall, K., Harris, G., Helfer, K., Henze, D., Herbert, C., Holanda, B., Ibanez-Landeta, A., Intrieri, J., Iyer, S., Julien, F., Kalesse, H., Kazil, J., Kellman, A., Kidane, A., Kirchner, U., Klingebiel, M., Körner, M., Kremper, L., Kretzschmar, J., Krüger, O., Kumala, W., Kurz, A., L'Hégaret, P., Labaste, M., Lachlan-Cope, T., Laing, A., Landschützer, P., Lang, T., Lange, D., Lange, I., Laplace, C., Lavik, G., Laxenaire, R., Le Bihan, C., Leandro, M., Lefevre, N., Lena, M., Lenschow, D., Li, Q., Lloyd, G., Los, S., Losi, N., Lovell, O., Luneau, C., Makuch, P., Malinowski, S., Manta, G., Marinou, E., Marsden, N., Masson, S., Maury, N., Mayer, B., Mayers-Als, M., Mazel, C., McGeary, W., McWilliams, J., Mech, M., Mehlmann, M., Meroni, A., Mieslinger, T., Minikin, A., Minnett, P., Möller, G., Morfa Avalos, Y., Muller, C., Musat, I., Napoli, A., Neuberger, A., Noisel, C., Noone, D., Nordsiek, F., Nowak, J., Oswald, L., Parker, D., Peck, C., Person, R., Philippi, M., Plueddemann, A., Pöhlker, C., Pörtge, V., Pöschl, U., Pologne, L., Posyniak, M., Prange, M., Meléndez, E., Radtke, J., Ramage, K., Reimann, J., Renault, L., Reus, K., Reyes, A., Ribbe, J., Ringel, M., Ritschel, M., Rocha, C., Rochetin, N., Röttenbacher, J., Rollo, C., Royer, H., Sadoulet, P., Saffin, L., Sandiford, S., Sandu, I., Schäfer, M., Schemann, V., Schirmacher, I., Schlenczek, O., Schmidt, J., Schröder, M., Schwarzenboeck, A., Sealy, A., Senff, C., Serikov, I., Shohan, S., Siddle, E., Smirnov, A., Späth, F., Spooner, B., Stolla, M., Szkółka, W., de Szoeke, S., Tarot, S., Tetoni, E., Thompson, E., Thomson, J., Tomassini, L., Totems, J., Ubele, A., Villiger, L., von Arx, J., Wagner, T., Walther, A., Webber, B., Wendisch, M., Whitehall, S., Wiltshire, A., Wing, A., Wirth, M., Wiskandt, J., Wolf, K., Worbes, L., Wright, E., Wulfmeyer, V., Young, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, D., Ziemen, F., Zinner, T. & Zöger, M. (in press). EUREC4A. Earth System Science Data, preprint online. doi:10.5194/essd-2021-18
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Maher, N. & Milinski, S.(2021). Exploiting large ensembles for a better yet simpler climate model evaluation. Climate Dynamics, available online.. doi:10.1007/s00382-021-05821-w [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Thomas, M., France, J., Crabeck, O., Hall, B., Hof, V., Notz, D., Rampai, T., Riemenschneider, L., John Tooth, O., Tranter, M. & Kaiser, J. (2021). The Roland von Glasow Air-Sea-Ice Chamber (RvG-ASIC): An experimental facility for studying ocean-sea-ice-atmosphere interactions. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14, 1833-1849. doi:10.5194/amt-14-1833-2021 [ Fulltext]
  • Vietinghoff, D., Heine, C., Böttinger, M., Maher, N., Jungclaus, J. & Scheuermann, G. (2021). Visual analysis of spatio-temporal trends in time-dependent ensemble data sets on the example of the North Atlantic Oscillation. In IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium (pp.71-80).
  • Arora, V., Katavouta, A., Williams, R., Jones, C., Brovkin, V., Friedlingstein, P., Schwinger, J., Bopp, L., Boucher, O., Cadule, P., Chamberlain, M., Christian, J., Delire, C., Fisher, R., Hajima, T., Ilyina, T., Joetzjer, E., Kawamiya, M., Koven, C., Krasting, J., Law, R., Lawrence, D., Lenton, A., Lindsay, K., Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Seferian, R., Tachiiri, K., Tjiputra, J., Wiltshire, A., Wu, T. & Ziehn, T. (2020). Carbon-concentration and carbon-climate feedbacks in CMIP6 models and their comparison to CMIP5 models. Biogeosciences, 17, 4173-4222. doi:10.5194/bg-17-4173-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Ayarzagüena, B., Charlton-Perez, A.-J., Butler, A., Hitchcock, P., Simpson, I., Polvani, L., Butchart, N., Gerber, E., Gray, L., Lin, P., Lott, F., Manzini, E., Mizuta, R., Orbe, C., Osprey, S., Saint-Martin, D., Sigmond, M., Taguchi, M., Volodin, E. & Watanabe, S. (2020). Uncertainty in the response of sudden stratospheric warmings and stratosphere-troposphere coupling to quadrupled CO2 concentrations in CMIP6 models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125: e2019JD032345. doi:10.1029/2019JD032345 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Bader, J., Jungclaus, J., Krivova, N., Lorenz, S., Maycock, A., Raddatz, T., Schmidt, H., Toohey, M., Wu, C.-J. & Claussen, M.(2020). Global temperature modes shed light on the Holocene temperature conundrum. Nature Communications, 11: 4726. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18478-6 [ Fulltext]
  • Bador, M., Boé, J., Terray, L., Alexander, L., Bellucci, A., Haarsma, R., Koenigk, T., Moine, M.-P., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Scoccimarro, E., Schiemann, R., Seddon, J., Senan, R., Valcke, S. & Vanniere, B. (2020). Impact of higher spatial atmospheric resolution on precipitation extremes over land in global climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125: e2019JD032184. doi:10.1029/2019JD032184 [ Fulltext]
  • Bellouin, N., Quaas, J., Gryspeerdt, E., Kinne, S., Stier, P., Watson-Parris, D., Boucher, O., Carslaw, K., Christensen, M., Daniau, A.-L., Dufresne, J.-L., Feingold, G., Fiedler, S., Forster, P., Gettelman, A., Haywood, J., Malavelle, F., Lohmann, U., Mauritsen, T., McCoy, D., Myhre, G., Mülmenstädt, J., Neubauer, D., Possner, A., Rugenstein, M., Sato, Y., Schulz, M., Schwartz, S., Sourdeval, O., Storelvmo, T., Toll, V., Winker, D. & Stevens, B.(2020). Bounding aerosol radiative forcing of climate change. Reviews of Geophysics, 58: e2019RG000660. doi:10.1029/2019RG000660 [ Fulltext]
  • Bloch-Johnson, J., Rugenstein, M. & Abbot, D. (2020). Spatial radiative feedbacks from internal variability using multiple regression. Journal of Climate, 33, 4121-4140. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0396.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Blockley, E., Vancoppenolle, M., Hunke, E., Bitz, C., Feltham, D., Lemieux, J.-F., Losch, M., Maisonnave, E., Notz, D., Rampal, P., Tietsche, S., Tremblay, B., Turner, A., Massonnet, F., Ólason, E., Roberts, A., Aksenov, Y., Fichefet, T., Garric, G., Iovino, D., Madec, G., Rousset, C., Salas y Melia, D. & Schroeder, D. (2020). The future of sea ice modelling: where do we go from here?. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101, E1304-E1311. [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Boe, J., Terray, L., Moine, M.-P., Valke, S., Bellucci, A., Drijfhout, S., Haarsma, R., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Scoccimarro, E., Seddon, J., Senan, R. & Wyser, K. (2020). Past long-term summer warming over western Europe in new generation climate models: role of large-scale atmospheric circulation. Environmental Research Letters, 15. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab8a89 [ Fulltext]
  • Burgard, C., Notz, D., Pedersen, L. & Tonboe, R. (2020). The Arctic Ocean Observation Operator for 6.9 GHz (ARC3O) - Part 2: Development and evaluation. The Cryosphere, 14, 2387-2407. doi:10.5194/tc-14-2387-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Burgard, C., Notz, D., Pedersen, L. & Tonboe, R. (2020). The Arctic Ocean Observation Operator for 6.9 GHz (ARC3O) - Part 1: How to obtain sea-ice brightness temperatures at 6.9 GHz from climate model output. The Cryosphere, 14, 2369-2386. doi:10.5194/tc-14-2369-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Carroll, D., Menemenlis, D., Adkins, J., Bowman, K., Brix, H., Dutkiewicz, S., Fenty, I., Gierach, M., Hill, C., Jahn, O., Landschützer, P., Lauderdale, J., Liu, J., Manizza, M., Naviaux, J., Rödenbeck, C., Schimel, D., Van der Stocken, T. & Zhang, H. (2020). The ECCO‐Darwin data‐assimilative global ocean biogeochemistry model: Estimates of seasonal to multi‐decadal surface ocean pCO2 and air‐sea CO2 flux. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12: e2019MS001888. doi:10.1029/2019MS001888 [ Fulltext]
  • Chegini, M., Bernard, J., Cui, J., Chegini, F., Sourin, A., Andrews, K. & Schreck, T. (2020). Interactive visual labelling versus active learning: an experimental comparison. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 21, 524-535. doi:10.1631/FITEE.1900549
  • D'Agostino, R., Scambiati, A., Jungclaus, J. & Lionello, P. (2020). Poleward shift of northern subtropics in winter: time of emergence of zonal versus regional signals. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2020GL089325. doi:10.1029/2020GL089325 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • D'Agostino, R., Brown, J., Moise, A., Nguyen, H., Silva Dias, P. & Jungclaus, J.(2020). Contrasting southern hemisphere monsoon response: mid-Holocene orbital forcing versus future greenhouse-gas induced global warming. Journal of Climate, 33, 9595-9613. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0672.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Lorenz, S. & Shanahan, T. (2020). The end of the African humid period as seen by transient comprehensive Earth system model simulation of the last 8000 years. Climate of the Past, 16, 117-140. doi:10.5194/cp-16-117-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Demory, M.-E., Berthou, S., Fernández, J., Sørland, S., Brogli, R., Roberts, M., Beyerle, U., Seddon, J., Haarsma, R., Schär, C., Buonomo, E., Christensen, O., Ciarlo, J., Fealy, R., Nikulin, G., Peano, D., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C., Senan, R., Steger, C., Teichmann, C. & Vautard, R. (2020). European daily precipitation according to EURO-CORDEX regional climate models (RCMs) and high-resolution global climate models (GCMs) from the High-Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP). Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 5485-5506. doi:10.5194/gmd-13-5485-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Deser, C., Lehner, F., Rodgers, K., Ault, T., Delworth, T., DiNezio, P., Fiore, A., Frankignoul, C., Fyfe, J., Horton, D., Kay, J., Knutti, R., Lovenduski, N., Marotzke, J., McKinnon, K., Minobe, S., Randerson, J., Screen, J., Simpson, I. & Ting, M., (US CLIVAR Working Group on Large Ensembles) (2020). Insights from Earth system model initial-condition large ensembles and future prospects. Nature Climate Change, 10, 277-286. doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0731-2
  • Engels, A. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Klimaentwicklung und Klimaprognosen. Politikum, 6(2), 4-12.
  • Erokhina, O.(2020). A new Eulerian iceberg module for climate studies: Formulation and application to the investigation of the sensitivity of the AMOC to iceberg calving. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3270743 [ Fulltext]
  • Fettweis, X., Hofer, S., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Amory, C., Aoki, T., Berends, C., Born, A., Box, J., Delhasse, A., Fujita, K., Gierz, P., Goelzer, H., Hanna, E., Hashimoto, A., Huybrechts, P., Kapsch, M.-L., King, M., Kittel, C., Lang, C., Langen, P., Lenaerts, J., Liston, G., Lohmann, G., Mernild, S., Mikolajewicz, U., Modali, K., Mottram, R., Niwano, M., Noël, B., Ryan, J., Smith, A., Streffing, J., Tedesco, M., van de Berg, W., van den Broeke, M., van de Wal, R., van Kampenhout, L., Wilton, D., Wouters, B., Ziemen, F. & Zolles, T. (2020). GrSMBMIP: Intercomparison of the modelled 1980-2012 surface mass balance over the Greenland Ice sheet. The Cryosphere, 14, 3935-3953. doi:10.5194/tc-14-3935-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Fiedler, S., Crueger, T., D'Agostino, R., Peters, K., Becker, T., Leutwyler, D., Paccini, L., Burdanowitz, J., Buehler, S., Uribe, A., Dauhut, T., Dommenget, D., Fraedrich, K., Jungandreas, L., Maher, N., Naumann, A., Rugenstein, M., Sakradzija, M., Schmidt, H., Sielmann, F., Stephan, C., Timmreck, C., Zhu , X. & Stevens, B.(2020). Simulated tropical precipitation assessed across three major phases of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP). Monthly Weather Review, 148, 3653-3680. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-19-0404.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Friedlingstein, P., O'Sullivan, M., Jones, M., Andrew, R., Hauck, J., Olsen, A., Peters, G., Peters, W., Pongratz, J., Sitch, S., Le Quéré, C., Canadell, J., Ciais, P., Jackson, R., Alin, S., Aragão, L., Arneth, A., Arora, V., Bates, N., Becker, M., Benoit-Cattin, A., Bittig, H., Bopp, L., Bultan, S., Chandra, N., Chevallier, F., Chini, L., Evans, W., Florentie, L., Forster, P., Gasser, T., Gehlen, M., Gilfillan, D., Gkritzalis, T., Gregor, L., Gruber, N., Harris, I., Hartung, K., Haverd, V., Houghton, R., Ilyina, T., Jain, A., Joetzjer, E., Kadono, K., Kato, E., Kitidis, V., Korsbakken, J., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Liu, Z., Lombardozzi, D., Marland, G., Metzl, N., Munro, D., Nabel, J., Nakaoka, S.-I., Niwa, Y., O'Brien, K., Ono, T., Palmer, P., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Resplandy, L., Robertson, E., Rödenbeck, C., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Smith, A., Sutton, A., Tanhua, T., Tans, P., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Werf, G., Vuichard, N., Walker, A., Wanninkhof, R., Watson, A., Willis, D., Wiltshire, A., Yuan, W., Yue, X. & Zaehle, S. (2020). Global carbon budget 2020. Earth System Science Data, 12, 3269-3340. doi:10.5194/essd-12-3269-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Fröb, F., Sonntag, S., Pongratz, J., Schmidt, H. & Ilyina, T.(2020). Detectability of artificial ocean alkalinization and stratospheric aerosol injection in MPI-ESM. Earth's Future, 8: e2020EF001634. doi:10.1029/2020EF001634 [ Fulltext]
  • Gronholz, A., Dong, S., Lee, S.-K., Lopez, H., Goni, G. & Baringer, M. (2020). Interannual variability of the South Atlantic Ocean heat content in a high-resolution versus a low-resolution general circulation model. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2020GL089908. doi:10.1029/2020GL089908
  • Hand, R., Bader, J., Matei, D., Ghosh, R. & Jungclaus, J.(2020). Changes of decadal SST variations in the Subpolar North Atlantic under strong CO2 forcing as an indicator for the ocean circulation’s contribution to Atlantic Multidecadal Variability. Journal of Climate, 33, 3213-3228. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0739.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hauck, J., Zeising, M., Le Quere, C., Gruber, N., Bakker, D., Bopp, L., Chau, T., Guerses, O., Ilyina, T., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Resplandy, L., Roedenbeck, C., Schwinger, J. & Seferian, R. (2020). Consistency and challenges in the ocean carbon sink estimate for the global carbon budget. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7: 571720. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.571720 [ Fulltext]
  • Hermanson, L., Bilbao, R., Dunstone, N., Ménégoz, M., Ortega, P., Pohlmann, H., Robson, J., Smith, D., Strand, G., Timmreck, C., Yeager, S. & Danabasoglu, G. (2020). Robust multiyear climate impacts of volcanic eruptions in decadal prediction systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125: e2019JD031739. doi:10.1029/2019JD031739 [ Fulltext]
  • Hewitt, H., Roberts, M., Mathiot, P., Biastoch, A., Blockley, E., Chassignet, E., Fox-Kemper, B., Hyder, P., Marshall, D., Popova, E., Treguier, A.-M., Zanna, L., Yool, A., Yu, Y., Beadling, R., Bell, M., Kuhlbrodt, T., Arsouze, T., Bellucci, A., Castruccio, F., Gan, B., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C., Van Roekel, L. & Zhang, Q. (2020). Resolving and parameterising the ocean mesoscale in Earth System Models. Current Climate Change Reports, 6, 137-152. doi:10.1007/s40641-020-00164-w [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hohenegger, C., Kornblueh, L., Klocke, D., Becker, T., Cioni, G., Engels , J., Schulzweida, U. & Stevens, B.(2020). Climate statistics in global simulations of the atmosphere from 80 to 2.5 km grid spacing. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 98(Spec. Ed. on DYAMOND, 2020), 73-91. doi:10.2151/jmsj.2020-005 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Huang, X., Zhou, T., Dai, A., Li, H., Li, C., Chen, X., Lu, J. & von Storch, J.(2020). South Asian summer monsoon projections constrained by the Intedacadal Pacific Oscillation. Science Advances, 6: eaay6546. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aay6546 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hurtt, G., Chini, L., Sahajpal, R., Frolking, S., Bodirsky, B., Calvin, K., Doelman, J., Fisk, J., Fujimori, S., Goldewijk, K., Hasegawa, T., Havlik, P., Heinimann, A., Humpenöder, F., Jungclaus, J., Kaplan, J., Kennedy, J., Krisztin, T., Lawrence, D., Lawrence, P., Ma, L., Mertz, O., Pongratz, J., Popp, A., Poulter, B., Riahi, K., Shevliakova, E., Stehfest, E., Thornton, P., Tubiello, F., van Vuuren, D. & Zhang, X. (2020). Harmonization of global land-use change and management for the period 850-2100 (LUH2) for CMPIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 5425-5464: 241. doi:10.5194/gmd-13-5425-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Keil, P., Mauritsen, T., Jungclaus, J., Hedemann, C., Olonscheck, D. & Ghosh, R.(2020). Multiple drivers of the North Atlantic warming hole. Nature Climate Change, 10, 667-671. doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0819-8 [ Fulltext]
  • Keppler, L., Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Lauvset, S. & Stemmler, I. (2020). Seasonal carbon dynamics in the near-global ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34: e2020GB006571. doi:10.1029/2020GB006571 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Keppler, L.(2020). Variability of the contemporary Southern Ocean carbon fluxes and storage. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3243301 [ Fulltext]
  • Kerimoglu, O., Voynova, Y., Chegini, F., Brix, H., Callies, U., Hofmeister, R., Klingbeil, K., Schrum, C. & van Beusekom, J. (2020). Interactive impacts of meteorological and hydrological conditions on the physical and biogeochemical structure of a coastal system. Biogeosciences, 17, 5097-5127. doi:10.5194/bg-17-5097-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Kern, S., Lavergne, T., Notz, D., Pedersen, L. & Tonboe, R. (2020). Satellite passive microwave sea-ice concentration data set inter-comparison for Arctic summer conditions. The Cryosphere, 14, 2469-2493. doi:10.5194/tc-14-2469-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Kleinen, T., Mikolajewicz, U. & Brovkin, V.(2020). Terrestrial methane emissions from the Last Glacial Maximum to the preindustrial period. Climate of the Past, 16, 575-595. doi:10.5194/cp-16-575-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Klockmann, M., Mikolajewicz, U., Kleppin, H. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Coupling of the subpolar gyre and the overturning circulation during abrupt glacial climate transitions. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2020GL090361. doi:10.1029/2020GL090361 [ Fulltext]
  • Koenigk, T., Bärring, L., Matei, D., Nikulin, G., Strandberg, G., Tyrlis, E., Wang, S. & Wilcke, R. (2020). On the contribution of internal climate variability to European future climate trends. Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 72, 1-17. doi:10.1080/16000870.2020.1788901 [ Fulltext]
  • Koul, V., Tesdal, J.-E., Bersch, M., Hátún, H., Brune, S., Borchert, L., Haak, H., Schrum, C. & Baehr, J. (2020). Unraveling the choice of the north Atlantic subpolar gyre index. Scientific Reports, 10: 1005. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-57790-5 [ Fulltext]
  • Kwiatkowski, L., Torres, O., Bopp, L., Aumont, O., Chamberlain, M., Christian, J., Dunne, J., Gehlen, M., Ilyina, T., John, J., Lenton, A., Li, H., Lovenduski, N., Orr, J., Palmieri, J., Santana-Falcon, Y., Schwinger, J., Seferian, R., Stock, C., Tagliabue, A., Takano, Y., Tjiputra, J., Toyama, K., Tsujino, H., Watanabe, M., Yamamoto, A., Yool, A. & Ziehn, T. (2020). Twenty-first century ocean warming, acidification, deoxygenation, and upper-ocean nutrient and primary production decline from CMIP6 modelprojections. Biogeosciences, 17, 3439-3470. doi:10.5194/bg-17-3439-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Lacroix, F., Ilyina, T. & Hartmann, J. (2020). Oceanic CO2 outgassing and biological production hotspots induced by pre-industrial river loads of nutrients and carbon in a global modeling approach. Biogeosciences, 17, 55-88. doi:10.5194/bg-17-55-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Lacroix, F.(2020). Riverine and coastal ocean contributions to global and regional oceanic cycling of carbon and nutrients. Phd Thesis, Bruxelles: Université Libre de Bruxelles. doi:10.17617/2.3220907 [ Fulltext]
  • Landschützer, P., Laruelle, G., Roobaert, A. & Regnier, P. (2020). A uniform pCO(2) climatology combining open and coastal oceans. Earth System Science Data, 12, 2537-2553. doi:10.5194/essd-12-2537-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Lang, A.(2020). Extreme high sea levels in the German Bight: Past variability and future changes. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3243031 [ Fulltext]
  • Lang, A. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2020). Rising extreme sea levels in the German Bight under enhanced CO2 levels: a regionalized large ensemble approach for the North Sea. Climate Dynamics, 55, 1829-1842. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05357-5 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Lehner, F., Deser, C., Maher, N., Marotzke, J., Fischer, E., Brunner, L., Knutti, R. & Hawkins, E. (2020). Partitioning climate projection uncertainty with multiple large ensembles and CMIP5/6. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 491-508. doi:10.5194/esd-11-491-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Leroy, S., Arpe, K., Mikolajewicz, U. & Wu, J. (2020). Climate simulations and pollen data reveal the distribution and connectivity of temperate tree populations in eastern Asia during the Last Glacial Maximum. Climate of the Past, 16, 2039-2054. doi:10.5194/cp-16-2039-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Li, C., Held, H., Hokamp, S. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Optimal temperature overshoot profile found by limiting global sea level rise as a lower-cost climate target. Science Advances, 6: eaaw9490. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaw9490 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, Y., Thompson, D. & Olonscheck, D.(2020). A basic effect of cloud radiative effects on tropical sea-surface temperature variability. Journal of Climate, 33, 4333-4346. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0298.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, Z. & von Storch, J.(2020). M2 internal-tide generation in STORMTIDE2. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125: e2019JC015453. doi:10.1029/2019JC015453 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Liang, Y.-C., Kwon, Y.-O., Frankignoul, C., Danabasoglu, G., Yeager, S., Cherchi, A., Gao, Y., Gastineau, G., Ghosh, R., Matei, D., Mecking, J., Peano, D., Suo, L. & Tian, T. (2020). Quantification of the Arctic sea ice-driven atmospheric circulation variability in coordinated large ensemble simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL08539. doi:10.1029/2019GL085397 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Löb, J., Köhler, J., Mertens, C., Walter, M., Li, Z., von Storch, J., Zhao, Z. & Rhein, M. (2020). Observations of the low-mode internal tide and its interaction with mesoscale flow south of the Azores. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125: e2019JC015879. doi:10.1029/2019JC015879 [ Fulltext]
  • Lüschow, V.(2020). The deep western boundary current in an eddying ocean. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3243036 [ Fulltext]
  • Maerz, J., Six, K., Stemmler, I., Ahmerkamp, S. & Ilyina, T.(2020). Microstructure and composition of marine aggregates as co-determinants for vertical particulate organic carbon transfer in the global ocean. Biogeosciences, 17, 1765-1803. doi:10.5194/bg-17-1765-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Maher, N., Lehner, F. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Quantifying the role of internal variability in the climate we will observe in the coming decades. Environmental Research Letters, 15: 054014. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab7d02 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J., Semmann, D. & Milinski, M. (2020). The economic interaction between climate change mitigation, climate migration, and poverty. Nature Climate Change, 10, 518-525. doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0783-3 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Mathis, M. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2020). The impact of melt water discharge from the Greenland ice sheet on the Atlantic nutrient supply to the Northwest European Shelf. Ocean Science, 16, 167-193. doi:10.5194/os-16-167-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Matthews, H., Tokarska, K., Nicholls, Z., Rogelj, J., Canadell, J., Friedlingstein, P., Frölicher, T., Forster, P., Gillett, N., Ilyina, T., Jackson, R., Jones, C., Koven, C., Knutti, R., MacDougall, A., Meinshausen, M., Mengis, N., Séférian, R. & Zickfeld, K. (2020). Opportunities and challenges in using remaining carbon budgets to guide climate policy. Nature Geoscience, 13, 769-779. doi:10.1038/s41561-020-00663-3
  • Melo-Aguilar, C., Fidel González-Rouco, J., García-Bustamante, E., Steinert, N., Jungclaus, J., Navarro, J. & Roldán-Gómez, J. (2020). Methodological and physical biases in global to subcontinental borehole temperature reconstructions: An assessment from a pseudo-proxy perspective. Climate of the Past, 16, 453-474. doi:10.5194/cp-16-453-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Merryfield, W., Baehr, J., Batté, L., Becker, E., Butler, A., Coelho, C., Danabasoglu, G., Dirmeyer, P., Doblas-Reyes, F., Domeisen, D., Ferranti, L., Ilyina, T., Kumar, A., Müller, W., Rixen, M., Robertson, A., Smith, D., Takaya, Y., Tuma, M., Vitart, F., White, C., Alvarez, M., Ardilouze, C., Attard, H., Baggett, C., Balmaseda, M., Beraki, A., Bhattacharjee, P., Bilbao, R., de Andrade, F., DeFlorio, M., Díaz, L., Ehsan, M., Fragkoulidis, G., Grainger, S., Green, B., Hell, M., Infanti, J., Isensee, K., Kataoka, T., Kirtman, B., Klingaman, N., Lee, J.-Y., Mayer, K., McKay, R., Mecking, J., Miller, D., Neddermann , N., Ng, C., Ossó, A., Pankatz, K., Peatman, S., Pegion, K., Perlwitz, J., Recalde-Coronel, G., Reintges, A., Renkl, C., Solaraju-Murali, B., Spring, A., Stan, C., Sun, Y., Tozer, C., Vigaud, N., Woolnough, S. & Yeager, S. (2020). Current and emerging developments in subseasonal to decadal prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101, E869-E896. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0037.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Milinski, S., Maher, N. & Olonscheck, D.(2020). How large does a large ensemble need to be. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 885-901. doi:10.5194/esd-11-885-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Molteni, F., Roberts, C., Senan, R., Keeley, S., Bellucci, A., Corti, S., Fuentes Franco, R., Haarsma, R., Levine, X., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, M. & Terray, L. (2020). Boreal-winter teleconnections with tropical Indo-Pacific rainfall in HighResMIP historical simulations from the PRIMAVERA project. Climate Dynamics, 55, 1843-1873. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05358-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Müller, W., Borchert, L. & Ghosh, R.(2020). Observed subdecadal variations of European summer temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL086043. doi:10.1029/2019GL086043 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D., Dörr, J., Bailey, D., Blockley, E., Bushuk, M., Debernard, J., Dekker, E., DeRepentigny, P., Docquier, D., Fučkar, N., Fyfe, J., Jahn, A., Holland, M., Hunke, E., Iovino, D., Khosravi, N., Massonnet, F., Madec, G., O'Farrell, S., Petty, A., Rana, A., Roach, L., Rosenblum, E., Rousset, C., Semmler, T., Stroeve, J., Tremblay, B., Toyoda, T., Tsujino, H. & Vancoppenolle, M. (2020). Arctic sea ice in CMIP6. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL086749. doi:10.1029/2019GL086749 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Oelsmann, J., Borchert, L., Hand, R., Baehr, J. & Jungclaus, J.(2020). Linking ocean forcing and atmospheric interactions to Atlantic multidecadal variability in MPI-ESM1.2. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2020GL087259. doi:10.1029/2020GL087259 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Olonscheck, D., Rugenstein, M. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Broad consistency between observed and simulated trends in the sea surface temperature patterns. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL086773. doi:10.1029/2019GL086773 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Perry, S., McGregor, S., Sen Gupta, A., England, M. & Maher, N.(2020). Projected late 21st century changes to the regional impacts of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Climate Dynamics, 54, 395-412. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-05006-6 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Rehder, Z., Niederdrenk, A., Kaleschke, L. & Kutzbach, L. (2020). Analyzing links between simulated Laptev Sea sea ice and atmospheric conditions over adjoining landmasses using causal-effect networks. The Cryosphere, 14, 4201-4215. doi:10.5194/tc-14-4201-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Reimann, L. & von Storch, J.(2020). A phase-space consideration of changing climate-PDF. Climate Dynamics, 54, 2633-2662. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05130-8
  • Renoult, M., Annan, J., Hargreaves, J., Sagoo, N., Flynn, C., Kapsch, M.-L., Mikolajewicz, U., Ohgaito, R. & Mauritsen, T. (2020). A Bayesian framework for emergent constraints: case studies of climate sensitivity with PMIP. Climate of the Past, 16, 1715-1735. doi:10.5194/cp-16-1715-2020 [ Fulltext]
  • Roach, L., Doerr, J., Holmes, C., Massonnet, F., Blockley, E., Notz, D., Rackow, T., Raphael, M., O'Farrell, S., Bailey, D. & Bitz, C. (2020). Antarctic sea ice area in CMIP6. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL086729. doi:10.1029/2019GL086729 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Roberts, M., Jackson, L., Roberts, C., Meccia, V., Docquier, D., Koenigk, T., Ortega, P., Moreno-Chamarro, E., Bellucci, A., Coward, A., Drijfhout, S., Exarchou, E., Gutjahr, O., Hewitt, H., Iovino, D., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D., Schiemann, R., Seddon, J., Terray, L., Xu, X., Zhang, Q., Chang, P., Yeager, S., Castruccio, F., Zhang, S. & Wu, L. (2020). Sensitivity of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to model resolution in CMIP6 HighResMIP simulations and implications for future changes. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12: e2019MS002014. doi:10.1029/2019MS002014 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Roberts, M., Camp, J., Seddon, J., Vidale, P., Hodges, K., Vanniere, B., Mecking, J., Haarsma, R., Bellucci, A., Scoccimarro, E., Caron, L.-P., Chauvin, F., Terray, L., Valcke, S., Moine, M.-P., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C., Senan, R., Zarzycki, C. & Ullrich, P. (2020). Impact of model resolution on tropical cyclone simulation using the HighResMIP-PRIMAVERA multimodel ensemble. Journal of Climate, 33, 2557-2583. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0639.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Rugenstein, M., Bloch‐Johnson, J., Gregory, J., Andrews, T., Mauritsen, T., Li, C., Frölicher, T., Paynter, D., Danabasoglu, G., Yang, S., Dufresne, J., Cao, L., Schmidt, G., Abe‐Ouchi, A., Geoffroy, O. & Knutti, R. (2020). Equilibrium climate sensitivity estimated by equilibrating climate models. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL083898. doi:10.1029/2019GL083898 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Schiemann, R., Athanasiadis, P., Barriopedro, D., Doblas-Reyes, F., Lohmann, K., Roberts, M., Sein, D., Roberts, C., Terray, L. & Vidale, P. (2020). Northern Hemisphere blocking simulation in current climate models: evaluating progress from the Climate Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 to 6 and sensitivity to resolution. Weather and Climate Dynamics, 1, 277-292. doi:10.5194/wcd-1-277-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Schlunegger, S., Rodgers, K., Sarmiento, J., Ilyina, T., Dunne, J., Takano, Y., Christian, J., Long, M., Frolicher, T., Slater, R. & Lehner, F. (2020). Time of emergence and large ensemble intercomparison for ocean biogeochemical trends. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34: e2019GB006453. doi:10.1029/2019GB006453 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Seferian, R., Berthet, S., Yool, A., Palmieri, J., Bopp, L., Tagliabue, A., Kwiatkowski, L., Aumont, O., Christian, J., Dunne, J., Gehlen, M., Ilyina, T., John, J., Li, H., Long, M., Luo, J., Nakano, H., Romanou, A., Schwinger, J., Stock, C., Santana-Falcon, Y., Takano, Y., Tjiputra, J., Tsujino, H., Watanabe, M., Wu, T., Wu, F. & Yamamoto, A. (2020). Tracking improvement in simulated marine biogeochemistry between CMIP5 and CMIP6. Current Climate Change Reports, 6, 95-115. doi:10.1007/s40641-020-00160-0 [ Fulltext]
  • Sherwood, S., Webb, M., Annan, J., Armour, K., Forster, P., Hargreaves, J., Hegerl, G., Klein, S., Marvel, K., Rohling, E., Watanabe, M., Andrews, T., Braconnot, P., Bretherton, C., Foster, G., Hausfather, Z., Heydt, A., Knutti, R., Mauritsen, T., Norris, J., Proistosescu, C., Rugenstein, M., Schmidt, G., Tokarska, K. & Zelinka, M. (2020). An assessment of earth's climate sensitivity using multiple lines of evidence. Reviews of Geophysics, 58: e2019RG000678. doi:10.1029/2019RG000678
  • Smith, D., Eade, R., Scaife, A., Caron, L.-P., Danabasoglu, G., DelSole, T., Delworth, T., Doblas-Reyes, F., Dunstone, N., Hermanson, L., Kharin, V., Kimoto, M., Merryfield, W., Mochizuki, T., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H., Yeager, S. & Yang, X. (2020). Author Correction: Robust skill of decadal climate predictions (npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, (2019), 2: 13, 10.1038/s41612-019-0071-y). npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 3: 15. doi:10.1038/s41612-020-0118-0 [ Fulltext]
  • Smith, D., Scaife, A., Eade, R., Athanasiadis, P., Bellucci, A., Bethke, I., Bilbao, R., Borchert, L., Caron, L.-P., Counillon, F., Danabasoglu, G., Delworth, T., Doblas-Reyes, F., Dunstone, N., Estella-Perez, V., Flavoni, S., Hermanson, L., Keenlyside, N., Kharin, V., Kimoto, M., Merryfield, W., Mignot, J., Mochizuki, T., Modali, K., Monerie, P.-A., Müller, W., Nicolí, D., Ortega, P., Pankatz, K., Pohlmann, H., Robson, J., Ruggieri, P., Sospedra-Alfonso, R., Swingedouw, D., Wang, Y., Wild, S., Yeager, S., Yang, X. & Zhang, L. (2020). North Atlantic climate far more predictable than models imply. Nature, 583, 796-800. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2525-0
  • Spring, A. & Ilyina, T.(2020). Predictability horizons in the global carbon cycle inferred from a perfect-model framework. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2019GL085311. doi:10.1029/2019GL085311 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Spring, A., Ilyina, T. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Inherent uncertainty disguises attribution of reduced atmospheric CO2 growth to CO2 emission reductions for up to a decade. Environmental Research Letters, 15: 114058. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abc443 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Stockdale, T., Kim, Y.-H., Anstey, J., Palmeiro, F., Butchart, N., Scaife, A., Andrews, M., Bushell, A., Dobrynin, M., Garcia-Serrano, J., Hamilton, K., Kawatani, Y., Lott, F., McLandress, C., Naoe, H., Osprey, S., Pohlmann, H., Scinocca, J., Watanabe, S., Yoshida, K. & Yukimoto, S. (in press). Prediction of quasi-biennial oscillation with a multi-model ensemble of QBO-resolving models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, online early. doi:10.1002/qj.3919
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Müller, W., Li, C. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Hotspots of extreme heat under global warming. Climate Dynamics, 55, 429-447. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05263-w [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Müller, W., Li, C. & Marotzke, J.(2020). Dynamical and thermodynamical drivers of variability in European summer heat extremes. Climate Dynamics, 54, 4351-4366. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05233-2 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Maher, N. & Milinski, S.(2020). Evaluating the internal variability and forced response in Large Ensembles.. US CLIVAR Variations, 18, 27-35. doi:10.5065/0DSY-WH17 [ Fulltext]
  • Tyrlis, E., Bader, J., Manzini, E. & Matei, D.(in press). Reconciling different methods of high‐latitude blocking detection. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, online first. doi:10.1002/qj.3960 [ Fulltext]
  • Tyrlis, E., Bader, J., Manzini, E., Ukita, J., Hisahi, N. & Matei, D.(2020). On the role of ural blocking in driving the Warm-Arctic - Cold-Siberia pattern. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 146, 2138-2153. doi:10.1002/qj.3784 [ Fulltext]
  • Watson, A., Schuster, U., Shutler, J., Holding, T., Ashton, I., Landschützer, P., Woolf, D. & Goddijn-Murphy, L. (2020). Revised estimates of ocean-atmosphere CO2 flux are consistent with ocean carbon inventory. Nature Communications, 11: 4422. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18203-3 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Wilcke, R., Kjellström, E., Lin, C., Matei, D., Moberg, A. & Tyrlis, E.(2020). The extremely warm summer of 2018 in Sweden - Set in a historical context. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 1107-1121. doi:10.5194/esd-11-1107-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Yin, S.-Y., Wang, T., Hua, W., Miao, J.-P., Gao, Y.-Q., Fu, Y.-H., Matei, D., Tyrlis, E. & Chen, D. (2020). Mid-summer surface air temperature and its internal variability over China at 1.5 °C and 2 °C global warming. Advances in Climate Change Research, 11, 185-197. doi:10.1016/j.accre.2020.09.005 [ Fulltext]
  • Žagar, N., Kosovelj, K., Manzini, E., Horvat, M. & Castanheira, J. (2020). An assessment of scale-dependent variability and bias in global prediction models. Climate Dynamics, 54, 287-306. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-05001-x [ Fulltext]
  • Akperov, M., Rinke, A., Mokhov, I., Matthes, H., Semenov, V., Adakudlu, M., Cassano, J., Christensen, J., Dembitskaya, M., Dethloff, K., Fettweis, X., Glisan, J., Gutjahr, O., Heinemann, G., Koenigk, T., Koldunov, N., Laprise, R., Mottram, R., Nikiéma, O., Parfenova, M., Scinocca, J., Sein, D., Sobolowski, S., Winger, K. & Zhang, W. (2019). Trends of intense cyclone activity in the Arctic from reanalyses data and regional climate models (Arctic-CORDEX). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 231: 012003. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/231/1/012003 [ Fulltext]
  • Akperov, M., Rinke, A., Mokhov, I., Semenov, V., Parfenova, M., Matthes, H., Adakudlu, M., Boberg, F., Christensen, J., Dembitskaya, M., Dethloff, K., Fettweis, X., Gutjahr, O., Heinemann, G., Koenigk, T., Koldunov, N., Laprise, R., Mottram, R., Nikiéma, O., Sein, D., Sobolowski, S., Winger, K. & Zhang, W. (2019). Future projections of cyclone activity in the Arctic for the 21st century from regional climate models (Arctic-CORDEX). Global and Planetary Change, 182: 103005. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.103005
  • Borchert, L., Pohlmann, H., Baehr, J., Neddermann, N.-C., Suarez-Gutierrez, L. & Müller, W.(2019). Decadal predictions of the probability of occurrence for warm summer temperature extremes. Geophysical Research Letters, 16, 14042-14051. doi:10.1029/2019GL085385 [ Fulltext]
  • Borchert, L., Düsterhus, A., Brune, S., Müller, W. & Baehr, J. (2019). Forecast-oriented assessment of decadal hindcast skill for North Atlantic SST. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 11444-11454. doi:10.1029/2019GL084758 [ Fulltext]
  • Brovkin, V., Lorenz, S., Raddatz, T., Ilyina, T., Heinze , M., Stemmler, I., Toohey, M. & Claussen, M.(2019). What was the source of the atmospheric CO2 increase during Holocene?. Biogeosciences, 16, 2543-2555. doi:10.5194/bg-16-2543-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Burgard, C.(2019). Rethinking the relationship between the observed, simulated and real Arctic sea-ice evolution. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3165898 [ Fulltext]
  • Bushinsky, S., Landschützer, P., Rödenbeck, C., Gray, A., Baker, D., Mazloff, M., Resplandy, L., Johnson, K. & Sarmiento, J. (2019). Reassessing southern ocean air‐sea CO2 flux estimates with the addition of biogeochemical float observations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33, 1370-1388. doi:10.1029/2019GB006176 [ Fulltext]
  • D'Agostino, R., Bader, J., Bordoni, S., Ferreira, D. & Jungclaus, J.(2019). Northern hemisphere monsoon response to mid-holocene orbital forcing and greenhouse gas-induced global warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1591-1601. doi:10.1029/2018GL081589 [ Fulltext]
  • Dai, Y. & Tan, B. (2019). On the Role of the eastern Pacific teleconnection in ENSO impacts on wintertime weather over East Asia and North America. Journal of Climate, 32, 1217-1234. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0789.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • de Souza, M., Mathis, M. & Pohlmann, T. (2019). Driving mechanisms of the variability and long-term trend of the Brazil–Malvinas confluence during the 21st century. Climate Dynamics, 53, 6453-6468. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04942-7
  • DeVries, T., Le Quéré, C., Andrews, O., Berthet, S., Hauck, J., Ilyina, T., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Lima, I., Nowicki, M., Schwinger, J. & Séférian, R. (2019). Decadal trends in the ocean carbon sink. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116, 11646-11651. doi:10.1073/pnas.1900371116 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Dolaptchiev, S., Achatz, U. & Reitz, T.(2019). Planetary geostrophic Boussinesq dynamics: Barotropic flow, baroclinic instability and forced stationary waves. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 145, 3751-3765. doi:10.1002/qj.3655 [ Fulltext]
  • Feldmann, H., Pinto, J., Laube, N., Uhlig, M., Moemken, J., Pasternack, A., Früh, B., Pohlmann, H. & Kottmeier, C. (2019). Skill and added value of the MiKlip regional decadal prediction system for temperature over Europe. Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 71, 1-19. doi:10.1080/16000870.2019.1618678 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Friedlingstein, P., Jones, M., O'Sullivan, M., Andrew, R., Hauck, J., Peters, G., Peters, W., Pongratz, J., Sitch, S., Le Quéré, C., Bakker, D., Canadell, J., Ciais, P., Jackson, R., Anthoni, P., Barbero, L., Bastos, A., Bastrikov, V., Becker, M., Bopp, L., Buitenhuis, E., Chandra, N., Chevallier, F., Chini, L., Currie, K., Feely, R., Gehlen, M., Gilfillan, D., Gkritzalis, T., Goll, D., Gruber, N., Gutekunst, S., Harris, I., Haverd, V., Houghton, R., Hurtt, G., Ilyina, T., Jain, A., Joetzjer, E., Kaplan, J., Kato, E., Klein Goldewijk, K., Korsbakken, J., Landschützer, P., Lauvset, S., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Marland, G., McGuire, P., Melton, J., Metzl, N., Munro, D., Nabel, J., Nakaoka, S.-I., Neill, C., Omar, A., Ono, T., Peregon, A., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Resplandy, L., Robertson, E., Rödenbeck, C., Séférian, R., Schwinger, J., Smith, N., Tans, P., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., Tubiello, F., van der Werf, G., Wiltshire, A. & Zaehle, S. (2019). Global carbon budget 2019. Earth System Science Data, 11, 1783-1838. doi:10.5194/essd-2019-183 [ Fulltext]
  • Fröb, F., Olsen, A., Becker, M., Chafik, L., Johannessen, T., Reverdin, G. & Omar, A. (2019). Wintertime fCO2 variability in the subpolar North Atlantic since 2004. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1580-1590. doi:10.1029/2018GL080554 [ Fulltext]
  • Geden, O., Peters, G. & Scott, V. (2019). Targeting carbon dioxide removal in the European Union. Climate Policy, 19, 487-494. doi:10.1080/14693062.2018.1536600 [ Fulltext]
  • Ghosh, R., Müller, W., Eichhorn, A., Baehr, J. & Bader, J.(2019). Atmospheric pathway between Atlantic multidecadal variability and European summer temperature in the atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM6. Climate Dynamics, 53, 209-224. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4578-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Gruber, N., Landschützer, P. & Lovenduski, N. (2019). The variable southern ocean carbon sink. Annual Review of Marine Science, 11, 159-186. doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-121916-063407
  • Gutjahr, O., Putrasahan, D., Lohmann, K., Jungclaus, J., von Storch, J., Brüggemann , N., Haak, H. & Stoessel, A. (2019). Max Planck Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM1.2) for High-Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP). Geoscientific Model Development, 12, 3241-3281. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-3241-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Hand, R., Keenlyside , N., Omrani, N.-E., Bader, J. & Greatbatch, R. (2019). The role of local surface temperature pattern changes in shaping climate change in the North Atlantic sector. Climate Dynamics, 52, 417-438. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4151-1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hegerl, G., Broennimann, S., Cowan, T., Friedman, A., Hawkins, E., Iles, C., Müller, W., Schurer, A. & Undorf, S. (2019). Causes of climate change over the historical record. Environmental Research Letters, 14: 123006. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab4557 [ Fulltext]
  • Ilyina, T. & Heinze, M.(2019). Carbonate dissolution enhanced by ocean stagnation and respiration at the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 842-852. doi:10.1029/2018GL080761 [ Fulltext]
  • Izquierdo, A. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2019). The role of tides in the spreading of Mediterranean outflow waters along the Southwestern Iberian margin. Ocean Modelling, 133, 27-43. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2018.08.003 [ Fulltext]
  • Jones, C., Frölicher, T., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Damon Matthews, H., Zickfeld, K., Rogelj, J., Tokarska, K., Gillett, N., Ilyina, T., Meinshausen, M., Mengis, N., Séférian, R., Eby, M. & Burger, F. (2019). The Zero Emissions Commitment Model Intercomparison Project (ZECMIP) contribution to C4MIP: Quantifying committed climate changes following zero carbon emissions. Geoscientific Model Development, 12, 4375-4385. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-4375-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Kapsch, M.-L., Skific, N., Graversen, R., Tjernström, M. & Francis, J. (2019). Summers with low Arctic sea ice linked to persistence of spring atmospheric circulation patterns. Climate Dynamics, 52, 2497-2512. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4279-z [ Fulltext]
  • Keppler, L. & Landschützer, P.(2019). Regional wind variability modulates the Southern Ocean Carbon sink. Scientific Reports, 9: 7384. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-43826-y [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Kern, S., Lavergne, T., Notz, D., Pedersen, L., Tonboe, R., Saldo, R. & Sorensen, M. (2019). Satellite passive microwave sea-ice concentration data set intercomparison: closed ice and ship-based observations. The Cryosphere, 13, 3261-3307. doi:10.5194/tc-13-3261-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Köhler, J., Walter, M., Mertens, C., Stiehler, J., Li, Z., von Storch, J. & Rhein, M. (2019). Energy flux observations in an internal tide beam in the eastern North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 124, 5747-5764. doi:10.1029/2019JC015156 [ Fulltext]
  • Kotova, L., Jacob, D., Leissner, J., Mathis, M. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2019). Climate information for the preservation of cultural heritage: needs and challenges. In Moropoulou, A., Korres, M., Georgopoulos, A., Spyrakos, C. & Mouzakis, C. (Eds.), Transdisciplinary multispectral modeling and cooperation for the preservation of cultural heritage (pp.353-359). Springer Verlag.
  • Kushnir, Y., Scaife, A., Arritt, R., Balsamo, G., Boer, G., Doblas-Reyes, F., Hawkins, E., Kimoto, M., Kolli, R., Kumar, A., Matei, D., Matthes, K., Müller, W., O'Kane, T., Perlwitz, J., Power, S., Raphael, M., Shimpo, A., Smith, D., Tuma, M. & Wu, B. (2019). Towards operational predictions of the near-term climate. Nature Climate Change, 9, 94-101. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7
  • Landschützer, P., Ilyina, T. & Lovenduski, N. (2019). Detecting regional modes of variability in observation-based surface ocean pCO2. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2670-2679. doi:10.1029/2018GL081756 [ Fulltext]
  • Lang, A. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2019). The long-term variability of extreme sea levels in the German Bight. Ocean Science, 15, 651-668. doi:10.5194/os-15-651-2019 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Lebehot, A., Halloran, P., Watson, A., McNeall, D., Ford, D., Landschützer, P., Lauvset, S. & Schuster, U. (2019). Reconciling observation and model trends in North Atlantic surface CO2. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 1204-1222. doi:10.1029/2019GB006186 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, H., Ilyina, T., Müller, W. & Landschützer, P.(2019). Predicting the variable ocean carbon sink. Science Advances, 5: eaav6471. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav6471 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Lüschow, V., von Storch, J. & Marotzke, J.(2019). Diagnosing the influence of mesoscale eddy fluxes on the deep western boundary current in the 1/10° STORM / NCEP simulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49, 751-764. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-18-0103.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Maher, N., Milinski, S., Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Botzet, M., Kornblueh, L., Takano, Y., Kröger, J., Ghosh, R., Hedemann, C., Li, C., Li, H., Manzini, E., Notz, D., Putrasahan, D., Boysen, L., Claussen, M., Ilyina, T., Olonscheck, D., Raddatz, T., Stevens, B. & Marotzke, J.(2019). The Max Planck Institute Grand Ensemble - Enabling the Exploration of Climate System Variability. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 2050-2069. doi:10.1029/2019MS001639 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J.(2019). Quantifying the irreducible uncertainty in near-term climate projections. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews - Climate Change, 10: e563. doi:10.1002/wcc.563 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Mathis, M., Elizalde, A. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2019). The future regime of Atlantic nutrient supply to the Northwest European Shelf. Journal of Marine Systems, 189, 98-115. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2018.10.002
  • Mauritsen, T., Bader, J., Becker, T., Behrens, J., Bittner, M., Brokopf, R., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Crueger, T., Esch, M., Fast, I., Fiedler, S., Popke, D., Gayler, V., Giorgetta, M., Goll, D., Haak, H., Hagemann, S., Hedemann, C., Hohenegger, C., Ilyina, T., Jahns, T., Jimenez Cuesta de la Otero, D., Jungclaus, J., Kleinen, T., Kloster, S., Kracher, D., Kinne, S., Kleberg, D., Lasslop, G., Kornblueh, L., Marotzke, J., Matei, D., Meraner, K., Mikolajewicz, U., Modali, K., Möbis, B., Müller, W., Nabel, J., Nam, C., Notz, D., Nyawira, S., Paulsen, H., Peters, K., Pincus, R., Pohlmann, H., Pongratz, J., Popp, M., Raddatz, T., Rast, S., Redler, R., Reick, C., Rohrschneider, T., Schemann, V., Schmidt, H., Schnur, R., Schulzweida, U., Six, K., Stein, L., Stemmler, I., Stevens, B., von Storch, J., Tian, F., Voigt, A., de Vrese, P., Wieners, K.-H., Wilkenskjeld, S., Roeckner, E. & Winkler, A.(2019). Developments in the MPI-M Earth System Model version 1.2 (MPI-ESM1.2) and its response to increasing CO2. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 998-1038. doi:10.1029/2018MS001400 [ Fulltext]
  • Mertens, C., Köhler, J., Walter, M., von Storch, J. & Rhein, M. (2019). Observations and models of low-mode internal waves in the ocean. In Eden, C. & Iske, A. (Eds.), Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (pp.127-143). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  • Milinski, S.(2019). Internal variability in a changing climate: A large ensemble perspective on tropical Atlantic rainfall. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3165869 [ Fulltext]
  • Moffa-Sánchez, P., Moreno-Chamarro, E., Reynolds, D., Ortega, P., Cunningham, L., Swingedouw, D., Amrhein, D., Halfar, J., Jonkers, L., Jungclaus, J., Perner, K., Wanamaker, A. & Yeager, S. (2019). Variability in the northern North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans across the last two millennia: a review. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, 1399-1436. doi:10.1029/2018PA003508 [ Fulltext]
  • Neddermann, N.-C., Müller, W., Dobrynin, M., Düsterhus, A. & Baehr, J. (2019). Seasonal predictability of European summer climate re-assessed. Climate Dynamics, 53, 3039-3056. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04678-4
  • Notz, D.(2019). Sea ice in coupled climate models. In Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Vol. 6 (pp.200-207). Elsevier Science.
  • Nunez-Riboni, I., Taylor, M., Puets, M., Kempf, A. & Mathis, M.(2019). Spatially resolved past and projected changes of the suitable thermal habitat of North Sea cod (Gadus morhua) under climate change. ICES Journal of Marine Science: fsz132. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsz132 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Olbers, D., Eden, C., Becker, E., Pollmann, F. & Jungclaus, J.(2019). The IDEMIX model: parameterization of internal gravity waves for circulation models of ocean and atmosphere. In Eden, C. & Iske, A. (Eds.), Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (pp.87-125). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  • Olonscheck, D., Mauritsen, T. & Notz, D.(2019). Arctic sea-ice variability is primarily driven by atmospheric temperature fluctuations. Nature Geoscience, 12, 430-434. doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0363-1
  • Paeth, H., Li, J., Pollinger, F., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H., Feldmann, H. & Panitz, H.-J. (2019). An effective drift correction for dynamical downscaling of decadal global climate predictions. Climate Dynamics, 52, 1343-1357. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4195-2
  • Paxian, A., Ziese, M., Kreienkamp, F., Pankatz, K., Brand, S., Pasternack, A., Pohlmann, H., Modali, K. & Früh, B. (2019). User-oriented global predictions of the GPCC drought index for the next decade. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 28, 3-21. doi:10.1127/metz/2018/0912 [ Fulltext]
  • Peña-Ortiz, C., Manzini, E. & Giorgetta, M.(2019). Tropical deep convection impact on southern winter stationary waves and its modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation. Journal of Climate, 32, 7453-7467. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0763.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Pohlmann, H., Müller, W., Bittner, M., Hettrich, S., Modali, K., Pankatz, K. & Marotzke, J.(2019). Realistic quasi-biennial oscillation variability in historical and decadal hindcast simulations using CMIP6 forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 14118-14125. doi:10.1029/2019GL084878 [ Fulltext]
  • Polkova, I., Brune, S., Kadow, C., Romanova, V., Gollan, G., Baehr, J., Glowienka-Hense, R., Greatbatch, R., Hense, A., Illing, S., Köhl, A., Kröger, J., Müller, W., Pankatz, K. & Stammer, D. (2019). Initialization and ensemble generation for decadal climate predictions: A comparison of different methods. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 149-172. doi:10.1029/2018MS001439 [ Fulltext]
  • Putrasahan, D., Lohmann, K., von Storch, J., Jungclaus, J., Gutjahr, O. & Haak, H.(2019). Surface flux drivers for the slowdown of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a high resolution global coupled climate model. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 1349-1363. doi:10.1029/2018MS001447 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Rajaram, H., Diffenbaugh, N., Camargo, S., Cardenas, M., Carey, R., Cobb, K., Cory, R., Cronin, M., Dombard, A., Donohue, K., Flesch, L., Giannini, A., Hayes, G., Hogg, A., Ilyina, T., Ivanov, V., Jacobsen, S., Korte, M., Lu, G., Morlighem, M., Magnusdottir, G., Newman, A., Opher, M., Passalacqua, P., Patricola, C., Ritsema, J., Sprintall, J., Su, H., Thornton, J., Williams, P. & Yau, A. (2019). Thank you to our 2018 peer reviewers. Geophysical Research Letters, available online..
  • Reyers, M., Feldmann, H., Mieruch, S., Pinto, J., Uhlig, M., Ahrens, B., Früh, B., Modali, K., Laube, N., Mömken, J., Müller, W., Schädler, G. & Kottmeier, C. (2019). Development and prospects of the regional MiKlip decadal prediction system over Europe: Predictive skill, added value of regionalization and ensemble size dependency. Earth System Dynamics, 10, 171-187. doi:10.5194/esd-10-171-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Rohrschneider, T., Stevens, B. & Mauritsen, T.(2019). On simple representations of the climate response to external radiative forcing. Climate Dynamics, 53, 3131-3145. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04686-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Roobaert, A., Laruelle, G., Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Chou, L. & Regnier, P. (2019). The spatiotemporal dynamics of the sources and sinks of CO2 in the global coastal ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33, 1693-1714. doi:10.1029/2019GB006239 [ Fulltext]
  • Rugenstein, M., Bloch-Johnson, J., Abe-Ouchi, A., Andrews, T., Beyerle, U., Cao, L., Chadha, T., Danabasoglu, G., Dufresne, J.-L., Duan, L., Foujols, M.-A., Frölicher, T., Geoffroy, O., Gregory, J., Knutti, R., Li, C., Marzocchi, A., Mauritsen , T., Menary, M., Moyer, E., Nazarenko, L., Paynter, D., Saint-Martin, D., Schmidt, G., Yamamoto, A. & Yang, S. (2019). LongRunMIP – motivation and design for a large collection of millennial-length AO-GCM simulations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 2551-2570. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0068.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Scaife, A., Ferranti, L., Alves, O., Athanasiadis, P., Baehr, J., Dequé, M., Dippe, T., Dunstone, N., Fereday, D., Gudgel, R., Greatbatch, R., Hermanson, L., Imada, Y., Jain, S., Kumar, A., MacLachlan, C., Merryfield, W., Müller, W., Ren, H.-L., Smith, D., Takaya, Y., Vecchi, G. & Yang, X. (2019). Tropical rainfall predictions from multiple seasonal forecast systems. International Journal of Climatology, 39, 974-988. doi:10.1002/joc.5855 [ Fulltext]
  • Schuster, M., Grieger, J., Richling, A., Schartner, T., Illing, S., Kadow, C., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H., Pfahl, S. & Ulbrich, U. (2019). Improvement in the decadal prediction skill of the North Atlantic extratropical winter circulation through increased model resolution. Earth System Dynamics, 10, 901-917. doi:10.5194/esd-10-901-2019 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Smith, D., Eade, R., Scaife, A., Caron, L.-P., Danabasoglu, G., DelSole, T., Delworth, T., Doblas-Reyes, F., Dunstone, N., Hermanson, L., Kharin, V., Kimoto, M., Merryfield, W., Mochizuki, T., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H., Yeager, S. & Yang, X. (2019). Robust skill of decadal climate predictions. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 2: 13. doi:10.1038/s41612-019-0071-y [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Smith, D., Screen, J., Deser, C., Cohen, J., Fyfe, J., Garcia-Serrano, J., Jung, T., Kattsov, V., Matei, D., Msadek, R., Peings, Y., Sigmond, M., Ukita, J., Yoon, J.-H. & Zhang, X. (2019). The Polar Amplification Model Intercomparison Project (PAMIP) contribution to CMIP6: investigating the causes and consequences of polar amplification. Geoscientific Model Development, 12, 1139-1164. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1139-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L.(2019). Internal variability in summertime heat extremes under global warming. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3167683 [ Fulltext]
  • Thomas , M., Devasthale, A., Koenigk, T., Wyser, K., Roberts, M., Roberts, C. & Lohmann, K.(2019). A statistical and process-oriented evaluation of cloud radiative effects in high-resolution global models. Geoscientific Model Development, 12, 1679-1702. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1679-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., von Storch, J. & Hertwig, E.(2019). Impact of SST diurnal cycle on ENSO asymmetry. Climate Dynamics, 52, 2399-2411. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4271-7 [ Fulltext]
  • Tyrlis, E., Manzini, E., Bader, J., Ukita, J., Hisahi, N. & Matei, D.(2019). Ural blocking driving extreme Arctic sea-ice loss, cold eurasia and stratospheric vortex weakening in autumn and early winter 2016-2017. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 11313-11329. doi:10.1029/2019JD031085 [ Fulltext]
  • von Storch, J., Badin, G. & Oliver, M. (2019). The interior energy pathway: Inertia-gravity wave emission by oceanic flows. In Eden, C. & Iske, A. (Eds.), Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (pp.53-85). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  • von Storch, J.(2019). Energetics of the climate system. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.88
  • Wu, B., Zhou, T., Li, C., Müller, W. & Lin, J. (2019). Improved decadal prediction of Northern-Hemisphere summer land temperature. Climate Dynamics, 53, 1357-1369. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04658-8
  • Yang, H., Lohmann, G., Shi, X. & Li, C.(2019). Enhanced mid-latitude meridional heat imbalance induced by the ocean. Atmosphere, 10: 746. doi:10.3390/ATMOS10120746 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Jungclaus, J., Bittner, M., Lorenz, S. & Rubino, A. (2019). Clarifying the relative role of forcing uncertainties and initial-condition unknowns in spreading the climate response to volcanic eruptions. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1602-1611. doi:10.1029/2018GL081018 [ Fulltext]
  • Zhao, C., Maerz, J., Hofmeister, R., Wirtz, K., Riethmüller, R. & Schrum, C. (2019). Characterizing the vertical distribution of chlorophyll-a in the German Bight. Continental Shelf Research, 175, 127-146. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2019.01.012 [ Fulltext]
  • Zhou, T., Luterbacher, J., Wu, S., Li, C., Chao, Q., Cheng, X., Duan, Y., Li, J., Stevens, B., Voigt, S., Zhang, Y., Zheng, X. & Zou, L. (2019). A new era of China-Germany joint research exploring the climate mystery of Earth. Science Bulletin, 64, 1733-1736. doi:10.1016/j.scib.2019.09.018 [ Fulltext]
  • Ziemen, F., Kapsch, M.-L., Klockmann, M. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2019). Heinrich events show two-stage climate response in transient glacial simulations. Climate of the Past, 15, 153-168. doi:10.5194/cp-15-153-2019 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Akperov, M., Rinke, A., Mokhov, I., Matthes, H., Semenov, V., Adakudlu, M., Cassano, J., Christensen, J., Dembitskaya, M., Dethloff, K., Fettweis, X., Glisan, J., Gutjahr, O., Heinemann, G., Koenigk, T., Koldunov, N., Laprise, R., Mottram, R., Nikiéma, O., Scinocca, J., Sein, D., Sobolowski, S., Winger, K. & Zhang, W. (2018). Cyclone activity in the Arctic from an ensemble of regional climate models (Arctic CORDEX). Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 123, 2537-2554. doi:10.1002/2017JD027703 [ Fulltext]
  • Borchert, L., Müller, W. & Baehr, J. (2018). Atlantic Ocean heat transport influences interannual-to-decadal surface temperature predictability in the North Atlantic region. Journal of Climate, 31, 6763-6782. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0734.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Borchert, L.(2018). Decadal climate predictions in the North Atlantic region: The role of ocean heat transport. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2639896 [ Fulltext]
  • Brune, S., Düsterhus, A., Pohlmann, H., Müller, W. & Baehr, J. (2018). Time dependency of the prediction skill for the North Atlantic subpolar gyre in initialized decadal hindcasts. Climate Dynamics, 51, 1947-1970. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3991-4
  • Bunzel, F., Notz, D. & Pedersen, L. (2018). Retrievals of Arctic sea-ice volume and its trend significantly affected by interannual snow variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 11751-11759. doi:10.1029/2018GL078867 [ Fulltext]
  • Bunzel, F., Müller, W., Dobrynin, M., Fröhlich, K., Hagemann, S., Pohlmann, H., Stacke, T. & Baehr, J. (2018). Improved seasonal prediction of European summer temperatures with new five-layer soil-hydrology scheme. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 346-353. doi:10.1002/2017GL076204 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Butchart, N., Anstey, J., Hamilton, K., Osprey, S., McLandress, C., Bushell, A., Kawatani, Y., Kim, Y.-H., Lott, F., Scinocca, J., Stockdale, T., Andrews, M., Bellprat, O., Braesicke, P., Cagnazzo, C., Chen, C.-C., Chun, H.-Y., Dobrynin, M., Garcia, R., Garcia-Serrano, J., Gray, L., Holt, L., Kerzenmacher, T., Naoe, H., Pohlmann, H., Richter, J., Scaife, A., Schenzinger, V., Serva, F., Versick, S., Watanabe, S., Yoshida, K. & Yukimoto, S. (2018). Overview of experiment design and comparison of models participating in phase 1 of the SPARC Quasi-Biennial Oscillation initiative (QBOi). Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 1009-1032. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-1009-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Carlsson, P., Breivik, K., Brorström-Lundén, E., Cousins, I., Christensen, J., Grimalt, J., Halsall, C., Kallenborn, R., Abass, K., Lammel, G., Munthe, J., MacLeod, M., Odland, J., Pawlak, J., Rautio, A., Reiersen, L.-O., Schlabach, M., Stemmler, I., Wilson, S. & Wöhrnschimmel, H. (2018). Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as sentinels for the elucidation of Arctic environmental change processes: a comprehensive review combined with ArcRisk project results. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25, 22499-22528. doi:10.1007/s11356-018-2625-7 [ Fulltext]
  • Dafka, S., Toreti, A., Luterbacher, J., Zanis, P., Tyrlis, E. & Xoplaki, E. (2018). Simulating extreme etesians over the Aegean and implications for wind energy production in Southeastern Europe. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 57, 1123-1134. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0172.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Dafka, S., Toreti, A., Luterbacher, J., Zanis, P., Tyrlis, E. & Xoplaki, E. (2018). On the ability of RCMs to capture the circulation pattern of Etesians. Climate Dynamics, 51, 1687-1706. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3977-2
  • Diffenbaugh, N., Beal, L., Cardenas, M., Cobb, K., Cory, R., Cronin, M., Dombard, A., Hogg, A., Ilyina, T., Korte, M., Lu, G., Magnusdottir, G., Newman, A., Opher, M., Ritsema, J., Sprintall, J., Stroeve, J., Thornton, J., Williams, P. & Yau, A. (2018). Appreciation of 2017 GRL Peer Reviewers. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 4494-4528.
  • Dobrynin, M., Domeisen, D., Müller, W., Bell, L., Brune, S., Bunzel, F., Fröhlich, C., Pohlmann, H. & Baehr, J. (2018). Improved teleconnection-based dynamical seasonal predictions of boreal winter. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 3605-3614. doi:10.1002/2018GL077209 [ Fulltext]
  • Fay, A., Lovenduski, N., McKinley, G., Munro, D., Sweeney, C., Gray, A., Landschützer, P., Stephens, B., Takahashi, T. & Williams, N. (2018). Utilizing the Drake Passage Time-series to understand variability and change in subpolar Southern Ocean pCO2. Biogeosciences, 15, 3841-3855. doi:10.5194/bg-15-3841-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Feely, R., Wanninkhof, R., Carter , B., Landschützer, P., Sutton, A. & Trinanes, J. (2018). Global ocean carbon cycle [in “State of the Climate in 2017”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99(Spec. Iss.), S96-S100. doi:10.1175/2018BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Ferrer-Gonzalez, M., Ilyina, T., Sonntag, S. & Schmidt, H.(2018). Enhanced rates of regional warming and ocean acidification after termination of large-scale ocean alkalinization. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 7120-7129. doi:10.1029/2018GL077847 [ Fulltext]
  • Fiehn, A., Quack, B., Stemmler, I., Ziska, F. & Krüger, K. (2018). Importance of seasonally resolved oceanic emissions for bromoform delivery from the tropical Indian Ocean and west Pacific to the stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18, 11973-11990. doi:10.5194/acp-18-11973-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Geden, O.(2018). Politically informed advice for climate action. Nature Geoscience, 11, 380-383. doi:10.1038/s41561-018-0143-3
  • Ghosh, R., Chakraborty, A. & Nanjundiah, R. (2018). Relative role of pre-monsoon conditions and intraseasonal oscillations in determining early-vs-late indian monsoon intensity in a GCM. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 131, 319-333 . doi:10.1007/s00704-016-1970-z [ Fulltext]
  • Goelzer, H., Nowicki, S., Edwards, T., Beckley, M., Abe-Ouchi, A., Aschwanden, A., Calov, R., Gagliardini, O., Gillet-Chaulet, F., Golledge, N., Gregory, J., Greve, R., Humbert, A., Huybrechts, P., Kennedy, J., Larour, E., Lipscomb, W., Le clec´h, S., Lee, V., Morlighem, M., Pattyn, F., Payne, A., Rodehacke, C., Rückamp, M., Saito, F., Schlegel, N., Seroussi, H., Shepherd, A., Sun, S., van de Wal, R. & Ziemen, F.(2018). Design and results of the ice sheet model initialisation experiments initMIP-Greenland: an ISMIP6 intercomparison. The Cryosphere, 12, 1433-1460. doi:10.5194/tc-12-1433-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Gutjahr, O. & Heinemann , G. (2018). A model-based comparison of extreme winds in the Arctic and around Greenland. International Journal of Climatology, 38, 5272-5292. doi:10.1002/joc.5729 [ Fulltext]
  • Han, W., Stammer, D., Meehl, G., Hu, A., Sienz, F. & Zhang, L. (2018). Multi-decadal trend and decadal variability of the regional sea level over the Indian Ocean since the 1960s: Roles of climate modes and external forcing. Climate, 6: 51. doi:10.3390/cli6020051 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Heinze, C., Ilyina, T. & Gehlen, M. (2018). The potential of 230Th for detection of ocean acidification impacts on pelagic carbonate production. Biogeosciences, 15(Spec. Iss.: Progress in quantifying ocean biogeochemistry – in honour of Ernst Maier-Reimer), 3521-3539. doi:10.5194/bg-15-3521-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Illing, S., Kadow, C., Pohlmann, H. & Timmreck, C.(2018). Assessing the impact of a future volcanic eruption on decadal predictions. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 701-715. doi:10.5194/esd-9-701-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Jungclaus, J., Moreno-Chamarro, E. & Luterbacher, J. (2018). Dynamische Untersuchungen der extrem kalten Winter während der "Kleinen Eiszeit" in Europa. In Lozán, J., Breckle, S.-W., Grassl, H., Kasang, D. & Weisse, R. (Eds.), Warnsignal Klima: Extremereignisse - wissenschaftliche Fakten (pp.259-264). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen.
  • Kageyama, M., Braconnot, P., Harrison, S., Haywood, A., Jungclaus, J., Otto-Bliesner, B., Peterschmitt, J.-Y., Abe-Ouchi, A., Albani, S., Bartlein, P., Brierley, C., Crucifix, M., Dolan, A., Fernandez-Donado, L., Fischer, H., Hopcroft, P., Ivanovic, R., Lambert, F., Lunt, D., Mahowald, N., Peltier, W., Phipps, S., Roche, D., Schmidt, G., Tarasov, L., Valdes, P., Zhang, Q. & Zhou, T. (2018). The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 1: Overview and over-arching analysis plan. Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 1033-1057. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-1033-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Kaminski, T., Kauker, F., Pedersen, L., Voßbeck, M., Haak, H., Niederdrenk, L., Hendricks, S., Ricker, R., Karcher, M., Eicken, H. & Gråbak, O. (2018). Rigorous assessment of mission impact on sea ice forecast quality. In IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (pp.8528-8530). doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517729
  • Kaminski, T., Kauker, F., Toudal Pedersen, L., Voßbeck, M., Haak, H., Niederdrenk, L., Hendricks, S., Ricker, R., Karcher, M., Eicken, H. & Gråbak, O. (2018). Arctic mission benefit analysis: Impact of sea ice thickness, freeboard, and snow depth products on sea ice forecast performance. The Cryosphere, 12, 2569-2594. doi:10.5194/tc-2017-249 [ Fulltext]
  • Keppler, L., Cravatte, S., Chaigneau, A., Pegliasco, C., Gourdeau, L. & Singh, A. (2018). Observed characteristics and vertical structure of mesoscale eddies in the Southwest Tropical Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, 2731-2756. doi:10.1002/2017JC013712 [ Fulltext]
  • Klockmann, M., Mikolajewicz, U. & Marotzke, J.(2018). Two AMOC states in response to decreasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the coupled climate model MPI-ESM. Journal of Climate, 31, 7969-7984. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0859.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Kröger, J., Pohlmann, H., Sienz, F., Marotzke, J., Baehr, J., Köhl, A., Modali, K., Polkova , I., Stammer, D., Vamborg, F. & Müller, W.(2018). Full-field initialized decadal predictions with the MPI Earth System Model: An initial shock in the North Atlantic. Climate Dynamics, 51, 2593-2608. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-4030-1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Lammel , G., Degrendele, C., Gunthe, S., Mu , Q., Muthalagu, A., Audy, O., Biju, C., Kukučka, P., Mulder, M., Octaviani, M., Příbylová, P., Shahpoury , P., Stemmler, I. & Valsan, A. (2018). Revolatilisation of soil-accumulated pollutants triggered by the summer monsoon in India. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18, 11031-11040. doi:10.5194/acp-18-11031-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Bakker, D., Stemmler, I. & Six, K.(2018). Strengthening seasonal marine CO2 variations due to increasing atmospheric CO2. Nature Climate Change, 8, 146-150. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0057-x
  • Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Manning, A., Korsbakken, J., Peters, G., Canadell, J., Jackson, R., Boden, T., Tans, P., Andrews, O., Arora, V., Bakker, D., Barbero, L., Becker, M., Betts, R., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L., Ciais, P., Cosca, C., Cross, J., Currie, K., Gasser, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Houghton, R., Hunt, C., Hurtt, G., Ilyina, T., Jain, A., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Keeling, R., Klein Goldewijk, K., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lima, I., Lombardozzi, D., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P., Munro, D., Nabel, J., Nakaoka, S.-I., Nojiri, Y., Pad́ın, X., Peregon, A., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Reimer, J., Rödenbeck, C., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I., van der Werf, G., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Vuichard, N., Walker, A., Watson, A., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S. & Zhu, D. (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth System Science Data, 10, 405-448. doi:10.5194/essd-10-405-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Hauck, J., Pongratz, J., Pickers, P., Korsbakken, J., Peters, G., Canadell, J., Arneth, A., Arora, V., Barbero, L., Bastos, A., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L., Ciais, P., Doney, S., Gkritzalis, T., Goll, D., Harris, I., Haverd, V., Hoffman, F., Hoppema, M., Houghton, R., Ilyina, T., Jain, A., Johannesen, T., Jones, C., Kato, E., Keeling, R., Goldewijk, K., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Metzl, N., Munro, D., Nabel, J., Nakaoka, S.-I., Neill, C., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Patra, P., Peregon, A., Peters, W., Peylin, P., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Resplandy, L., Robertson, E., Rocher, M., Rödenbeck , C., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Steinhoff, T., Sutton, A., Tans, P., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., Tubiello, F., van der Laan-Luijkx, I., van der Werf, G., Viovy, N., Walker, A., Wiltshire, A., Wright, R. & Zaehle, S. (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2018. Earth System Science Data, 10, 2141-2194. doi:10.5194/essd-2018-120 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, H. & Ilyina, T.(2018). Current and future decadal trends in the oceanic carbon uptake are dominated by internal variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 916-925. doi:10.1002/2017GL075370 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Liu, B. & de Swart, H. (2018). Quantifying the effect of salinity stratification on phytoplankton density patterns in estuaries. Estuaries and Coasts, 41, 453-470. doi:10.1007/s12237-017-0276-4 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Llasses, J., Jordà, G., Gomis, D., Adloff, F., Macías, D., Harzallah, A., Arsouze, T., Akthar, N., Li, L., Elizalde, A. & Sannino, G. (2018). Heat and salt redistribution within the Mediterranean Sea in the Med-CORDEX model ensemble. Climate Dynamics, 51, 1119-1143. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3242-0
  • Maher , N., England, M., Gupta, A. & Spence, P. (2018). Role of Pacific trade winds in driving ocean temperatures during the recent slowdown and projections under a wind trend reversal. Climate Dynamics, 51, 321-336. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3923-3 [ Fulltext]
  • Maher, N., Matei, D., Milinski, S. & Marotzke, J.(2018). ENSO change in climate projections: forced response or internal variability?. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 11390-11398. doi:10.1029/2018GL079764 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Mathis, M., Elizalde, A. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2018). Which complexity of regional climate system models is essential for downscaling anthropogenic climate change in the Northwest European shelf. Climate Dynamics, 50, 2637-2659. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3761-3 [ Fulltext]
  • Meccia, V. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2018). Interactive ocean bathymetry and coastlines for simulating the last deglaciation with the Max Planck Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM-v1.2). Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 4677-4692. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-4677-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Mikolajewicz, U., Ziemen, F., Cioni, G., Claussen, M., Fraedrich, K., Heidkamp, M., Hohenegger, C., Jiménez de la Cuesta, D., Kapsch, M.-L., Lemburg, A., Mauritsen, T., Meraner, K., Röber, N., Schmidt, H., Six, K., Stemmler, I., Tamarin-Brodsky, T., Winkler, A., Zhu, X. & Stevens, B.(2018). The climate of a retrograde rotating earth. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 1191-1215. doi:10.5194/esd-9-1191-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Müller, W., Jungclaus, J., Mauritsen, T., Baehr, J., Bittner, M., Budich, R., Bunzel, F., Esch, M., Ghosh, R., Haak, H., Ilyina, T., Kleinen, T., Kornblueh, L., Li, H., Modali, K., Notz, D., Pohlmann, H., Roeckner, E., Stemmler, I., Tian, F. & Marotzke, J.(2018). A higher-resolution version of the Max Planck Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM 1.2 - HR). Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10, 1383 -1413. doi:10.1029/2017MS001217 [ Fulltext]
  • Niederdrenk, A. & Notz, D.(2018). Arctic sea ice in a 1.5°C warmer world. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 1963-1971. doi:10.1002/2017GL076159 [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D. & Stroeve, J. (2018). The trajectory towards a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean. Current Climate Change Reports, 4, 407-416. doi:10.1007/s40641-018-0113-2 [ Fulltext]
  • Olonscheck, D.(2018). Understanding internal variability of sea ice and surface air temperature. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2639899 [ Fulltext]
  • Pasternack, A., Bhend, J., Liniger, M., Rust, H., Müller, W. & Ulbrich, U. (2018). Parametric Decadal Climate Forecast Recalibration (DeFoReSt 1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 351-368. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-351-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Pätsch, J., Kühn , W. & Six, K.(2018). Interannual sedimentary effluxes of alkalinity in the southern North Sea: Model results compared with summer observations. Biogeosciences, 15(Spec. Iss.: Progress in quantifying ocean biogeochemistry – in honour of Ernst Maier-Reimer), 3293-3309. doi:10.5194/bg-15-3293-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Paulsen, H., Ilyina, T., Jungclaus, J., Six, K. & Stemmler, I.(2018). Light absorption by marine cyanobacteria affects tropical climate mean state and variability. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 1283-1300. doi:10.5194/esd-9-1283-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Paulsen, H.(2018). The effects of marine nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria on ocean biogeochemistry and climate – an Earth system model perspective. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2598976 [ Fulltext]
  • Piracha, A., Sabia, R., Fernandez-Prieto, D., Klockmann, M. & Castaldo, L. (2018). Satellite based estimation of water-mass formation areas and extents. Proceedings of SPIE, 10784: 10784ON. doi:10.1117/12.2325699
  • Riddick, T., Brovkin, V., Hagemann, S. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2018). Dynamic hydrological discharge modelling for coupled climate model simulations of the last glacial cycle: the MPI-DynamicHD model version 3.0. Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 4291-4316. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-4291-2018 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Roobaert, A., Laruelle, G., Landschützer, P. & Regnier, P. (2018). Uncertainty in the global oceanic CO2 uptake induced by wind forcing: Quantification and spatial analysis. Biogeosciences, 15, 1701-1720. doi:10.5194/bg-15-1701-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Salameh, J., Popp, M. & Marotzke, J.(2018). The role of sea-ice albedo in the climate of slowly rotating aquaplanets. Climate Dynamics, 50, 2495-2410. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3548-6 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Smith, D., Scaife, A., Hawkins, E., Bilbao, R., Boer, G., Caian, M., Caron, L.-P., Danabasoglu, G., Delworth, T., Doblas-Reyes, F., Doescher, R., Dunstone, N., Eade, R., Hermanson, L., Ishii, M., Kharin, V., Kimoto, M., Koenigk, T., Kushnir, Y., Matei, D., Meehl, G., Menegoz, M., Merryfield, W., Mochizuki, T., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H., Power, S., Rixen, M., Tuma, M., Wyser, K., Yang, X. & Yeager, S. (2018). Predicted chance that global warming will temporarily exceed 1.5°C. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 11895-11903. doi:10.1029/2018GL079362 [ Fulltext]
  • Sonntag, S., Ferrer-Gonzalez, M., Ilyina, T., Kracher, D., Nabel, J., Niemeier, U., Pongratz, J., Reick, C. & Schmidt, H.(2018). Quantifying and comparing effects of climate engineering methods in the earth system. Earth's Future, 6, 149-168. doi:10.1002/2017EF000620 [ Fulltext]
  • Stössel, A., von Storch, J., Notz, D., Haak, H. & Gerdes, R. (2018). High-frequency and meso-scale winter sea-ice variability in the Southern Oscillation in a high resolution global ocean model. Ocean Dynamics, 68, 347-361. doi:10.1007/s10236-018-1135-y
  • Stroeve, J. & Notz, D.(2018). Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons. Environmental Research Letters, 13: 103001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aade56 [ Fulltext]
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Li, C., Müller, W. & Marotzke, J.(2018). Internal variability in European summer temperatures at 1,5°C and 2°C of global warming. Environmental Research Letters, 13: 064026. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aaba58 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Takano , Y., Ito, T. & Deutsch, C. (2018). Projected centennial oxygen trends and their attribution to distinct ocean climate forcings. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 32, 1329-1349. doi:10.1029/2018GB005939 [ Fulltext]
  • Yuan, D., Li, X., Wang, Z., Li, Y., Wang, J., Yang, Y., Hu, X., Tan, S., Zhou, H., Wardana, A., Surinati, D., Purwandana, A., Ismail, M., Avianto, P., Dirhamsyah, D., Arifin, Z. & von Storch, J.(2018). Observed transport variations in the Maluku Channel of the Indonesian Seas associated with western boundary current changes. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 48, 1803-1813. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-17-0120.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Zhang, H., Werner, J., García-Bustamante, E., González-Rouco, F., Wagner, S., Zorita, E., Fraedrich, K., Jungclaus, J., Ljungqvist, F., Zhu, X., Xoplaki, E., Chen, F., Duan, J., Ge, Q., Hao, Z., Ivanov, M., Schneider, L., Talento, S., Wang, J., Yang, B. & Luterbacher, J. (2018). East Asian warm season temperature variations over the past two millennia. Scientific Reports, 8: 7702. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26038-8 [ Fulltext]
  • Zhang, L., Han, W. & Sienz, F.(2018). Unraveling causes for the changing behavior of the Tropical Indian Ocean in the past few decades. Journal of Climate, 31, 2377-2388. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0445.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Ackmann, J., Marotzke, J. & Korn, P.(2017). Stochastic goal-oriented error estimation with memory. Journal of Computational Physics, 348, 195-219 . doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2017.07.009
  • Ardilouze, C., Batté, L., Bunzel, F., Decremer, D., Déqué, M., Doblas-Reyes, F., Douville, H., Fereday, D., Guemas, V., MacLachlan, C., Müller, W. & Prodhomme, C. (2017). Multi-model assessment of the impact of soil moisture initialization on mid-latitude summer predictability. Climate Dynamics, 49, 3959-3974. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3555-7
  • Berner, J., Achatz, U., Batte, L., Bengtsson, L., De La Camara, A., Christensen, H., Colangeli, M., Coleman, D., Crommelin, D., Dolaptchiev, S., Franzke, C., Friederichs, P., Imkeller, P., Järvinen, H., Juricke, S., Kitsios, V., Lott, F., Lucarini, V., Mahajan, S., Palmer, T., Penland, C., Sakradzija, M., von Storch, J., Weisheimer, A., Weniger, M., Williams, P. & Yano, J.-I. (2017). Stochastic parameterization: Towards a new view of weather and climate models. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 565-587. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00268.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Buntgen, U., Myglan, V., Ljungqvist, F., McCormick, M., Di Cosmo, N., Sigl, M., Jungclaus, J., Wagner, S., Krusic, P., Esper, J., Kaplan, J., de Vaan, M., Luterbacher, J., Wacker, L., Tegel, W., Solomina, O., Nicolussi, K., Oppenheimer, C., Reinig, F. & Kirdyanov, A. (2017). Reply to 'Limited Late Antique cooling' / S. Helama, P. D. Jones & K. R. Briffa (Nature Geoscience 10, 242–243 (2017) doi:10.1038/ngeo2926). Nature Geoscience, 10, 243. doi:10.1038/ngeo2927
  • Burgard, C. & Notz, D.(2017). Drivers of past and future Arctic ocean warming in CMIP5 models. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 4263-4271. doi:10.1002/2016GL072342 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • D'Agostino, R., Lionello, P., Adam, O. & Schneider, T. (2017). Factors controlling Hadley circulation changes from the Last Glacial Maximum to the end of the 21st century. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 8585-8591. doi:10.1002/2017GL074533 [ Fulltext]
  • Feely, R., Wanninkhof, R., Landschützer, P., Carter, B. & Triñanes, J. (2017). Global ocean carbon cycle [in “State of the Climate in 2016”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, S89-S92. doi:10.1175/2017BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Ferrer-Gonzalez, M.(2017). Climate engineering by enhancement of ocean alkalinity: impacts on the Earth system and a comparison with solar radiation management. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2472753 [ Fulltext]
  • Fischer, M., Domeisen, D., Müller, W. & Baehr, J. (2017). Changes in the seasonal cycle of the Atlantic meridional heat transport in a RCP 8.5 climate projection in MPI-ESM. Earth System Dynamics, 8, 129-146. doi:10.5194/esd-8-129-2017 [ Fulltext]
  • García-Serrano, J., Frankignoul, C., King, M., Arribas, A., Gao, Y., Guemas, V., Matei, D., Msadek, R., Park, W. & Sanchez-Gomez, E. (2017). Multi-model assessment of linkages between eastern Arctic sea-ice variability and the Euro-Atlantic atmospheric circulation in current climate. Climate Dynamics, 49, 2407-2429. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3454-3
  • Ghosh, R.(2017). Impact of the multidecadal variations in the North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature on European summer climate. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2391979 [ Fulltext]
  • Ghosh, R., Müller, W., Baehr, J. & Bader, J.(2017). Impact of observed North Atlantic multidecadal variations to European summer climate: a linear baroclinic response to surface heating. Climate Dynamics, 38, 3547-3563. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3283-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Hagel, K., Milinski, M. & Marotzke, J.(2017). The level of climate-change mitigation depends on how humans assess the risk arising from missing the 2°C target. Palgrave Communications: 17027. doi:10.1057/palcomms.2017.27 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hátún, H., Azetsu-Scott, K., Somavilla, R., Rey, F., Johnson, C., Mathis, M., Mikolajewicz, U., Coupel, P., Tremblay, J.-É., Hartman, S., Pacariz, S., Salter, I. & Ólafsson, J. (2017). The subpolar gyre regulates silicate concentrations in the North Atlantic. Scientific Reports, 7: 14576. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14837-4 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hedemann, C.(2017). Conflicting expectations of global surface warming. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2482982 [ Fulltext]
  • Hedemann, C., Mauritsen, T., Jungclaus, J. & Marotzke, J.(2017). The subtle origins of surface-warming hiatuses. Nature Climate Change, 7, 336-339. doi:10.1038/nclimate3274 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Heinze, C., Ilyina, T., Winguth, A., Segschneider, J. & Hofmann, M. (Eds.). (2017). Progress in quantifying ocean biogeochemistry – in honour of Ernst Maier-Reimer [Special Issue].Progress in quantifying ocean biogeochemistry – in honour of Ernst Maier-Reimer
  • Hense, I., Stemmler, I. & Sonntag, S.(2017). Ideas and perspectives: climate-relevant marine biologically driven mechanisms in Earth system models. Biogeosciences, 14(Spec. Iss.: Progress in quantifying ocean biogeochemistry – in honour of Ernst Maier-Reimer), 403-413. doi:10.5194/bg-14-403-2017 [ Fulltext]
  • Henson, S., Beaulieu, C., Ilyina, T., John, J., Long, M., Séférian, R., Tjiputra, J. & Sarmiento, J. (2017). Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems. Nature Communications, 8: 14682. doi:10.1038/ncomms14682 [ Fulltext]
  • Janout, M., Hölemann, J., Timokhov, L., Gutjahr, O. & Heinemann, G. (2017). Circulation in the northwest Laptev Sea in the eastern Arctic Ocean: Crossroads between Siberian River water, Atlantic water and polynya-formed dense water. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 122, 6630-6647. doi:10.1002/2017JC013159 [ Fulltext]
  • Jungclaus, J., Bard, E., Baroni, M., Braconnot, P., Cao, J., Chini, L., Egorova, T., Evans, M., González-Rouco, J., Goosse, H., Hurtt, G., Joos, F., Kaplan, J., Khodri, M., Klein Goldewijk, K., Krivova, N., LeGrande, A., Lorenz, S., Luterbacher, J., Man, W., Meinshausen, M., Moberg, A., Nehrbass-Ahles, C., Otto-Bliesner, B., Phipps, S., Pongratz, J., Rozanov, E., Schmidt, G., Schmidt, H., Schmutz, W., Schurer, A., Shapiro, A., Sigl, M., Smerdon, J., Solanki, S., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Usoskin, I., Wagner, S., Wu, C.-Y., Yeo, K., Zanchettin, D., Zhang, Q. & Zorita, E. (2017). The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 3: the Last Millennium, scientific objective and experimental design for the PMIP4 past1000 simulations. Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 4005-4033. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-278 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Kageyama, M., Albani, S., Braconnot, P., Harrison, S., Hopcroft, P., Ivanovic, R., Lambert, F., Marti, O., Peltier, W., Peterschmitt, J.-Y., Roche, D., Tarasov, L., Zhang, X., Brady, E., Haywood, A., LeGrande, A., Lunt, D., Mahowald, N., Mikolajewicz, U., Nisancioglu, K., Otto-Bliesner, B., Renssen, H., Tomas, R., Zhang, Q., Abe-Ouchi, A., Bartlein, P., Cao, J., Li, Q., Lohmann, G., Ohgaito, R., Shi, X., Volodin, E., Yoshida, K., Zhang, X. & Zheng, W. (2017). The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments. Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 4035-4055. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Kerimoglu, O., Hofmeister, R., Maerz, J., Riethmüller, R. & Wirtz, K. (2017). The acclimative biogeochemical model of the southern North Sea. Biogeosciences, 14, 4499-4531. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4499-2017 [ Fulltext]
  • Klockmann, M.(2017). The AMOC and its sensitivity to different climate forcings in the range of glacial to modern conditions. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2472757 [ Fulltext]
  • Kohnemann, S., Heinemann, G., Bromwich, D. & Gutjahr , O.(2017). Extreme warming in the Kara Sea and Barents Sea during the winter period 2000-16. Journal of Climate, 30, 8913-8927. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0693.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Korn, P. & Danilov, S. (2017). Elementary dispersion analysis of some mimetic discretizations on triangular C-grids. Journal of Computational Physics, 330, 156-172. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2016.10.059
  • Korn, P.(2017). Formulation of an unstructured grid model for global ocean dynamics. Journal of Computational Physics, 339, 525-552. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2017.03.009
  • Langehaug, H., Matei, D., Eldevik, T., Lohmann, K. & Gao, Y. (2017). On model differences and skill in predicting sea surface temperature in the Nordic and Barents Seas. Climate Dynamics, 48, 913-933. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3118-3 [ Fulltext]
  • Laruelle, G., Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Tison, J.-L., Delille, B. & Regnier, P. (2017). Global high-resolution monthly pCO(2) climatology for the coastal ocean derived from neural network interpolation. Biogeosciences, 14, 4545-4561. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4545-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Li, Z., von Storch, J. & Müller , M. (2017). The K1 internal tide simulated by a 1/10° OGCM. Ocean Modelling, 113, 145-156. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.04.002
  • Marotzke, J., Jakob, C., Bony, S., Dirmeyer, P., O'Gorman, P., Hawkins, E., Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S., Le Quéré, C., Nowicki, S., Paulavets, K., Seneviratne, S., Stevens, B. & Tuma, M. (2017). Climate research must sharpen its view. Nature Climate Change, 7, 89-91. doi:10.1038/nclimate3206
  • Menviel, L., Yu, J., Joos, F., Mouchet, A., Meissner, K. & England, M. (2017). Poorly ventilated deep ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum inferred from carbon isotopes: A data-model comparison study. Paleoceanography, 32, 2-17. doi:10.1002/2016PA003024
  • Miller, A., Collins, M., Gualdi, S., Jensen, T., Misra, V., Pezzi, L., Pierce, D., Putrasahan, D., Seo, H. & Tseng, Y.-H. (2017). Coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling and predictions. Journal of Marine Research, 75, 361-402. doi:10.1357/002224017821836770
  • Moreno-Chamarro, E., Zanchettin, D., Lohmann, K., Luterbacher, J. & Jungclaus, J.(2017). Winter amplification of the European Little Ice Age cooling by the subpolar gyre. Scientific Reports, 7: 9981. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-07969-0 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Moreno-Chamarro, E., Zanchettin, D., Lohmann, K. & Jungclaus, J.(2017). An abrupt weakening of the subpolar gyre as trigger of Little Ice Age-type episodes. Climate Dynamics, 48, 727-744. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3106-7 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Moreno-Chamarro, E., Ortega, P., González-Rouco, F. & Montoya, M. (2017). Assessing reconstruction techniques of the Atlantic Ocean circulation variability during the last millennium. Climate Dynamics, 48, 799-819. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3111-x [ Fulltext]
  • Müller, V., Pohlmann, H., Düsterhus, A., Matei, D., Marotzke, J., Müller, W., Zeller, M. & Baehr, J. (2017). Hindcast skill for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5° N within two MPI-ESM decadal climate prediction systems. Climate Dynamics, 49, 2975-2990. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3482-z
  • Notz, D.(2017). When will Arctic sea ice be gone?. Latest Thinking. doi:10.21036/LTPUB10480
  • Notz, D.(2017). Arctic sea ice seasonal-to-decadal variability and long-term change. Past Global Changes Magazine, 25, 14-19. doi:10.22498/pages.25.1.14 [ Fulltext]
  • Olonscheck, D. & Notz, D.(2017). Consistently estimating internal climate variability from climate model simulations. Journal of Climate, 30, 9555-9573. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0428.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Orr, J., Najjar, R., Aumont, O., Bopp, L., Bullister, J., Danabasoglu, G., Doney, S., Dunne, J., Dutay, J.-C., Graven, H., Griffies, S., John, J., Joos, F., Levin, I., Lindsay, K., Matear, R., McKinley, G., Mouchet, A., Oschlies, A., Romanou, A., Schlitzer, R., Slater, R., Tagliabue, A., Tanhua, T. & Yool, A. (2017). Biogeochemical protocols and diagnostics for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP). Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 2169-2199. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-2169-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Pätsch, J., Burchard, H., Dieterich, C., Gräwe , U., Gröger, M., Mathis, M., Kapitza, H., Bersch, M., Moll, A., Pohlmann, T., Su , J., Ho-Hagemann, H., Schulz, A., Elizalde, A. & Eden, C. (2017). An evaluation of the North Sea circulation in global and regional models relevant for ecosystem simulations. Ocean Modelling, 116, 70-95. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.06.005
  • Paulsen, H., Ilyina, T., Six, K. & Stemmler, I.(2017). Incorporating a prognostic representation of marine nitrogen fixers into the global ocean biogeochemical model HAMOCC. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9, 438-464. doi:10.1002/2016MS000737 [ Fulltext]
  • Payne, M., Hobday, A., MacKenzie, B., Tommasi, D., Dempsey, D., Fässler, S., Haynie, A., Ji, R., Liu, G., Lynch, P., Matei, D., Miesner, A., Mills, K., Strand, K. & Villarino, E. (2017). Lessons from the First Generation of Marine Ecological Forecast Products. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4: 289. doi:10.3389/fmars.2017.00289 [ Fulltext]
  • Peters, G., Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R., Canadell, J., Friedlingstein, P., Ilyina, T., Jackson, R., Joos, F., Korsbakken, J., McKinley, G., Sitch, S. & Tans, P. (2017). Towards real-time verification of CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change, 7, 848-850 . doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0013-9
  • Pohlmann, H., Kröger, J., Greatbatch, R. & Müller, W.(2017). Initialization shock in decadal hindcasts due to errors in wind stress over the tropical Pacific. Climate Dynamics, 49, 2685-2693. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8 [ Fulltext]
  • Popp, M. & Eggl, S. (2017). Climate variations on Earth-like circumbinary planet. Nature Communications, 8: 14957. doi:10.1038/ncomms14957 [ Fulltext]
  • Putrasahan, D., Kamenkovich, I., Le Hénaff, M. & Kirtman, B. (2017). Importance of ocean mesoscale variability for air-sea interactions in the Gulf of Mexico. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 6352-6362 . doi:10.1002/2017GL072884 [ Fulltext]
  • Ritter, R., Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Fay, A., Iida, Y., Jones, S., Nakaoka, S., Park, G.-H., Peylin, P., Rödenbeck, C., Rodgers, K., Shutler, J. & Zeng, J. (2017). Observation-based trends of the southern ocean carbon sink. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 12,339-12,348 . doi:10.1002/2017GL074837 [ Fulltext]
  • Salameh, J.(2017). Climate dynamics of a slowly rotating aquaplanet. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2482990 [ Fulltext]
  • Smerdon, J., Luterbacher, J., Phipps, S., Anchukaitis, K., Ault, T., Coats, S., Cobb, K., Cook, B., Colose, C., Felis, T., Gallant, A., Jungclaus, J., Konecky, B., LeGrande, A., Lewis, S., Lopatka, A., Man, W., Mankin, J., Maxwell, J., Otto-Bliesner, B., Partin, J., Singh, D., Steiger, N., Stevenson, S., Tierney, J., Zanchettin, D., Zhang, H., Atwood, A., Andreu-Hayles, L., Baek, S., Buckley, B., Cook, E., D'Arrigo, R., Dee, S., Griffiths, M., Kulkarni, C., Kushnir, Y., Lehner, F., Leland, C., Linderholm, H., Okazaki, A., Palmer, J., Piovano, E., Raible, C., Rao, M., Scheff, J., Schmidt, G., Seager, R., Widmann, M., Williams, A. & Xoplaki, E., PAGES Hydro2K Consortium (2017). Comparing proxy and model estimates of hydroclimate variability and change over the Common Era. Climate of the Past, 13, 1851-1900. doi:10.5194/cp-13-1851-2017 [ Fulltext]
  • Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Li, C., Thorne, P. & Marotzke, J.(2017). Internal variability in simulated and observed tropical tropospheric temperature trends. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 5709-5719 . doi:10.1002/2017gl073798 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., von Storch, J. & Hertwig, E.(2017). Air–sea fluxes in a climate model using hourly coupling between the atmospheric and the oceanic components. Climate Dynamics, 48, 2819-2836. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3228-y [ Fulltext]
  • Tompkins, A., Zárate, O., Inés, M., Saurral, R., Vera, C., Saulo, C., Merryfield, W., Sigmond, M., Lee, W.-S., Baehr, J., Braun, A., Butler, A., Déqué, M., Doblas-Reyes, F., Gordon, M., Scaife, A., Imada, Y., Ishii, M., Ose, T., Kirtman, B., Kumar, A., Müller, W., Pirani, A., Stockdale, T., Rixen, M. & Yasuda, T. (2017). The Climate-System Historical Forecast Project: Providing open access to seasonal forecast ensembles from centers around the globe. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 2293-2301. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0209.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Gaetan, C., Arisido, M., Modali, K., Toniazzo, T., Keenlyside, N. & Rubino, A. (2017). Structural decomposition of decadal climate prediction errors: A Bayesian approach. Scientific Reports, 7: 12862. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-13144-2 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Pausata, F., Khodri, M., Timmreck, C., Graf, H., Jungclaus, J., Robock, A., Rubino, A. & Thompson, V. (2017). Toward predicting volcanically-forced decadal climate variability. Past Global Changes Magazine, 25, 25-31. doi:10.22498/pages.25.1.14 [ Fulltext]
  • Ziska, F., Quack, B., Tegtmeier, S., Stemmler, I. & Krüger, K. (2017). Future emissions of marine halogenated very-short lived substances under climate change. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 74, 245-260. doi:10.1007/s10874-016-9355-3
  • Zscheischler, J., Mahecha, M., Avitabile, V., Calle, L., Carvalhais, N., Ciais, P., Gans, F., Gruber, N., Hartmann, J., Herold, M., Ichii, K., Jung, M., Landschützer, P., Laruelle, G., Lauerwald, R., Papale, D., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., Ray, D., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Roman-Cuesta, R., Schwalm, C., Tramontana, G., Tyukavina, A., Valentini, R., van der Werf, G., West, T., Wolf, J. & Reichstein, M. (2017). Reviews and syntheses: An empirical spatiotemporal description of the global surface–atmosphere carbon fluxes: opportunities and data limitations. Biogeosciences, 14, 3685-3703. doi:10.5194/bg-14-3685-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Bakker, D., Pfeil, B., Landa, C., Metzl, N., O'Brien, K., Olsen, A., Smith, K., Cosca, C., Harasawa, S., Jones, S., Nakaoka, S., Nojiri, Y., Schuster, U., Steinhoff, T., Sweeney, C., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., Wada, C., Wanninkhof, R., Alin, S., Balestrini, C., Barbero, L., Bates, N., Bianchi, A., Bonou, F., Boutin, J., Bozec, Y., Burger, E., Cai, W., Castle, R., Chen, L., Chierici, M., Currie, K., Evans, W., Featherstone, C., Feely, R., Fransson, A., Goyet, C., Greenwood, N., Gregor, L., Hankin, S., Hardman-Mountford, N., Harlay, J., Hauck, J., Hoppema, M., Humphreys, M., Hunt, C., Huss, B., Ibanhez, J., Johannessen, T., Keeling, R., Kitidis, V., Kortzinger, A., Kozyr, A., Krasakopoulou, E., Kuwata, A., Landschützer, P., Lauvset, S., Lefevre, N., Lo Monaco, C., Manke, A., Mathis, J., Merlivat, L., Millero, F., Monteiro, P., Munro, D., Murata, A., Newberger, T., Omar, A., Ono, T., Paterson, K., Pearce, D., Pierrot, D., Robbins, L., Saito, S., Salisbury, J., Schlitzer, R., Schneider, B., Schweitzer, R., Sieger, R., Skjelvan, I., Sullivan, K., Sutherland, S., Sutton, A., Tadokoro, K., Telszewski, M., Tuma, M., van Heuven, S., Vandemark, D., Ward, B., Watson, A. & Xu, S. (2016). A multi-decade record of high-quality fCO(2) data in version 3 of the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT). Earth System Science Data, 8, 383-413. doi:10.5194/essd-8-383-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Bathiany, S., van der Bolt, B., Williamson, M., Lenton, T., Scheffer, M., van Nes, E. & Notz, D.(2016). Statistical indicators of Arctic sea-ice stability - prospects and limitations. The Cryosphere, 10, 1631-1645. doi:10.5194/tc-10-1631-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Bathiany, S., Notz, D., Mauritsen, T., Rädel, G. & Brovkin, V.(2016). On the mechanism of Arctic winter sea ice collapse. Journal of Climate, 29, 2703-2719. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0466.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Bittner, M., Schmidt, H., Timmreck, C. & Sienz, F.(2016). Using a large ensemble of simulations to assess the Northern Hemisphere stratospheric dynamical response to tropical volcanic eruptions and its uncertainty. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9324-9332. doi:10.1002/2016GL070587 [ Fulltext]
  • Boer, G., Smith, D., Cassou, C., Doblas-Reyes, F., Danabasoglu, G., Kirtman, B., Kushnir, Y., Kimoto, M., Meehl, G., Msadek, R., Müller, W., Taylor, K., Zwiers, F., Rixen, M., Ruprich-Robert, Y. & Eade, R. (2016). The Decadal Climate Prediction Project (DCPP) contribution to CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 3751-3777. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3751-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Büntgen, U., Myglan, V., Ljungqvist, F., McCormick, M., Di Cosmo, N., Sigl, M., Jungclaus, J., Wagner, S., Krusic, P., Esper, J., Kaplan, J., De Vaan, M., Luterbacher, J., Wacker, L., Tegel, W. & Kirdyanov, A. (2016). Cooling and societal change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age from 536 to around 660 AD. Nature Geoscience, 9, 231-236. doi:10.1038/ngeo2652
  • Bunzel, F., Notz, D., Baehr, J., Müller, W. & Fröhlich, K. (2016). Seasonal climate forecasts significantly affected by observational uncertainty of Arctic sea ice concentration. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 852-859. doi:10.1002/2015GL066928 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Butler, A., Arribas, A., Athanassiadou, M., Baehr, J., Calvo, N., Charlton-Perez, A., Déqué, M., Domeisen, D., Fröhlich, K., Hendon, H., Imada, Y., Ishii, M., Iza, M., Karpechko, A., Kumar, A., Maclachlan, C., Merryfield, W., Müller, W., O'Neill, A., Scaife, A., Scinocca, J., Sigmond, M., Stockdale, T. & Yasuda, T. (2016). The Climate-system Historical Forecast Project: Do stratosphere-resolving models make better seasonal climate predictions in boreal winter?. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, 1413-1427. doi:10.1002/qj.2743
  • Day, J., Tietsche, S., Collins, M., Goessling, H., Guemas, V., Guillory, A., Hurlin, W., Ishii, M., Keeley, S., Matei, D., Msadek, R., Sigmond, M., Tatebe, H. & Hawkins, E. (2016). The Arctic predictability and prediction on seasonal-to-interannual timescales (APPOSITE) data set version 1. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 2255-2270. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2255-2016 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • El-Zein, A. & Hedemann, C.(2016). Beyond problem solving: Engineering and the public good in the 21st century. Journal of Cleaner Production, 137, 692-700. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.129
  • Ferrer-Gonzalez, M. & Ilyina, T.(2016). Impacts of artificial ocean alkalinization on the carbon cycle and climate in Earth system simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 6493-6502. doi:10.1002/2016GL068576 [ Fulltext]
  • Grant, K., Grimm, R., Mikolajewicz, U., Marino, G., Ziegler, M. & Rohling, E. (2016). The timing of Mediterranean sapropel deposition relative to insolation, sea-level and African monsoon changes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 140, 125-141. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.03.026
  • Gregory, J., Bouttes-Mauhourat, N., Griffies, S., Haak, H., Hurlin, W., Jungclaus, J., Kelley, M., Lee, W., Marshall, J., Romanou, A., Saenko, O., Stammer, D. & Winton, M. (2016). The Flux-Anomaly-Forced Model Intercomparison Project (FAFMIP) contribution to CMIP6: Investigation of sea-level and ocean climate change in response to CO2 forcing. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 3993-4017. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3993-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Griffies, S., Danabasoglu, G., Durack, P., Adcroft, A., Balaji, V., Böning, C., Chassignet, E., Curchitser, E., Deshayes, J., Drange, H., Fox-Kemper, B., Gleckler, P., Gregory, J., Haak, H., Hallberg, R., Hewitt, H., Holland, D., Ilyina, T., Jungclaus, J., Komuro, Y., Krasting, J., Large, W., Marsland, S., Masina, S., McDougall, T., Nurser, A., Orr, J., Pirani, A., Qiao, F., Stouffer, R., Taylor, K., Treguier, A., Tsujino, H., Uotila, P., Valdivieso, M., Wang, Q., Winton, M. & Yeager, S. (2016). OMIP contribution to CMIP6: experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 3231-3296. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3231-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Grimm, R., Notz, D., Rysgaard, S., Glud, R. & Six, K.(2016). Assessment of the sea ice carbon pump: Insights from a three-dimensional ocean-sea-ice biogeochemical model (MPIOM/HAMOCC). Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 4, 136. doi:10.12952/journal.elementa.000136 [ Fulltext]
  • Haarsma, R., Roberts, M., Vidale, P., Senior, C., Bellucci, A., Bao, Q., Chang, P., Corti, S., Fučkar, N., Guemas, V., von Hardenberg, J., Hazeleger, W., Kodama, C., Koenigk, T., Leung, L., Lu, J., Luo, J.-J., Mao, J., Mizielinski, M., Mizuta, R., Nobre, P., Satoh, M., Scoccimarro, E., Semmler, T., Small, J. & von Storch, J.(2016). High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP v1.0) for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 4185-4208. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-66 [ Fulltext]
  • Hátún, H., Lohmann, K., Matei, D., Jungclaus, J., Pacariz, S., Bersch, M., Gislason, A., Ólafsson, J. & Reid, P. (2016). An inflated subpolar gyre blows life toward the northeastern Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography, 147, 49-66. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2016.07.009
  • Ilyina, T.(2016). Climate science: Hidden trends in the ocean carbon sink. Nature, 530, 426-427. doi:10.1038/530426a
  • Izquierdo, A., Kagan, B., Sein, D. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2016). Modelling in the Strait of Gibraltar: from operational oceanography to scale interactions. Fundamentalnaya i Prikladnaya Gidrofizika, 9, 15-24. [ Fulltext]
  • Jones, C., Arora, V., Friedlingstein, P., Bopp, L., Brovkin, V., Dunne, J., Graven, H., Hoffman, F., Ilyina, T., John, J., Jung, M., Kawamiya, M., Koven, C., Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Randerson, J. & Zaehle, S. (2016). C4MIP – The Coupled Climate–Carbon Cycle Model Intercomparison Project: experimental protocol for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 2853-2880. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2853-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Kadow, C., Illing, S., Kunst, O., Rust, H., Pohlmann, H., Müller, W. & Cubasch, U. (2016). Evaluation of forecasts by accuracy and spread in the MiKlip decadal climate prediction system. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 25, 631-643. doi:10.1127/metz/2015/0639 [ Fulltext]
  • Kaleschke, L., Tian-Kunze, X., Maaß, N., Beitsch, A., Wernecke, A., Miernecki, M., Müller, G., Fock, B., Gierisch, A., Schlünzen, H., Pohlmann, T., Dobrynin, T., Hendricks, S., Asseng, J., Gerdes, R., Jochmann, P., Reimer, N., Holfort, J., Melsheimer, C., Heygster, G., Spreen, G., Gerland, S., King, J., Skou, N., Søbjærg, S., Haas, C., Richter, F. & Casal, T. (2016). SMOS sea ice product: operational application and validation in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180(Spec. Iss. ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity Mission - Achievements and Applications), 264-273. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.009
  • Keitzl, T., Mellado, J.-P. & Notz, D.(2016). Impact of thermally driven turbulence on the bottom melting of ice. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1171-1187. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0126.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Keitzl, T., Mellado, J.-P. & Notz, D.(2016). Reconciling heat flux and salt flux estimates at a melting ice-ocean interface. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 121, 8419-8433. doi:10.1002/2016JC012018 [ Fulltext]
  • Klockmann, M., Mikolajewicz, U. & Marotzke, J.(2016). The effect of greenhouse gas concentrations and ice sheets on the glacial AMOC in a coupled climate model. Climate of the Past, 12, 1829-1846. doi:10.5194/cp-12-1829-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Kruschke, T., Rust, H., Kadow, C., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H., Leckebusch, G. & Ulbrich, U. (2016). Probabilistic evaluation of decadal prediction skill regarding Northern Hemisphere winter storms. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 25, 721-738. doi:10.1127/metz/2015/0641 [ Fulltext]
  • Landschützer, P., Gruber, N. & Bakker, D. (2016). Decadal variations and trends of the global ocean carbon sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 1396-1417. doi:10.1002/2015GB005359
  • Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R., Canadell, J., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J., Peters, G., Manning, A., Boden, T., Tans, P., Houghton, R., Keeling, R., Alin, S., Andrews, O., Anthoni, P., Barbero, L., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L., Ciais, P., Currie, K., Delire, C., Doney, S., Friedlingstein, P., Gkritzalis, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Hoppema, M., Goldewijk, K., Jain, A., Kato, E., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Melton, J., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P., Munro, D., Nabel, J., Nakaoka, S.-i., O'Brien, K., Olsen, A., Omar, A., Ono, T., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rödenbeck, C., Salisbury, J., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B., Sutton, A., Takahashi, T., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I., van der Werf, G., Viovy, N., Walker, A., Wiltshire, A. & Zaehle, S. (2016). Global Carbon Budget 2016. Earth System Science Data, 8, 605-649. doi:10.5194/essd-8-605-2016
  • Lee, Y., Matrai, P., Friedrichs, M., Saba, V., Aumont, O., Babin, M., Buitenhuis, E., Chevallier, M., de Mora, L., Dessert, M., Dunne, J., Ellingsen, I., Feldman, D., Frouin, R., Gehlen, M., Gorgues, T., Ilyina, T., Jin, M., John, J., Lawrence, J., Manizza, M., Menkes, C., Perruche, C., Le Fouest, V., Popova, E., Romanou, A., Samuelsen, A., Schwinger, J., Seferian, R., Stock, C., Tjiputra, J., Tremblay, B., Ueyoshi, K., Vichi, M., Yool, A. & Zhang, J. (2016). Net primary productivity estimates and environmental variables in the Arctic Ocean: An assessment of coupled physical-biogeochemical models. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 121, 8635-8669. doi:10.1002/2016JC011993 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, H., Ilyina, T., Müller, W. & Sienz, F.(2016). Decadal predictions of the North Atlantic CO2 uptake. Nature Communications, 7: 11076. doi:10.1038/ncomms11076 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Li, Z.(2016). Internal tides simulated by a 1/10° OGCM. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2297244 [ Fulltext]
  • Liu, L., Li, Z., Yang, X., Gong, H., Li, C. & Xiong, A. (2016). The long-term trend in the diurnal temperature range over Asia and its natural and anthropogenic causes. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 121, 3519-3533 . doi:10.1002/2015JD024549 [ Fulltext]
  • Luterbacher, J., Werner, J., Smerdon, J., Fernández-Donado, L., González-Rouco, F., Barriopedro, D., Ljungqvist, F., Büntgen, U., Zorita, E., Wagner, S., Esper, J., McCarroll, D., Toreti, A., Frank, D., Jungclaus, J., Barriendos, M., Bertolin, C., Bothe, O., Brázdil, R., Camuffo, D., Dobrovolný, P., Gagen, M., García-Bustamante, E., Ge, Q., Gómez-Navarro, J., Guiot, J., Hao, Z., Hegerl, G., Holmgren, K., Klimenko, V., Martín-Chivelet, J., Pfister, C., Roberts, N., Schindler, A., Schurer, A., Solomina, O., Von Gunten, L., Wahl, E., Wanner, H., Wetter, O., Xoplaki, E., Yuan, N., Zanchettin, D., Zhang, H. & Zerefos, C. (2016). European summer temperatures since Roman times. Environmental Research Letters, 11(2): 024001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024001 [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J., Müller, W., Vamborg, F., Becker, P., Cubasch, U., Feldmann, H., Kaspar, F., Kottmeier, C., Marini, C., Polkova, I., Prömmel, K., Rust, H., Stammer, D., Ulbrich, U., Kadow, C., Köhl, A., Kröger, J., Kruschke, T., Pinto, J., Pohlmann, H., Reyers, M., Schröder, M., Sienz, F., Timmreck, C. & Ziese, M. (2016). MiKlip - a National Research Project on Decadal Climate Prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 2379-2394. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00184.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Matsikaris, A., Widmann, M. & Jungclaus, J.(2016). Influence of proxy data uncertainty on data assimilation for the past climate. Climate of the Past, 12, 1555-1563. doi:10.5194/cp-12-1555-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Matsikaris, A., Widmann, M. & Jungclaus, J.(2016). Assimilating continental mean temperatures to reconstruct the climate of the late pre-industrial period. Climate Dynamics, 46, 3547-3566. doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2785-9
  • Milinski, M., Hilbe, C., Semmann, D., Sommerfeld, R. & Marotzke, J.(2016). Humans choose representatives who enforce cooperation in social dilemmas through extortion. Nature Communications, 7: 10915. doi:10.1038/NCOMMS10915 [ Fulltext]
  • Milinski, S., Bader, J., Haak, H., Siongco, A. & Jungclaus, J.(2016). High atmospheric horizontal resolution eliminates the wind-driven coastal warm bias in the southeastern tropical Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 10,455 -10,462. doi:10.1002/2016GL070530 [ Fulltext]
  • Mohino, E., Keenlyside, N. & Pohlmann, H.(2016). Decadal prediction of Sahel rainfall: where does the skill (or lack thereof) come from?. Climate Dynamics, 47, 3593-3612. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3416-9
  • Moreno-Chamarro, E.(2016). Climate and ocean variability during the last millennium in paleo-observations and Earth system model simulations. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2327224 [ Fulltext]
  • Mortin, J., Svensson, G., Graversen, R., Kapsch, M.-L., Stroeve, J. & Boisvert, L. (2016). Melt onset over Arctic sea ice controlled by atmospheric moisture transport. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 6636-6642. doi:10.1002/2016GL069330 [ Fulltext]
  • Nevison, C., Manizza, M., Keeling, R., Stephens, B., Bent, J., Dunne, J., Ilyina, T., Long, M., Resplandy, L., Tjiputra, J. & Yukimoto, S. (2016). Evaluating CMIP5 ocean biogeochemistry and Southern Ocean carbon uptake using atmospheric potential oxygen: Present-day performance and future projection. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2077-2085 . doi:10.1002/2015GL067584 [ Fulltext]
  • Niederdrenk, A., Sein, D. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2016). Interannual variability of the Arctic freshwater cycle in the second half of the twentieth century in a regionally coupled climate model. Climate Dynamics, 47, 3883-3900. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3047-1 [ Fulltext]
  • Niederdrenk, L. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2016). Variability of winter sea ice in Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian sea in a regionally coupled climate model. Polarforschung, 85, 81-84. doi:10.2312/polfor.2016.003 [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D. & Stroeve, J. (2016). Observed Arctic sea-ice loss directly follows anthropogenic CO2 emission. Science, 354, 747-750. doi:10.1126/science.aag2345
  • Notz, D.(2016). Atmospheric dynamics: Arctic winds of change. Nature Climate Change, 6, 824-825. doi:10.1038/nclimate3030
  • Notz, D., Jahn, A., Holland, M., Hunke, E., Massonnet, F., Tremblay, B. & Vancoppenolle, M. (2016). The CMIP6 Sea-Ice Model Intercomparison Project (SIMIP): understanding sea ice through climate-model simulations. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 3427-3446. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3427-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D. & Bitz, C. (2016). Sea ice in Earth system models. In Thomas, D. (Eds.), Sea Ice. - 3rd. ed. (pp.304-329). Chichester: Wiley.
  • Park, J.-Y., Bader, J. & Matei, D.(2016). Anthropogenic Mediterranean warming essential driver for present and future Sahel rainfall. Nature Climate Change, 6, 941-945. doi:10.1038/nclimate3065
  • Pattantyús-Ábrahám, M., Kadow, C., Illing, S., Müller, W., Pohlmann, H. & Steinbrecht, W. (2016). Bias and drift of the mid-range decadal climate prediction system (MiKlip) validated by European radiosonde data. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 25, 709-720. doi:10.1127/metz/2016/0803 [ Fulltext]
  • Popp, M., Schmidt, H. & Marotzke, J.(2016). Transition to a moist greenhouse state possible for both moderate solar and CO2 forcing. Nature Communications, 7: 10627. doi:10.1038/ncomms10627 [ Fulltext]
  • Rädel, G., Mauritsen, T., Stevens, B., Dommenget, D., Matei, D., Bellomo, K. & Clement, A. (2016). Amplification of El Niño by cloud longwave coupling to atmospheric circulation. Nature Geoscience, 9, 106-110. doi:10.1038/ngeo2630
  • Rechid, D., Meier, H., Schrum, C., Rummukainen, M., Moseley, C., Bülow, K., Elizalde, A., Su, J. & Pohlmann, T. (2016). Climate model simulation for the North Sea Region. In Quante, M. & Colijn, F. (Eds.), North Sea region climate change assessment (pp.495-504). Cham: Springer International Publ.. [ Fulltext]
  • Rimac, A., von Storch, J. & Eden, C. (2016). The total energy flux leaving the ocean's mixed layer. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1885-1900. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0115.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Ruti, P., Somot, S., Giorgi, F., Dubois, C., Flaounas, E., Obermann, A., Dell'Aquila, A., Pisacane, G., Harzallah, A., Lombardi, E., Ahrens, B., Akhtar, N., Alias, A., Arsouze, T., Aznar, R., Bastin, S., Bartholy, J., Beranger, K., Beuvier, J., Bouffies-Cloche, S., Brauch, J., Cabos, W., Calmanti, S., Calvet, J.-C., Carillo, A., Conte, D., Coppola, E., Djurdjevic, V., Drobinski, P., Elizalde, A., Gaertner, M., Galan, P., Gallardo, C., Gualdi, S., Goncalves, M., Jorba, O., Jorda, G., L'Heveder, B., Lebeaupin-Brossier, C., Li, L., Liguori, G., Lionello, P., Macias, D., Nabat, P., Onol, B., Raikovic, B., Ramage, K., Sevault, F., Sannino, G., Struglia, M., Sanna, A., Torma, C. & Vervatis, V. (2016). MED-CORDEX initiative for Mediterranean climate studies. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 1187-1208. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00176.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Schrum, C., Lowe, J., Meier, H., Grabemann, I., Holt, J., Mathis, M., Pohlmann, T., Skogen, M., Sterl, A. & Wakelin, S. (2016). Projected change - North Sea. In Quante, M. & Colijn, F. (Eds.), North Sea region climate change assessment (pp.175-217). Cham: Springer International Publ.. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39745-0_6 [ Fulltext]
  • Séférian, R., Gehlen, M., Bopp, L., Resplandy, L., Orr, J., Marti, O., Dunne, J., Christian, J., Doney, S., Ilyina, T., Lindsay, K., Halloran, P., Heinze, C., Segschneider, J., Tjiputra, J., Aumont, O. & Romanou, A. (2016). Inconsistent strategies to spin up models in CMIP5: Implications for ocean biogeochemical model performance assessment. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 1827-1851. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1827-2016 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Sienz, F., Müller, W. & Pohlmann, H.(2016). Ensemble size impact on the decadal predictive skill assessment. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 25, 645-655. doi:10.1127/metz/2016/0670 [ Fulltext]
  • Stroeve, J. & Notz, D.(2016). Corrigendum to insights on past and future sea-ice evolution from combining observations and models (vol 135, pg 119, 2015). Global and Planetary Change, 144, 270-270. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.07.003
  • Timmreck, C., Pohlmann, H., Illing, S. & Kadow, C. (2016). The impact of stratospheric volcanic aerosol on decadal-scale climate predictions. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 834-842. doi:10.1002/2015GL067431 [ Fulltext]
  • von Storch, J., Haak, H., Hertwig, E. & Fast, I. (2016). Vertical heat and salt fluxes due to resolved and parameterized meso-scale eddies. Ocean Modelling, 108, 1-18. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.10.001
  • Weinert, M., Mathis, M., Kröncke, I., Neumann, H., Pohlmann, T. & Reiss, H. (2016). Modelling climate change effects on benthos: Distributional shifts in the North Sea from 2001 to 2099. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 175, 157-168. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2016.03.024
  • Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Rubino, A. & Jungclaus, J.(2016). Multi-model ensemble analysis of Pacific and Atlantic SST variability in unperturbed climate simulations. Climate Dynamics, 47, 1073-1090. doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2889-2
  • Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Graf, H., Omrani, N.-E., Rubino, A. & Jungclaus, J.(2016). A decadally delayed response of the tropical Pacific to Atlantic multidecadal variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 784-792. doi:10.1002/2015GL067284 [ Fulltext]
  • Ziemen, F., Hock, R., Aschwanden, A., Khroulev, C., Kienholz, C., Melkonian, A. & Zhang, J. (2016). Modeling the evolution of the Juneau Icefield between 1971 and 2100 using the Parallel Ice Sheet Model (PISM). Journal of Glaciology, 62, 199-214. doi:10.1017/jog.2016.13 [ Fulltext]
  • Agarwal, N., Jungclaus, J., Köhl, A., Mechoso, C. & Stammer, D. (2015). Additional contributions to CMIP5 regional sea level projections resulting from Greenland and Antarctic ice mass loss. Environmental Research Letters, 10: 074008. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/7/074008 [ Fulltext]
  • Baehr, J., Fröhlich , K., Botzet, M., Domeisen, D., Kornblueh, L., Notz, D., Piontek, R., Pohlmann, H., Tietsche, S. & Müller, W.(2015). The prediction of surface temperature in the new seasonal prediction system based on the MPI-ESM coupled climate model. Climate Dynamics, 44, 2723-2735. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2399-7
  • Beitsch, A., Kern, S. & Kaleschke, L. (2015). Comparison of SSM/I and AMSR-E sea ice concentrations with ASPeCt ship observations around antarctica. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53, 1985-1996: 6898841. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2014.2351497
  • Bellucci, A., Haarsma, R., Gualdi, S., Athanasiadis, P., Caian, M., Cassou, C., Fernandez, E., Germe, A., Jungclaus, J., Kröger, J., Matei, D., Mueller, W., Pohlmann, H., Salas y Melia, D., Sanchez, E., Smith, D., Terray, L., Wyser, K. & Yang, S. (2015). An assessment of a multi-model ensemble of decadal climate predictions. Climate Dynamics, 44, 2787-2806. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2164-y
  • Boers, N., Bookhagen, B., Marengo, J., Marwan, N., von Storch, J. & Kurths, J. (2015). Extreme rainfall of the South American monsoon system: A dataset comparison using complex networks. Journal of Climate, 28, 1031-1056. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00340.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Bothe, O., Evans, M., Donado, L., Bustamante, E., Gergis, J., Gonzalez-Rouco, J., Goosse, H., Hegerl, G., Hind, A., Jungclaus, J., Kaufman, D., Lehner, F., McKay, N., Moberg, A., Raible, C., Schurer, A., Shi, F., Smerdon, J., Von Gunten, L., Wagner, S., Warren, E., Widmann, M., Yiou, P. & Zorita, E. (2015). Continental-scale temperature variability in PMIP3 simulations and PAGES 2k regional temperature reconstructions over the past millennium. Climate of the Past, 11, 1673-1699. doi:10.5194/cp-11-1673-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Böttinger, M., Pohlmann, H., Röber, N., Meier-Fleischer, K. & Spickermann, D. (2015). Visualization of 2D uncertainty in decadal climate predictions. In EuroVis Workshop on Visualization in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis 2015)doi:10.2312/envirvis.20151083
  • Bromhead, D., Scholey, V., Nicol, S., Margulies, D., Wexler, J., Stein, M., Hoyle, S., Lennert-Cody, C., Williamson, J., Havenhand, J., Ilyina, T. & Lehodey, P. (2015). The potential impact of ocean acidification upon eggs and larvae of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 113, 268-279. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.03.019
  • Corti, S., Palmer, T., Balmaseda, M., Weisheimer, A., Drijfhout, S., Dunstone, N., Hazeleger, W., Kröger, J., Pohlmann, H., Smith, D., von Storch, J. & Wouters, B. (2015). Impact of initial conditions versus external forcing in decadal climate predictions: A sensitivity experiment. Journal of Climate, 28, 4454-4470. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00671.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Dobrynin, M., Murawski, J., Baehr, J. & Ilyina, T.(2015). Detection and attribution of climate change signal in ocean wind waves. Journal of Climate, 28, 1578-1591. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00664.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Domeisen, D., Butler, A., Fröhlich, K., Bittner, M., Mueller, W. & Baehr, J. (2015). Seasonal predictability over Europe arising from El Niño and stratospheric variability in the MPI-ESM seasonal prediction system. Journal of Climate, 28, 256-271. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00207.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Ferrer-Gonzalez, M. & Ilyina, T.(2015). Mitigation potential, risks, and side-effects of ocean alkalinity enhancement. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 121(No. 408 - Deglacial Changes in Ocean Dynamics and Atmospheric CO2), 275-278. [ Fulltext]
  • Gao, Y., Sun, J., Li, F., He, S., Sandren, S., Yan, Q., Zhang, Z., Lohmann, K., Keenlyside, N., Furevik, T. & Suo, L. (2015). Arctic sea ice and Eurasian climate: a review. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 32, 92-114. doi:10.1007/s00376-014-0009-6 [ Fulltext]
  • Griewank, P. & Notz, D.(2015). A 1D model study of Arctic sea-ice salinity. The Cryosphere, 9, 305-329. doi:10.5194/tc-9-305-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Grimm, R., Maier-Reimer, E., Mikolajewicz, U., Schmiedl, G., Müller-Navarra, K., Adloff, F., Grant, K., Ziegler, M., Lourens, L. & Emeis, K. (2015). Late glacial initiation of Holocene eastern Mediterranean sapropel formation. Nature Communications, 6: 7099. doi:10.1038/ncomms8099 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Heinze, M. & Ilyina, T.(2015). Effects of changing ocean circulation on the marine carbon cycle during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 121(No. 408 - Deglacial Changes in Ocean Dynamics and Atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub>), 301-303. [ Fulltext]
  • Heinze, M.(2015). Modelling the carbon cycle during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. [ Fulltext]
  • Heinze, M. & Ilyina, T.(2015). Ocean biogeochemistry in the warm climate of the late Paleocene. Climate of the Past, 11, 63-79. doi:10.5194/cp-11-63-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Hertwig, E., Lunkeit, F. & Fraedrich, K.(2015). Low-frequency climate variability of an aquaplanet. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 121, 459-478. doi:10.1007/s00704-014-1226-8
  • Hertwig, E., von Storch, J., Handorf, D., Dethloff, D. & Krismer, T.(2015). Effect of horizontal resolution on ECHAM6-AMIP performance. Climate Dynamics, 45, 185-211. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2396-x
  • Ilyina, T.(2015). The combined effects of changes in ocean chemistry, biology, and hydrodynamics on alkalinity. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 121(No. 408 - Deglacial Changes in Ocean Dynamics and Atmospheric CO2), 107-110. [ Fulltext]
  • Jung, T., Doblas-Reyes, F., Gößling, H., Guemas, V., Bitz, C., Buontempo, C., Caballero, R., Jakobson, E., Jungclaus, J., Karcher, M., Koenigk, T., Matei, D., Overland, J., Spengler, T. & Yang, S. (2015). Polar lower-latitude linkages and their role in weather and climate prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, ES197-ES200. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00121.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Kehse, U. (2015). ... und jetzt zum Klima von morgen. MaxPlanckForschung, 1/15, 69-75. [ Fulltext]
  • Krapp, M. & Jungclaus, J.(2015). Pacific variablity under present-day and middle Miocene boundary conditions. Climate Dynamics, 44, 2609-2621. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2456-2
  • Krismer, T., Giorgetta, M., Fast, I. & von Storch, J.(2015). The influence of the spectral truncation on the simulation of waves in the tropical stratosphere. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72, 3819-3828. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0240.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Le Quéré, C., Moriarty, R., Andrew, R., Peters, G., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Jones, S., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Boden, T., Bopp, L., Bozec, Y., Canadell, J., Chevallier, F., Cosca, C., Harris, I., Hoppema, M., Houghton, R., House, J., Jain, A., Johannessen, T., Kato, E., Keeling, R., Kitidis, V., Goldewij, K., Koven, C., Landa, C., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Lima, I., Marland, G., Mathis, J., Metzl, N., Nojiri, Y., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Peters, W., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Salisbury, J., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Segschneider, J., Steinhoff, T., Stocker, B., Sutton, A., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., van der Werf, G., Viovy, N., Wang, Y.-P., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A. & Zeng, N. (2015). Global carbon budget 2014. Earth System Science Data, 7, 47-85. doi:10.5194/essd-7-47-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Leissner, J., Kilian, R., Kotova, L., Jacob, D., Mikolajewicz, U., Broström, T., Ashley-Smith, J., Schellen, H., Martens, M., van Schijndel, J., Antretter, F., Winkler, M., Bertolin, C., Camuffo, D., Simeunovic, G. & Vyhlídal, T. (2015). Climate for Culture: assessing the impact of climate change on the future indoor climate in historic buildings using simulations. Heritage Science, 3: 38. doi:10.1186/s40494-015-0067-9 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, C., Stevens, B. & Marotzke, J.(2015). Eurasian winter cooling in the warming hiatus of 1998-2012. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 , 8131-8139. doi:10.1002/2015GL065327 [ Fulltext]
  • Li, Z., von Storch, J. & Müller, M. (2015). The M2 internal tide simulated by a 1/10° OGCM. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 3119-3135. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0228.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Lohmann, G., Schneider, R., Jungclaus, J., Leduc, G., Fischer, N., Pfeiffer, M. & Laepple, T. (2015). Evaluation of Eemian and Holocene climate trends: Combining marine archives with climate modelling. In Schulz, M. & Paul, A. (Eds.), Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC) (pp.31-35). Cham: Springer .
  • Lohmann, K., Mignot, J., Langehaug, H., Jungclaus, J., Matei, D., Otterå, O., Gao, Y., Mjell, T., Ninnemann, U. & Kleiven, K. (2015). Using simulations of the last millenium to understand variability seen in paleo-observations: Similar variation of Iceland-Scotland overflow strength and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Climate of the Past, 11, 203-216. doi:10.5194/cp-11-203-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Lozán, J., Grassl, H., Kasang, D., Notz, D. & Escher-Vetter, H. (2015). Der Klimawandel und das Eis der Erde: ein Überblick. In Warnsignal Klima: Das Eis der Erde (pp.11-18). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. [ Fulltext]
  • Lozán, J., Grassl, H., Kasang, D., Notz, D. & Escher-Vetter, H. (Eds.). (2015). Warnsignal Klima: Das Eis der Erde. Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen.
  • Marotzke, J. & Forster , P. (2015). Forcing, feedback and internal variability in global temperature trends. Nature, 517, 565-570. doi:10.1038/nature14117
  • Marotzke, J.(2015). Vorhersagen sind schwierig ... : Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von Klimamodellen. In Marotzke, J. & Stratmann, M. (Eds.), Die Zukunft des Klimas (pp.9-22). München: C.H. Beck.
  • Marotzke, J.(2015). Das Plateau in der globalen Temperatur: kein systematischer Fehler der Klimamodelle. [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J. & Stratmann, M. (Eds.). (2015). Die Zukunft des Klimas : Neue Erkenntnisse, neue Herausforderungen. Ein Report der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. München: C.H. Beck.
  • Mathis, M., Elizalde, A., Mikolajewicz, U. & Pohlmann, T. (2015). Variability patterns of the general circulation and sea water temperature in the North Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 135, 91-112. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2015.04.009
  • Matsikaris , A., Widmann, M. & Jungclaus, J.(2015). On-line and off-line data assimilation in palaeoclimatology: a case study. Climate of the Past, 11, 81-93. doi:10.5194/cp-11-81-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • McDonagh, E., King, B., Bryden, H., Courtois, P., Szuts, Z., Baringer, M., Cunningham, S., Atkinson, C. & McCarthy, G. (2015). Continuous estimate of Atlantic oceanic freshwater flux at 26.5 degrees N. Journal of Climate, 28, 8888-8906. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00519.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Milinski, M. & Marotzke, J.(2015). Das Klimaspiel: Warum scheitern Klimaverhandlungen?. In Marotzke, J. & Stratmann, M. (Eds.), Die Zukunft des Klimas (pp.93-103). München: C.H. Beck.
  • Moreno-Chamarro, E., Zanchettin, D., Lohmann, K. & Jungclaus, J.(2015). Internally generated decadal cold events in the northern North Atlantic and their possible implications for the demise of the Norse settlements in Greenland. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 908-915. doi:10.1002/2014GL062741 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Müller, W., Matei, D., Bersch, M., Jungclaus, J., Haak, H., Lohmann, K., Lompo, G., Sardeshmak, P. & Marotzke, J.(2015). A twentieth-century reanalysis forced ocean model to reconstruct the North Atlantic climate variation during the 1920s. Climate Dynamics, 44, 1935-1955. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2267-5
  • Nevison, C., Manizza, M., Keeling, R., Kahru, M., Bopp, L., Dunne, J., Tiputra, J., Ilyina, T. & Mitchell, B. (2015). Evaluating the ocean biogeochemical components of Earth system models using atmospheric potential oxygen and ocean color data. Biogeosciences, 12, 193-208. doi:10.5194/bg-12-193-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Nevison, C., Manizza, M., Keeling, R., Kahru, M., Bopp, L., Dunne, J., Tiputra, J., Ilyina, T. & Mitchell, B. (2015). Corrigendum to "Evaluating the ocean biogeochemical components of Earth system models using atmospheric potential oxygen and ocean color data" (Biogeosciences, 12, 193–208, 2015). Biogeosciences, 12, 2891. doi:10.5194/bg-12-2891-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D.(2015). Historische und zukünftige Entwicklung des arktischen Meereises. In Warnsignal Klima: Das Eis der Erde (pp.194-198). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D.(2015). Das aktuelle Abschmelzen des arktischen Meereises. In Warnsignal Klima: Das Eis der Erde (pp.199-203). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D.(2015). How well must climate models agree with observations?. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 373: 20140164. doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0164
  • Notz, D.(2015). Bedeutung des Meereises für das Weltklima. In Warnsignal Klima: Das Eis der Erde (pp.189-193). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D.(2015). Das Meereis in der Antarktis. In Warnsignal Klima: Das Eis der Erde (pp.204-209). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. [ Fulltext]
  • Park, J.-Y., Bader, J. & Matei, D.(2015). Northern-hemispheric differential warming is the key to understanding the discrepancies in the projected Sahel rainfall. Nature Communications, 6: 5985. doi:10.1038/ncomms6985 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Pascolini-Campbell, M., Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Timmreck, C., Matei, D., Jungclaus, J. & Graf, H.-F. (2015). Toward a record of Central Pacific El Niño events since 1880. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 119, 379-389. doi:10.1007/s00704-014-1114-2
  • Popp, M., Schmidt, H. & Marotzke, J.(2015). Initiation of a runaway greenhouse in a cloudy column. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72, 452-471. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-047.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Rauser, F., Gleckler, P. & Marotzke, J.(2015). Rethinking the default construction of multi-model climate ensembles. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 911-919. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00181.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Rauser, F., Marotzke, J. & Korn, P.(2015). Ensemble-type numerical uncertainty information from single model integrations. Journal of Computational Physics, 292, 30-42. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2015.02.043
  • Schmiedl, G., Adloff, F., Emeis, K., Grimm, R., Kucera, M., Maier-Reimer, E., Mikolajewicz, U., Möbius, J. & Müller-Navarra, K. (2015). Holocene climate dynamics, biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem variability in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. In Schulz, M. & Paul, A. (Eds.), Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC) (pp.115-120). Cham: Springer .
  • Sein, D., Mikolajewicz, U., Groeger, M., Fast, I., Cabos , W., Pinto, J., Hagemann, S., Semmler, T., Izquierdo, A. & Jacob, D. (2015). Regionally coupled atmosphere-ocean-sea ice-marine biogeochemistry model ROM. Part 1: Description and validation. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7, 268-304. doi:10.1002/2014MS000357 [ Fulltext]
  • Stemmler, I., Hense, I. & Quack, B. (2015). Marine sources of bromoform in the global open ocean - Global patterns and emissions. Biogeosciences, 12, 1967-1981. doi:10.5194/bg-12-1967-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Stössel, A., Notz, D., Haumann, F., Haak, H., Jungclaus, J. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2015). Controlling high-latitude Southern Ocean convection in climate models. Ocean Modelling, 86, 58-75. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.11.008
  • Stroeve, J. & Notz, D.(2015). Insights on past and future sea-ice evolution from combining observations and models. Global and Planetary Change, 135, 119-132. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.10.011
  • Sudarchikova, N., Mikolajewicz, U., Timmreck, C., O'Donnell, D., Schurgers, G., Sein, D. & Zhang, K. (2015). Modelling of mineral dust for interglacial and glacial climate conditions with a focus on Antarctica. Climate of the Past, 11, 765-779. doi:10.5194/cp-11-765-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Swapna, P., Roxy, M., Aparna, K., Kulkarni, K., Prajeesh, A., Ashok, K., Krishnan, R., Moorthi, S., Kumar, A. & Goswami, B. (2015). The IITM earth system model. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1351-1367. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00276.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Swingedouw, D., Rodehacke, C., Olsen, S., Menary, M., Gao, Y., Mikolajewicz, U. & Mignot, J. (2015). On the reduced sensitivity of the Atlantic overturning to Greenland ice sheet melting in projections: a multi-model assessment. Climate Dynamics, 44, 3261-3279. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2270-x
  • Vizcaíno, M., Mikolajewicz, U., Ziemen, F., Rodehacke, C., Greve, R. & van den Broeke, M. (2015). Coupled simulations of the Greenland ice sheet and climate change up to AD 2300. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 3927-3935. doi:10.1002/2014GL061142 [ Fulltext]
  • Wegner, A., Sudarchikova, N., Fischer, H. & Mikolajewicz, U.(2015). Mineral dust variability in Antarctic ice for different climate conditions. In Schulz, M. & Paul, A. (Eds.), Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC) (pp.83-88). Cham: Springer .
  • Wiese, M., Griewank, P. & Notz, D.(2015). On the thermodynamics of melting sea ice versus melting freshwater ice. Annals of Glaciology, 56, 191-199. doi:10.3189/2015AoG69A874
  • Winter, A., Zanchettin, D., Miller, T., Kushnir, Y., Black, D., Lohmann, G., Burnett, A., Haug, G., Estrella-Martinez, J., Breitenbach, S., Beaufort, L., Rubino, A. & Cheng, H. (2015). Persistent drying in the tropics linked to natural forcing. Nature Communications, 6: 7627. doi:10.1038/ncomms8627 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Lehner, F., Ortega, P., Raible, C. & Swingedouw, D. (2015). Reconciling reconstructed and simulated features of the winter Pacific/North American pattern in the early 19th century. Climate of the Past, 11, 939-958. doi:10.5194/cp-11-939-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Ba, J., Keenlyside, N., Latif, M., Park, W., Ding, H., Lohmann, K., Mignot, J., Menary, M., Otterå, O., Wouters, B., Salas y Melia, D., Oka, A., Bellucci, A. & Volodin, E. (2014). A multi-model comparison for Atlantic multidecadal variability. Climate Dynamics, 43, 2333-2348. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2056-1
  • Bakker, P., Masson-Delmotte, V., Martrat, B., Charbit, S., Renssen, H., Groeger, M., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Lohmann, G., Lunt, D., Pfeiffer, M., Phipps, S., Prange, M., Ritz, S., Schulz, M., Stenni, B., Stone, E. & Varma, V. (2014). Temperature trends during the present and last interglacial periods - a multi-model-data comparison. Quaternary Science Reviews, 99, 224-243. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.031
  • Bauer, W., Baumann, M., Scheck, L., Gassmann, A., Heuveline, V. & Jones, S. (2014). Simulation of tropical-cyclone-like vortices in shallow-water ICON-hex using goal-oriented r-adaptivity. Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, 28, 107-128. doi:10.1007/s00162-013-0303-4
  • Beitsch, A., Jungclaus, J. & Zanchettin, D.(2014). Patterns of decadal-scale Arctic warming events in simulated climate. Climate Dynamics, 43, 1773-1789. doi:10.1007/s00382-013-2004-5
  • Bülow, K., Dieterich, C., Elizalde, A., Gröger, M., Heinrich, H., Hüttl-Kabus, S., Klein, B., Mayer , B., Meier, H., Mikolajewicz, U., Narayan, N., Pohlmann, T., Rosenhagen, G., Schimanke, S., Sein, D. & Su, J. (2014). Comparison of three regional coupled ocean atmosphere models for the North Sea under today‘s and future climate conditions. KLIWAS Schriftenreihe, 27/2014.
  • Dueben, P. & Korn, P.(2014). Atmosphere and ocean modeling on grids of variable resolution - A 2D case study. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 1997-2017. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00217.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Exarchou, E., von Storch, J. & Jungclaus, J.(2014). Sensitivity of transient climate change to tidal mixing : Southern Ocean heat uptake in climate change experiments performed with MPI ECHAM/MPIOM. Climate Dynamics, 42, 1755-1773. doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1776-y
  • Flato, G., Marotzke, J., Abiodun, B., Braconnot, P., Chou, S., Collins, W., Cox, P., Driouech, F., Emori, S., Eyring, V., Forest, C., Gleckler, P., Guilyardi, E., Jakob, C., Kattsov, V., Reason, C., Rummukainen, M. & more, . (2014). Evaluation of climate models. In Stocker, T. & more, . (Eds.), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (pp.741-866). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.020 [ Fulltext]
  • Fripiat, F., André, L., Notz, D. & DeLille, B. (2014). Biogenic silica recycling in sea inferred from SI-isotopes : constraints from Arctic winter first-year sea ice. Biogeochemistry, 119, 25-33. doi:10.1007/s10533-013-9911-8
  • Gehlen, M., Séférian, R., Jones, D., Roy, T., Roth, R., Barry, J., Bopp, L., Doney, S., Dunne, J., Heinze, C., Joos, F., Orr, J., Resplandy, L., Segschneider, J. & Tjiputra, J. (2014). Projected pH reductions by 2100 might put deep North Atlantic biodiversity at risk. Biogeosciences, 11, 6955-6967. doi:10.5194/bg-11-6955-2014 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Graf, H.-F., Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C. & Bittner, M.(2014). Observational constraints on the tropospheric and near-surface signature of the Northern Hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex. Climate Dynamics, 43, 3245-3266. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2101-0
  • Griewank, P.(2014). A 1D model study of brine dynamics in sea ice. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.1909684 [ Fulltext]
  • Haumann, F., Notz, D. & Schmidt, H.(2014). Anthropogenic influence on recent circulation-driven Antarctic sea-ice changes. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 8429-8437. doi:10.1002/2014GL061659 [ Fulltext]
  • Hoffman, F., Randerson, J., Arora, V., Bao, Q., Cadule, P., Ji, D., Jones, C., Kawamiya, M., Khatiwala, S., Lindsay, K., Obata, A., Shevliakova, E., Six, K., Tjiputra, J., Volodin, E. & Wu, T. (2014). Causes and implications of persistent atmospheric carbon dioxide biases in Earth System Models. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 119, 141-162. doi:10.1002/2013JG002381 [ Fulltext]
  • Jungclaus, J.(2014). Die Rolle ozeanischer Wärmetransporte für das Klima der Arktis im letzten Jahrtausend. In Lozán, J., Grassl, H., Notz, D. & Piepenburg, D. (Eds.), Warnsignal Klima: Die Polarregionen (pp.243-247). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen.
  • Jungclaus, J., Lohmann, K. & Zanchettin, D.(2014). Enhanced 20<sup>th</sup> century heat transfer to the Arctic simulated in context of climate variations over last millennium. Climate of the Past, 10, 2201-2213. doi:10.5194/cp-10-2201-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Keitzl, T., Notz, D. & Mellado, J.-P.(2014). How fast does ice melt from below?. APS Division of Fluid Dynamics GFM. doi:10.1103/APS.DFD.2014.GFM.V0020 [ Fulltext]
  • Koeve, W., Duteil, O., Oschlies, A., Kähler, P. & Segschneider, J.(2014). Methods to evaluate CaCO<sub>3</sub> cycle modules in coupled global biogeochemical ocean models. Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 2393 -2408. doi:10.5194/gmd-7-2393-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Le Quéré, C., Peters, G., Andres, R., Andrew, R., Boden, T., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Houghton, R., Marland, G., Moriarty, R., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Arvanitis, A., Bakker, D., Bopp, L., Canadell, J., Chini, L., Doney, S., Harper, A., Harris, I., House, J., Jain, A., Jones, S., Kato, E., Keeling, R., Goldewijk, K., Körtzinger, A., Koven, C., Lefèvre, N., Omar, A., Ono, T., Park, G.-H., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Schwinger, J., Segschneider, J., Stocker, B., Tilbrook, B., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S. & Yue, C. (2014). Global carbon budget 2013. Earth System Science Data, 6, 235-263. doi:10.5194/essd-6-235-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Liu , C., Wang, F., Chen, X. & von Storch, J.(2014). Interannual variability of the Kuroshio onshore intrusion along the East China Sea shelf break: Effect of the Kuroshio volume transport. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 6190-6209. doi:10.1002/2013JC009653 [ Fulltext]
  • Lohmann, K., Jungclaus, J., Matei, D., Mignot, J., Menary, H., Langenberg, H., Ba, J., Gao, Y., Otterå, O., Park , W. & Lorenz, S.(2014). The role of subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows in simulated multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Ocean Science, 10, 227-241. doi:10.5194/os-10-227-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Lozán, J., Grassl, H., Notz, D. & Piepenburg, D. (Eds.). (2014). Warnsignal Klima: Die Polarregionen. Wissenschaftliche Fakten. Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. [ Fulltext]
  • Man, W., Zhou, T. & Jungclaus, J.(2014). Effects of large volcanic eruptions on global summer climate and east asian monsoon changes during the last millennium: Analysis of MPI-ESM simulations. Journal of Climate, 27, 7394 -7409. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00739.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J.(2014). Klimamodelle und globale Erwärmung. Physik in unserer Zeit, 45, 118-125. doi:10.1002/piuz.201401363
  • Meehl, G., Goddard, L., Kirtman, B., Branstator, G., Danabasoglu, G., Hawkins, E., Kumar, A., Rosati, T., Smith, D., Sutton, R., Boer, G., Burgman, R., Carson, C., Corti, S., Karspeck, A., Keenlyside, N., Kimoto, M., Matei, D., Mignot, J., Msadek, R., Navarra, A., Pohlmann, H., Rienecker, M., Schneider, E., Tebaldi, C., Teng, H., van Oldenborgh, G., Vecchi, G. & Yeager, S. (2014). Decadal climate prediction: An update from the trenches. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 243-267. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00241.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Mueller, W., Pohlmann, H., Sienz, F. & Smith , D. (2014). Decadal climate predictions for the period 1901-2010 with a coupled climate model. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 2100-2107. doi:10.1002/2014GL059259 [ Fulltext]
  • Müller, M., Cherniawsky, J., Foreman, M. & von Storch, J.(2014). Seasonal variation of the M2 tide. Ocean Dynamics, 64, 159-177. doi:10.1007/s10236-013-0679-0
  • Nakayama, K., Shintani, T., Shimizu, K., Okada, T., Hinata, H. & Komai, K. (2014). Horizontal and residual circulations driven by wind stress curl in Tokyo Bay. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 119, 1977-1992. doi:10.1002/2013JC009396 [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D.(2014). Sea-ice extent and its trend provide limited metrics of model performance. The Cryosphere, 8, 229-243. doi:10.5194/tc-8-229-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Notz, D.(2014). Veränderung der Dicke und Ausdehnung des Polarmeereises. In Lozán, J., Grassl, H., Notz, D. & Piepenburg, D. (Eds.), Warnsignal Klima: Die Polarregionen (pp.121-127). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen.
  • Notz, D.(2014). Erwärmung der Polarregionen in den letzten 50 Jahren: Ursachen und Folgen. In Lozán, J., Grassl, H., Notz, D. & Piepenburg, D. (Eds.), Warnsignal Klima: Die Polarregionen (pp.230-235). Hamburg: Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen.
  • Olason, E. & Notz, D.(2014). Drivers of variability in Arctic sea-ice drift speed. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 119, 5755-5775. doi:10.1002/2014JC009897 [ Fulltext]
  • Polkova, I.(2014). Impact of initialization procedures on the predictive skill of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model and related mechanisms for predictability. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2039418 [ Fulltext]
  • Polkova, I., Köhl, A. & Stammer, D.(2014). Impact of initialization procedures on the predictive skill of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Climate Dynamics, 42, 3151-3169. doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1969-4
  • Popp, M.(2014). Climate instabilities under strong solar forcing. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. [ Fulltext]