Previous Publications (Working Group Middle and Upper Atmosphere)

  • Jungclaus, J., Bard, E., Baroni, M., Braconnot, P., Cao, J., Chini, L., Egorova, T., Evans, M., González-Rouco, J., Goosse, H., Hurtt, G., Joos, F., Kaplan, J., Khodri, M., Klein Goldewijk, K., Krivova, N., LeGrande, A., Lorenz, S., Luterbacher, J., Man, W., Meinshausen, M., Moberg, A., Nehrbass-Ahles, C., Otto-Bliesner, B., Phipps, S., Pongratz, J., Rozanov, E., Schmidt, G., Schmidt, H., Schmutz, W., Schurer, A., Shapiro, A., Sigl, M., Smerdon, J., Solanki, S., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Usoskin, I., Wagner, S., Wu, C.-Y., Yeo, K., Zanchettin, D., Zhang, Q. & Zorita, E. (2017). The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 3: the Last Millennium, scientific objective and experimental design for the PMIP4 past1000 simulations. Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 4005-4033. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-278 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Niemeier, U. & Schmidt, H. (2017). Changing transport processes in the stratosphere by radiative heating of sulfate aerosols. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 14871-14886. doi:10.5194/acp-17-14871-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Niemeier, U. & Tilmes, S. (2017). Sulfur injections for a cooler planet. Science, 357, 246-248. doi:10.1126/science.aan3317
  • Zanchettin, D., Pausata, F., Khodri, M., Timmreck, C., Graf, H., Jungclaus, J., Robock, A., Rubino, A. & Thompson, V. (2017). Toward predicting volcanically-forced decadal climate variability. Past Global Changes Magazine, 25, 25-31. doi:10.22498/pages.25.1.14 [ Fulltext]
  • Bittner, M., Schmidt, H., Timmreck, C. & Sienz, F. (2016). Using a large ensemble of simulations to assess the Northern Hemisphere stratospheric dynamical response to tropical volcanic eruptions and its uncertainty. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9324-9332. doi:10.1002/2016GL070587 [ Fulltext]
  • Bittner, M., Timmreck, C., Schmidt, H., Toohey, M. & Krüger , K. (2016). The impact of wave-mean flow interaction on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex after tropical volcanic eruptions. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 121, 5281-5297. doi:10.1002/2015JD024603 [ Fulltext]
  • Kremser, S., Thomason, L., von Hobe, M., Hermann, M., Deshler, T., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Stenke, A., Schwarz, J., Weigel, R., Fueglistaler, S., Prata, F., Vernier, J., Schlager, H., Barnes, J., Antuña‐Marrero, J., Fairlie, D., Palm, M., Mahieu, E., Notholt, J., Rex, M., Bingen, C., Vanhellemont, F., Bourassa, A., Plane, J., Klocke, D., Carn, S., Clarisse, L., Trickl, T., Neely, R., James, A., Rieger, L., Wilson, J. & Meland, B. (2016). Stratospheric aerosol - Observations, processes, and impact on climate. Reviews of Geophysics, 54, 278-335. doi:10.1002/2015RG000511 [ Fulltext]
  • Laakso, A., Kokkola, H., Partanen, A.-I., Niemeier, U., Timmreck, C., Lehtinen, K., Hakkarainen, H. & Korhonen, H. (2016). Radiative and climate impacts of a large volcanic eruption during stratospheric sulfur geoengineering. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, 305-323. doi:10.5194/acp-16-305-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Marotzke, J., Müller, W., Vamborg, F., Becker, P., Cubasch, U., Feldmann, H., Kaspar, F., Kottmeier, C., Marini, C., Polkova, I., Prömmel, K., Rust, H., Stammer, D., Ulbrich, U., Kadow, C., Köhl, A., Kröger, J., Kruschke, T., Pinto, J., Pohlmann, H., Reyers, M., Schröder, M., Sienz, F., Timmreck, C. & Ziese, M. (2016). MiKlip - a National Research Project on Decadal Climate Prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 2379-2394. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00184.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Raible, C., Brönnimann, S., Auchmann, R., Brohan, P., Frölicher, T., Graf, H., Jones, P., Luterbacher, J., Muthers, S., Neukom, R., Robock, A., Self, S., Sudrajat, A., Timmreck, C. & Wegmann, M. (2016). Tambora 1815 as a test case for high impact volcanic eruptions: Earth system effects. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 7, 569-589. doi:10.1002/wcc.407 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C., Pohlmann, H., Illing, S. & Kadow, C. (2016). The impact of stratospheric volcanic aerosol on decadal-scale climate predictions. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 834-842. doi:10.1002/2015GL067431 [ Fulltext]
  • Toohey, M., Stevens, B., Schmidt, H. & Timmreck, C. (2016). Easy Volcanic Aerosol (EVA v1.0): An idealized forcing generator for climate simulations. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 4049-4070. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-4049-2016 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Khodri, M., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Schmidt, A., Gerber, E., Hegerl, G., Robock, A., Pausata, F., Ball, W., Bauer, S., Bekki, S., Dhomse, S., LeGrande, A., Mann, G., Marshall, L., Mills, M., Marchand, M., Niemeier, U., Paulain, V., Rubino, A., Stenke, A., Tsigaridis, K. & Tummon, F. (2016). The Model Intercomparison Project on the climatic response to volcanic forcing (VolMIP): Experimental design and forcing input data. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 2701-2719. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2701-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Aaheim, A., Romstad, B., Wei, T., Kristjánsson, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U. & Schmidt, H. (2015). An economic evaluation of solar radiation management. Science of the Total Environment, 532, 61-69. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.05.106
  • Aswathy, V., Boucher, O., Quaas, M., Niemeier, U., Muri, H., Mülmenstädt, J. & Quaas, J. (2015). Climate extremes in multi-model simulations of stratospheric aerosol and marine cloud brightening climate engineering. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 9593-9610. doi:10.5194/acp-15-9593-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Bândə, N., Krol, M., Van Noije, T., Van Weele, M., Williams, J., Sager, P., Niemeier, U., Thomason, L. & Röckmann, T. (2015). The effect of stratospheric sulfur from Mount Pinatubo on tropospheric oxidizing capacity and methane. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120, 1202-1220. doi:10.1002/2014JD022137 [ Fulltext]
  • Hommel, R., Timmreck, C., Giorgetta, M. & Graf, H. (2015). Quasi-biennial oscillation of the tropical stratospheric aerosol layer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 5557-5584. doi:10.5194/acp-15-5557-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Kravitz, B., Robock, A., Tilmes, S., Boucher, O., English, J., Irvine, P., Jones, A., Lawrence, M., MacCracken, M., Muri, H., Moore, J., Niemeier, U., Phipps, S., Sillmann, J., Storelvmo, T., Wang, H. & Watanabe, S. (2015). The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (GeoMIP6): Simulation design and preliminary results. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, 3379-3392. doi:10.5194/gmd-8-3379-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Mann, G., Dhomse, S., Deshler, T., Timmreck, C., Schmidt, A., Neely, R. & Thomason, L. (2015). Evolving particle size is the key to improved volcanic forcings. Past Global Changes Magazine, 23, 52-53. doi:10.22498/pages.23.2.52 [ Fulltext]
  • Muri, H., Niemeier, U. & Kristjánsson, J. (2015). Tropical rainforest response to marine sky brightening climate engineering. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 2951-2960. doi:10.1002/2015GL063363 [ Fulltext]
  • Niemeier, U. & Timmreck, C. (2015). What is the limit of climate engineering by stratospheric injection of SO2?. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 9129-9141. doi:10.5194/acp-15-9129-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Pascolini-Campbell, M., Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Timmreck, C., Matei, D., Jungclaus, J. & Graf, H.-F. (2015). Toward a record of Central Pacific El Niño events since 1880. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 119, 379-389. doi:10.1007/s00704-014-1114-2
  • Sudarchikova, N., Mikolajewicz, U., Timmreck, C., O'Donnell, D., Schurgers, G., Sein, D. & Zhang, K. (2015). Modelling of mineral dust for interglacial and glacial climate conditions with a focus on Antarctica. Climate of the Past, 11, 765-779. doi:10.5194/cp-11-765-2015
  • Tilmes, S., Mills, M., Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Robock, A., Kravitz, B., Lamarque, J.-F., Pitari, G. & English, J. (2015). A new Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) experiment designed for climate and chemistry models. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, 43-49. doi:10.5194/gmd-8-43-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C., Khodri, M., Robock, A., Rubino, A., Schmidt, A. & Toohey, M. (2015). A coordinated modeling assessment of the climate response to volcanic forcing. Past Global Changes Magazine, 23, 54-55. [ Fulltext]
  • Curry, C., Sillmann, J., Bronaugh, D., Alterskjaer, K., Cole, J., Ji, D., Kravitz, B., Kristjansson, J., Moore, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Robock, A., Tilmes, S. & Yang, S. (2014). A multimodel examination of climate extremes in an idealized geoengineering experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119, 3900-3923. doi:10.1002/2013JD020648 [ Fulltext]
  • Graf, H.-F., Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C. & Bittner, M. (2014). Observational constraints on the tropospheric and near-surface signature of the Northern Hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex. Climate Dynamics, 43, 3245-3266. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2101-0
  • Huneeus, N., Boucher, O., Alterskjær, K., Cole, J., Curry, C., Ji, D., Jones, A., Kravitz, B., Kristjánsson, J., Moore, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Rasch, P., Robock, A., Singh, B., Schmidt, H., Schulz, M., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S. & Yoon, J.-H. (2014). Forcings and feedbacks in the GeoMIP ensemble for a reduction in solar irradiance and increase in CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119, 5226-5239. doi:10.1002/2013JD021110 [ Fulltext]
  • Irvine, P., Boucher, O., Kravitz, B., Alterskjaer, K., Cole, J., Ji, D., Jones, A., Lunt, D., Moore, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Robock, A., Singh, B., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S., Yang, S. & Yoon, J.-H. (2014). Key factors governing uncertainty in the response to sunshade geoengineering from a comparison of the GeoMIP ensemble and a perturbed parameter ensemble. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119, 7946-7962. doi:10.1002/2013JD020716 [ Fulltext]
  • Metzner, D., Toohey, M., Kutterolf, S., Timmreck, C., Niemeier, U., Freundt, A. & Krüger, K. (2014). Radiative forcing and climate impact resulting from the SO2 injections by large Plinian eruptions along the Central American Volcanic Arc. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103, 2063-2079. doi:10.1007/s00531-012-0814-z
  • Moore, J., Rinke, A., Yu, X., Ji, D., Cui, X., Li, Y., Alterskjaer, K., Kristjansson, J., Muri, H., Boucher, O., Huneeus, N., Kravitz, B., Robock, A., Niemeier, U., Schulz, M., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S. & Yang, S. (2014). Arctic sea ice and atmospheric circulation under the GeoMIP G1 scenario. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119, 567-583. doi:10.1002/2013JD021060 [ Fulltext]
  • Toohey, M., Krüger, K., Bittner, M., Timmreck, C. & Schmidt, H. (2014). The impact of volcanic aerosol on the northern hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex: mechanism and sensitivity to forcing structure. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 13063-13079. doi:10.5194/acp-14-13063-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Xia, L., Robock, A., Cole, J., Curry, C., Ji, D., Jones, A., Kravitz, B., Moore, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Singh, B., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S. & Yoon, J.-H. (2014). Solar radiation management impacts on agriculture in China: A case study in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119, 8695-8711. doi:10.1002/2013JD020630 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Timmreck, C., Bader, J., Beitsch, A., Graf, H.-F., Notz, D. & Jungclaus, J. (2014). Inter-hemispheric asymmetry in the sea-ice response to volcanic forcing simulated by MPI-ESM (COSMOS-Mill). Earth System Dynamics, 5, 223-242. doi:10.5194/esd-5-223-2014 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Alterskjær, K., Kristjánsson, J., Boucher, O., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Schulz, M. & Timmreck, C. (2013). Sea-salt injections into the low-latitude marine boundary layer: The transient response in three earth system models. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 12195-12206. doi:10.1002/2013JD020432 [ Fulltext]
  • Giorgetta, M., Jungclaus, J., Reick, C., Legutke, S., Bader, J., Böttinger, M., Brovkin, V., Crueger, T., Esch, M., Fieg, K., Glushak, K., Gayler, V., Haak, H., Hollweg, H.-D., Ilyina, T., Kinne, S., Kornblueh, L., Matei, D., Mauritsen, T., Mikolajewicz, U., Mueller, W., Notz, D., Pithan, F., Raddatz, T., Rast, S., Redler, R., Roeckner, E., Schmidt, H., Schnur, R., Segschneider, J., Six, K., Stockhause, M., Timmreck, C., Wegner, J., Widmann, H., Wieners, K.-H., Claussen, M., Marotzke, J. & Stevens, B. (2013). Climate and carbon cycle changes from 1850 to 2100 in MPI-ESM simulations for the coupled model intercomparison project phase 5. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 572-597. doi:10.1002/jame.20038 [ Fulltext]
  • Jones, A., Haywood, J., Alterskjær, K., Boucher, O., Cole, J., Curry, C., Irvine, P., Ji, D., Kravitz, B., Egill Kristjánsson, J., Moore, J., Niemeier, U., Robock, A., Schmidt, H., Singh, B., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S. & Yoon, J.-H. (2013). The impact of abrupt suspension of solar radiation management (termination effect) in experiment G2 of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 9743-9752. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50762 [ Fulltext]
  • Kravitz, B., Forster, P., Jones, A., Robock, A., Alterskjær, K., Boucher, O., Jenkins, A., Korhonen, H., Kristjánsson, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Partanen, A.-I., Rasch, P., Wang, H. & Watanabe, S. (2013). Sea spray geoengineering experiments in the geoengineering model intercomparison project (GeoMIP): Experimental design and preliminary results. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 11175-11186 . doi:10.1002/jgrd.50856 [ Fulltext]
  • Kravitz, B., Rasch, P., Forster, P., Andrews, T., Cole, J., Irvine, P., Ji, D., Kristjánsson, J., Moore, J., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Robock, A., Singh, B., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S. & Yoon, J.-H. (2013). An energetic perspective on hydrological cycle changes in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 13087-13102. doi:10.1002/2013JD020502 [ Fulltext]
  • Kravitz, B., Caldeira, K., Boucher, O., Robock, A., Rasch, P., Alterskjær, K., Karam, D., Cole, J., Curry, C., Haywood, J., Irvine, P., Ji, D., Jones, A., Kristjánsson, J., Lunt, D., Moore, J., Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Schulz, M., Singh, B., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S., Yang, S. & Yoon, J.-H. (2013). Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 8320-8332. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50646 [ Fulltext]
  • Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Alterskjaer, K. & Kristjánsson, J. (2013). Solar irradiance reduction via climate engineering: Impact of different techniques on the energy balance and the hydrological cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 11905-11917. doi:10.1002/2013JD020445 [ Fulltext]
  • Schmidt, H., Rast, S., Bunzel, F., Esch, M., Giorgetta, M., Kinne, S., Krismer, T., Stenchikov, G., Timmreck, C., Tomassini, L. & Walz, M. (2013). The response of the middle atmosphere to anthropogenic and natural forcing in the CMIP5 simulations with the MPI-ESM. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 98-116. doi:10.1002/jame.20014 [ Fulltext]
  • Segschneider, J., Beitsch, A., Timmreck, C., Brovkin, V., Ilyina, T., Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Six, K. & Zanchettin, D. (2013). Impact of an extremely large magnitude volcanic eruption on the global climate and carbon cycle estimated from ensemble Earth System Model simulations. Biogeosciences, 10, 669-687. doi:10.5194/bg-10-669-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Tilmes, S., Fasullo, J., Lamarque, J.-F., Marsh, D., Mills, M., Alterskjær, K., Muri, H., Kristjánsson, J., Boucher, O., Schulz, M., Cole, J., Curry, C., Jones, A., Haywood, J., Irvine, P., Ji, D., Moore, J., Karam, D., Kravitz, B., Rasch, P., Singh, B., Yoon, J.-H., Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Robock, A., Yang, S. & Watanabe, S. (2013). The hydrological impact of geoengineering in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 11036-11058. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50868 [ Fulltext]
  • Toohey, M., Krüger, K. & Timmreck, C. (2013). Volcanic sulfate deposition to Greenland and Antarctica: A modeling sensitivity study. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 4788-4800. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50428 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Bothe, O., Graf, H., Lorenz, S., Luterbacher, J., Timmreck, C. & Jungclaus, J. (2013). Background conditions influence the decadal climate response to strong volcanic eruptions. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118, 4090-4106. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50229 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C., Bothe, O., Lorenz, S., Hegerl, G., Graf, H., Luterbacher, J. & Jungclaus, J. (2013). Delayed winter warming: A robust decadal response to strong tropical volcanic eruptions ?. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 204-209. doi:10.1029/2012GL054403 [ Fulltext]
  • Anchukaitis, K., Breitenmoser, P., Briffa, K., Buchwa, A., Büntgen, U., Cook, E., D'Arrigo, R., Esper, J., Evans, M., Frank, D., Grudd, H., Gunnarson, B., Hughes, M., Kirdyanov, A., Körner, C., Krusic, P., Luckman, B., Melvin, T., Salzer, M., Shashkin, A., Timmreck, C., Vaganov, E. & Wilson, R. (2012). Tree rings and volcanic cooling. Nature Geoscience, 5, 836-837. doi:10.1038/ngeo1645
  • Schmidt, H., Alterskjaer, K., Bou Karam, D., Boucher, O., Jones, A., Kristjansson, J., Niemeier, U., Schulz, M., Aaheim, A., Benduhn, F., Lawrence, M. & Timmreck, C. (2012). Solar irradiance reduction to counteract radiative forcing from a quadrupling of CO2: climate responses simulated by four earth system models. Earth System Dynamics, 3, 63-78. doi:10.5194/esd-3-63-2012 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F., Zanchettin, D., Hagemann, S., Kleinen, T. & Krüger, K. (2012). Climate response to the Toba super-eruption: regional changes. Quaternary International, 258, 30-44. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.10.008
  • Timmreck, C. (2012). Modeling the climatic effects of large volcanic eruptions. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 3, 545-564. doi:10.1002/WCC.192
  • Weil, M., Grassl, H., Hoshyaripour, G., Kloster, S., Kominek, J., Misios, S., Scheffran, J., Starr, S., Stenchikov, G., Sudarchikova, N., Timmreck, C., Zhang, D. & Kalinowski, M. (2012). Pathways, impacts, and policies on severe aerosol injections into the atmosphere. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, ES85-ES88. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00272.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F., Rubino, A., Lorenz, S., Lohmann, K., Krüger, K. & Jungclaus, J. (2012). Bi-decadal variability excited in the coupled ocean-atmosphere system by strong tropical volcanic eruptions. Climate Dynamics, 39, 419-444. doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1167-1
  • Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H. & Timmreck, C. (2011). The dependency of geoengineered sulfate aerosol on the emission strategy. Atmospheric Science Letters, 12, 189-194. doi:10.1002/asl.3042/asl.304
  • Timmreck, C. (2011). Begrenzter Klimaeinfluss von extrem großen Vulkaneruptionen. [ Fulltext]
  • Toohey, M., Krüger, K., Niemeier, U. & Timmreck, C. (2011). The influence of eruption season on the global aerosol evolution and radiative impact of tropical volcanic eruptions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 12351-12367. doi:10.5194/acp-11-12351-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Brovkin, V., Lorenz, S., Jungclaus, J., Raddatz, T., Timmreck, C., Reick, C., Segschneider, J. & Six, K. (2010). Sensitivity of a coupled climate-carbon cycle model to large volcanic eruptions. Tellus B, 62, 674-681. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00471.x [ Fulltext]
  • Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Timmreck, C., Reick, C., Brovkin, V., Six, K., Segschneider, J., Giorgetta, M., Crowley, T., Pongratz, J., Krivova, N., Vieira, L., Solanki, S., Klocke, D., Botzet, M., Esch, M., Gayler, V., Haak, H., Raddatz, T., Roeckner, E., Schnur, R., Widmann, H., Claussen, M., Stevens, B. & Marotzke, J. (2010). Climate and carbon-cycle variability over the last millennium. Climate of the Past, 6, 723-737. doi:10.5194/cp-6-723-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F., Lorenz, S., Niemeier, U., Zanchettin, D., Matei, D., Jungclaus, J. & Crowley, T. (2010). Aerosol size confines climate response to volcanic super-eruptions. Geophysical Research Letters, 37: L24705. doi:10.1029/2010GL045464. [ Fulltext]
  • Kokkola, H., Hommel, R., Kazil, J., Niemeier, U., Partanen, A.-I., Feichter, J. & Timmreck, C. (2009). Aerosol microphysics modules in the framework of the ECHAM5 climate model – intercomparison under stratospheric conditions. Geoscientific Model Development, 2, 97-112. [ Fulltext]
  • Niemeier, U., Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F., Kinne, S., Rast, S. & Self, S. (2009). Initial fate of fine ash and sulfur from large volcanic eruptions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 9043-9057. doi:10.5194/acp-9-9043-2009 [ Fulltext]
  • Thomas, M., Timmreck, C., Giorgetta, M., Graf, H.-F. & Stenchikov, G. (2009). Simulation of the climate impact of Mt. Pinatubo eruption using ECHAM5 – Part 1: Sensitivity to the modes of atmospheric circulation and boundary conditions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 1747-1766. [ Fulltext]
  • Thomas, M., Giorgetta, M., Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F. & Stenchikov, G. (2009). Simulation of the climate impact of Mt. Pinatubo eruption using ECHAM5 – Part 2: Sensitivity to the phase of the QBO. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 3001-3009. doi:10.5194/acp-9-3001-2009 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C., Lorenz, S., Crowley, T., Kinne, S., Raddatz, T., Thomas, A. & Jungclaus, J. (2009). Limited temperature response to the very large AD 1258 volcanic eruption. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L21708. doi:10.1029/2009GL040083 [ Fulltext]
  • Kinnison, D., Brasseur, G., Walter, S., Garcia, R., Marsh, D., Sassi, F., Harvey, V., Randall, C., Emmons, L., Lamarque, J., Hess, P., Orlando, J., Tie, X., Randel, W., Pan, L., Gettelman, A., Granier, C., Diehl, T., Niemeier, U. & Simmons, A. (2007). Sensitivity of chemical tracers to meteorological parameters in the MOZART-3 chemical transport model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112: D20302. doi:10.1029/2006JD007879 [ Fulltext]
  • Baldwin, M., Dameris, D., Austin, J., Bekki, S., Bregman, B., Scinocca, J., Shindell, D., Struthers, H., Takahashi, M. & Thompson, D. (2006). Climate-Ozone Connections. In NOAA, UNEP, WMO (Eds.), Scientific Assessment of ozone depletion: 2006 Genf: World Meteorological Organization. [ Fulltext]
  • Granier, C., Niemeier, U., Jungclaus, J., Emmons, L., Hess, P., Lamarque, J., Walters, S. & Brasseur, G. (2006). Ozone pollution from future ship traffic in the Arctic northern passages. Geophysical Research Letters, 33: 13807. doi:10.1029/2006GL026180 [ Fulltext]
  • Niemeier, U., Granier, C., Kornblueh, L., Walters, S. & Brasseur, G. (2006). Global impact of road traffic on atmospheric chemical composition and on ozone climate forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(9): D09301. doi:10.1029/2005JD006407 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C. & Graf, H. (2006). The initial dispersal and radiative forcing of a Northern Hemisphere mid-latitude super volcano: a model study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 35-49. doi:10.5194/acp-6-35-2006 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Weisenstein, D., Bekki, S., Mills, M., Pitari, G. & Timmreck, C. (2006). Modeling of stratospheric aerosols. In Thomason, L. & Peter, T. (Eds.), Assessment of stratospheric aerosol properties (ASAP) (pp.219-272). Genf: SPARC Scientific Steering Group. [ Fulltext]
  • Richter, A., Burrows, J., Nuss, H., Granier, C. & Niemeier, U. (2005). Increase in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide over China observed from space. Nature, 437, 129-132. doi:10.1038/nature04092
  • Textor, C., Graf, H., Longo, A., Neri, A., Ongaro, T., Papale, P., Timmreck, C. & Ernst, G. (2005). Numerical simulation of explosive volcanic eruptions from the conduit flow to global atmospheric scales. Annals of Geophysics, 48(4-5), 817-842.
  • Textor, C., Graf, H.-F. & Timmreck, C. (2004). Emissions from volcanoes. In Granier, C., Artaxo, P. & Reeves, C. (Eds.), Emissions of atmospheric trace compounds (pp.269-303). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publ..
  • Timmreck, C. & Schulz, M. (2004). Significant dust simulation differences in nudged and climatological operation mode of the AGCM ECHAM. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109(D13): D13202. doi:10.1029/2003JD004381 [ Fulltext]
  • Hommel, R., Timmreck, C. & Granf, H. (2003). Global stratospheric sulfate aerosol modeling with ECHAM5 GCM.
  • Kinne, S., Lohmann, U., Feichter, J., Schulz, M., Timmreck, C., Ghan, S., Easter, R., Chin, M., Ginoux, P., Takemura, T., Tegen, I., Koch, D., Herzog, M., Penner, J., Pitari, G., Holben, B., Eck, T., Smirnov, A., Dubovik, O., Slutsker, I., Tanre, D., Torres, O., Mishchenko, M., Geogdzhayev, I., Chu, D. & Kaufman, Y. (2003). Monthly averages of aerosol properties: A global comparison among models, satellite data, and AERONET ground data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108(D20): 4634. doi:10.1029/2001JD001253 [ Fulltext]
  • Korhonen, H., Napari, I., Timmreck, C., Vehkamaki, H., Pirjola, L., Lehtinen, K., Lauri, A. & Kulmala, M. (2003). Heterogeneous nucleation as a potential sulphate-coating mechanism of atmospheric mineral dust particles and implications of coated dust on new particle formation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108(D17): 4546. doi:10.1029/2003JD003553 [ Fulltext]
  • Lohmann, U., Karcher, B. & Timmreck, C. (2003). Impact of the Mount Pinatubo eruption on cirrus clouds formed by homogeneous freezing in the ECHAM4 GCM. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108(D18): 4568. doi:10.1029/2002JD003185 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C., Graf, H. & Steil, B. (2003). Aerosol chemistry interactions after the Mt. Pinatubo eruption. In Robock, A. (Eds.), Volcanism and the earth's atmosphere (pp.213-225). Washington: American Geophysical Union.
  • Timmreck, C. (2003). Simulation of UT/LS aerosol with a chemistry-microphysics-climate model. Journal of Aerosol Science, 34(Suppl. 2), 1053-1054. doi:10.1016/S0021-8502(03)00164-2 [ Fulltext]
  • Timmreck, C. & Schulz, M. (2003). Interannual variability of sea salt simulated with a general circulation model.
  • Vehkamaki, H., Kulmala, M., Napari, I., Lehtinen, K., Timmreck, C., Noppel, M. & Laaksonen, A. (2002). An improved parameterization for sulfuric acid-water nucleation rates for tropospheric and stratospheric conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 107(D22): 4622. doi:10.1029/2002JD002184 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]